Guam is an island in the North Pacific Ocean, and is the largest and southernmost island in the Mariana Islands archipelago. It is an organized, unincorporated territory of the United States, and its residents are U.S. citizens. Guam has a landmass of 544 square kilometers (CIA, 2017). The capital, Hagåtña (formerly Agana), is located on Guam's western coast.
Total estimated 2016 population is 162,742 (CIA, 2017). 49.3% of the population is native Pacific Islander, 32.2% is Asian, 7.1% white, 1.0% African-American/Black, 0.8% Hispanic or Latino, and 0.3% other. While most of the population speaks English, many residents also speak another languages, with Chamorro and the Philippine languages being the most common.
Guam Memorial Hospital is located in Tamuning. The island is served by two Federally Qualified Health Centers, the Southern and Northern Region Community Health Centers, which provide primary healthcare, acute outpatient care, and preventive services and are under Guam's Bureau of Primary Care Services. The WHO Western Pacific Regional Office reports that in 2000 Guam was served by 166 physicians and 31 dental surgeons.
According to the 2010 Census, the average household income is $48,274. 79.4% of residents completed high school, 65.8% of the population 16 years and older is part of the labor force, with 5.1% unemployed.
For additional resources and information, see Pacific Territories, Commonwealth, and Freely Associated States.
Last Reviewed: 6/3/2014