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Arizona covers 113,635 square miles, with a 2017 estimated population of 7,016,270 people – 347,797 living in rural Arizona (USDA-ERS). Phoenix, the capital, is located in the south-central region of the state. The state’s largest cities are Phoenix, Tucson and Mesa. According to 2016 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 83.3% of the state’s population is white, 4.9% is African-American, 3.4% is Asian, 5.4% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.3% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 30.9% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Arizona Rural Healthcare Facilities

Arizona Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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There are 70 hospitals in Arizona (Kaiser, 2016). The state has 14 hospitals identified as Critical Access Hospitals (Flex Team, 7/2018). There are 23 Rural Health Clinics in Arizona (CMS, 2017), and 21 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 159 sites in the state (NACHC, 2016).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Arizona

Most Arizonans have some form of health insurance coverage, although 12% of the state’s residents remain uninsured (Kaiser, 2016). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Arizonans in 2016 was $40,415, although rural per capita income lagged at $31,645. The ERS reports, based on 2016 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Arizona is 26.2%, compared with 15.8% in urban areas of the state. 19.4% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 13.5% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2012-2016 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Arizona is 7.6%, while in urban Arizona, it is 4.8% (USDA-ERS, 2017).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: Rural Health Clinic List; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; National Association of Community Health Centers: Key Health Center Data By State; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Arizona Center for Rural Health
Phone: 520.626.2254
Promotes the health of rural and medically underserved individuals, families, and communities in Arizona through service, education, and research.
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There are more organizations related to Arizona in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 4/25/2016