Arizona covers 113,635 square miles, with a 2017 estimated population of 7,016,270 people – 347,797 living in rural Arizona (USDA-ERS). Phoenix, the capital, is located in the south-central region of the state. The state’s largest cities are Phoenix, Tucson and Mesa. According to 2017 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 83.1% of the state’s population is white, 5.0% is African-American, 3.5% is Asian, 5.3% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.3% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 31.4% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.
Arizona Rural Healthcare Facilities
According to data.HRSA.gov, as of July 2018 Arizona had:
- 14 Critical Access Hospitals
- 27 Rural Health Clinics
- 75 Federally Qualified Health Centers located outside of Urbanized Areas
- 22 short term hospitals located outside of Urbanized Areas
Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Arizona
Most Arizonans have some form of health insurance coverage, although 10% of the state’s residents remain uninsured (Kaiser, 2017). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Arizonans in 2016 was $40,415, although rural per capita income lagged at $31,645. The ERS reports, based on 2017 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Arizona is 26.4%, compared with 14.3% in urban areas of the state. 19.4% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 13.5% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2012-2016 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Arizona is 7.6%, while in urban Arizona, it is 4.8% (USDA-ERS, 2017).For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.
Promotes the health of rural and medically underserved individuals, families, and communities in Arizona through service, education, and research.
There are more organizations related to Arizona in the organizations section.
Last Reviewed: 11/9/2018