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Arkansas covers 52,068 square miles, with a 2019 estimated population of 3,017,804 people - 1,124,911 living in rural Arkansas (USDA-ERS). The state capital and largest city is Little Rock. According to 2018 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 79.1% of the state's population is white, 15.7% is African-American, 1.7% is Asian, 1.0% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.4% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 7.7% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Arkansas Rural Healthcare Facilities

Arkansas Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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According to, as of January 2020 Arkansas had:

  • 28 Critical Access Hospitals
  • 99 Rural Health Clinics
  • 109 Federally Qualified Health Center sites located outside of Urbanized Areas
  • 22 short term hospitals located outside of Urbanized Areas

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Arkansas

8% of Arkansas residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2016). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Arkansas residents in 2018 was $43,233, although rural per capita income lagged at $34,664. The ERS reports, based on 2018 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Arkansas is 19.5%, compared with 15.2% in urban areas of the state. 16.3% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 12.2% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2014-2018 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Arkansas is 4.3%, while in urban Arkansas, it is 3.1% (USDA-ERS, 2019).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Arkansas Office of Rural Health & Primary Care
Phone: 501.280.4560
Supports access to quality health care services throughout Arkansas by helping develop community-based healthcare systems and services. Part of the Arkansas Department of Health.
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There are more organizations related to Arkansas in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 3/20/2019