Alabama is named after the river which is named after a noted southern Indian tribe whose habitat was in what is now central Alabama. Alabama covers 50,744 square miles, with a 2014 estimated population of 4,849,377 people - 1,156,255 living in rural Alabama (USDA-ERS). The state capital is Montgomery. The largest cities are Birmingham, Montgomery and Mobile. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 69.7% of the state’s population is white, 26.7% is Black/African-American, and 4.1% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (U.S. Census, 2014).

Alabama Rural Healthcare Facilities

Alabama Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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There are 96 hospitals in Alabama (Kaiser, 2014), 4 of which are identified as Critical Access Hospitals (Flex Team, 12/2015). There are 99 Rural Health Clinics in Alabama (CMS, 2015) and 14 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 131 sites in the state (NACHC, 2013).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Alabama

11% of Alabama residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2014). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for Alabama residents in 2014 was $37,512, although rural per-capita income lagged at $32,212. The ERS reports, based on 2010-2014 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Alabama is 22.8%, compared with 17.7% in urban areas of the state. 22.0% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 14.4% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2010-2014 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Alabama is 7.9%, while in urban Alabama it is 6.5% (USDA-ERS, 2014).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: Rural Health Clinic List; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; National Association of Community Health Centers: Key Health Center Data By State; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Alabama Department of Public Health: Office of Primary Care and Rural Health
Phone: 334.206.5396
Facilitates and supports activities which improve access to health care services for rural Alabamians, with special concern concern for children, the elderly, minorities and other medically underserved vulnerable populations.
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There are more organizations related to Alabama in the organizations section.