Guam is an island in the North Pacific Ocean, and is the
largest and southernmost island in the Mariana Islands
archipelago. It is an organized, unincorporated territory
of the United States, and its residents are U.S.
citizens. Guam has a landmass of 544 square kilometers (CIA, 2017). The
capital, Hagåtña (formerly Agana), is located on Guam's
Total estimated 2018 population is 167,772 (CIA, 2018). 49.3% of the
population is native Pacific Islander, 32.2% is Asian,
7.1% white, 1.0% African-American/Black, 0.8% Hispanic or
Latino, and 0.3% other. While most of the population
speaks English, many residents also speak another
languages, with Chamorro and the Philippine languages
being the most common.
Guam Memorial Hospital is located
in Tamuning. The island is served by two Federally
Qualified Health Centers, the Southern and Northern
Region Community Health Centers, which provide primary
healthcare, acute outpatient care, and preventive
services and are under Guam's Bureau of Primary Care
Services. The WHO Western Pacific Regional Office reports
that in 2000 Guam was served by 166 physicians and 31
According to the 2020 Census, the average household
income is $58,289. 37.7% of residents completed high
school, 60.9% of the population 16 years and older is
part of the labor force, with 5.9% unemployed.
For additional resources and information, see Pacific Territories,
Commonwealth, and Freely Associated States.
CIA World Fact Book: Guam;
U.S. Census 2020; U.S. Affiliated Pacific
Basin Jurisdictions: Legal, Geographic and Demographic