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Arizona covers 113,635 square miles, with a 2018 estimated population of 7,171,646 people – 351,316 living in rural Arizona (USDA-ERS). Phoenix, the capital, is located in the south-central region of the state. The state's largest cities are Phoenix, Tucson and Mesa. According to 2018 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 82.8% of the state's population is white, 5.1% is African-American, 3.7% is Asian, 5.3% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.3% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 31.6% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Arizona Rural Healthcare Facilities

Arizona Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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According to, as of April 2019 Arizona had:

  • 15 Critical Access Hospitals
  • 31 Rural Health Clinics
  • 68 Federally Qualified Health Center sites located outside of Urbanized Areas
  • 1 short term hospital located outside of Urbanized Areas

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Arizona

Most Arizonans have some form of health insurance coverage, although 10% of the state's residents remain uninsured (Kaiser, 2017). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Arizonans in 2017 was $42,280, although rural per capita income lagged at $33,388. The ERS reports, based on 2017 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Arizona is 26.4%, compared with 14.3% in urban areas of the state. 18.6% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 13.2% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2013-2017 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Arizona is 7.5%, while in urban Arizona, it is 4.7% (USDA-ERS, 2018).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Arizona Center for Rural Health
Phone: 520.626.2254
Promotes the health of rural and medically underserved individuals, families, and communities in Arizona through service, education, and research.
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There are more organizations related to Arizona in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 6/12/2019