Skip to main content
Rural Health Information Hub


Arizona covers 113,635 square miles, with a 2021 estimated population of 7,276,316 people – 340,104 living in rural Arizona (USDA-ERS). Phoenix, the capital, is located in the south-central region of the state. The state's largest cities are Phoenix, Tucson and Mesa. According to 2021 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, an estimated 82.6% of the state's population is white, 5.2% is African-American, 3.7% is Asian, 5.3% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.3% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 31.7% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Arizona Rural Healthcare Facilities

Critical Access Hospitals
Rural Health Clinics
Federally Qualified Health Centers*
Short Term/PPS Hospitals*
*Sites located outside of Urbanized Areas according to April 2022.

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Arizona

Most Arizonans have some form of health insurance coverage, although 10.8% of the state's residents remain uninsured (Kaiser, 2020). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Arizonans in 2020 was $49,648, with the rural per capita income at $39,035. The ERS reports, based on 2020 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Arizona is 21.9%, compared with 12.4% in urban areas of the state. 16.9% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 11.9% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2016-2020 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Arizona is 6.5%, while in urban Arizona, it is 4.8% (USDA-ERS, 2021).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Arizona Center for Rural Health
Phone: 520.626.2254
Promotes the health of rural and medically underserved individuals, families, and communities in Arizona through service, education, and research.
view details

There are more organizations related to Arizona in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 10/28/2021