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Hawaii

Hawaii, the only U.S. state composed entirely of islands, covers 6,423 square miles, with a 2017 estimated population of 1,427,538 people – 272,540 living in rural Hawaii (USDA-ERS). Honolulu, the capital, is located on the island of Oahu. The state’s largest cities are Honolulu, Pearl City, Hilo, and Kailua. According to 2017 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 25.7% of the state’s population is white, 2.2% is African-American, 37.8% is Asian, 0.4% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 10.2% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 10.5% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Hawaii Rural Healthcare Facilities

Hawaii Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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According to data.HRSA.gov, as of July 2018 Hawaii had:

  • 9 Critical Access Hospitals
  • 7 Rural Health Clinics
  • 30 Federally Qualified Health Centers located outside of Urbanized Areas
  • 5 short term hospitals located outside of Urbanized Areas

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Hawaii

Although most Hawaiians have some form of health insurance coverage, 4% of residents remain uninsured (Kaiser, 2017). According to the Economic Research Service, the average per capita income in 2016 was $50,363, while rural per capita income lagged at $39,775. The ERS reports, based on 2017 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Hawaii is 13.6%, compared with 8.6% in urban areas of the state. 8.3% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 8.8% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2012-2016 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Hawaii is 2.7%, while in urban Hawaii it is 2.3% (USDA-ERS, 2017).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.


Data Sources
Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets

Contacts

Hawaii State Office of Primary Care and Rural Health
Phone: 808.586.4122
Coordinates federal, state, and local efforts aimed at improving the health of Hawaii’s rural and medically underserved populations.
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There are more organizations related to Hawaii in the organizations section.


Last Reviewed: 11/9/2018