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Hawaii Resources

Selected Rural Healthcare Facilities in Hawaii
Shows the state’s Critical Access Hospitals (CAHs) and Rural Health Clinics (RHCs), as well as Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs) located outside of urbanized areas.
Date: 07/2018
Type: Map/Mapping System
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Preventable Tooth Loss in Hawai'i: The Role of Socioeconomic Status, Diabetes, and Dental Visits
Results of a study examining association of tooth loss with health risk, dental care access, and sociodemographic factors including income level in 13,371 adults from 4 racial and ethnic groups in Hawaii. Features demographic statistics including breakdowns by residence in a city center, outside a city center, or a nonmetropolitan area.
Author(s): Mikako Deguchi, Marjorie K. Leimomi Mala Mau, James Davis, Richard Niederman
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 14
Date: 11/2017
Type: Document
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A Report to the 2018 Hawai'i State Legislature: Findings from the Hawai'i Physician Workforce Assessment Project
Reports on shortages of physicians in Hawaii by county and specialty. Summarizes what has been done in the past year to help address these shortages, including workforce pipeline programs, an increase in loan repayment contracts, and hiring a rural coordinator to work specifically on recruitment, training, and loan repayment initiatives.
Author(s): Kelley Withy
Date: 10/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Hawaii and Pacific Basin Area Health Education Centers
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Health Care Access and Utilization Among Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander Persons in the United States, 2014
Provides detailed statistics on healthcare access and utilization for the Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander (NHPI) population as a whole, as well as multiple- and single-race NHPI populations, with comparisons to other groups and to the U.S. population. Topics addressed include health insurance coverage, usual place of care, emergency department visits, delayed care due to cost, dentist visits, influenza and pneumococcal vaccination, and HIV screening.
Author(s): Carla E. Zelaya, Adena M. Galinsky, Catherine Simile, Patricia M. Barnes
Citation: Vital Health Statistics, 3(41)
Date: 08/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Health Statistics
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Health Conditions and Behaviors of Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander Persons in the United States, 2014
Offers detailed statistics on health conditions and behaviors for the Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander (NHPI) population and for multiple and single-race NHPI populations, with comparisons to other racial groups and to the U.S. population as a whole. Topics covered include general health status, specific health conditions, disabilities, body mass index, physical activity, and substance use.
Author(s): Adena M. Galinsky, Carla E. Zelaya, Catherine Simile, Patricia M. Barnes
Citation: Vital and Health Statistics, 3(40)
Date: 07/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Health Statistics
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Housing Needs of Native Hawaiians: A Report From the Assessment of American Indian, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian Housing Needs
Report of housing conditions and needs for Native Hawaiians as part of a larger Native American housing study mandated by Congress in 2009. Includes discussion of population growth and distribution; demographic, social, and economic conditions; housing conditions and needs; circumstances of Native Hawaiians residing on Hawaiian Home Lands and those on the waiting list; and housing policy and programs. Rural and urban comparisons, particularly in the Home Lands discussion, are available.
Date: 05/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development
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Promoting Optimal Native Outcomes (PONO) by Understanding Women's Stress Experiences
Analyzes psychosocial stressors in women, aged 18-35, living in a rural Hawaiian community with a large Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander population to promote optimal native outcomes (PONO). Gathered information from 36 women participating in focus groups and identified seven stressor themes: intimate relationships; family and home life; child rearing; time for self; neighborhood environment; workplace; and finances.
Author(s): May Okihiro, Lisa Duke, Deborah Goebert, et al.
Citation: The Journal of Primary Prevention, 38(1-2), 159-173
Date: 04/2017
Type: Document
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Selected Health Conditions Among Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander Adults: United States, 2014
Reports on health conditions among the Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander population, compared to the Asian population with which this group has historically been associated. Includes data on cancer, heart disease, diabetes, lower back pain, arthritis, severe headaches, and asthma. Based on data from the 2014 Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander National Health Interview Survey and the 2014 National Health Interview Survey.
Author(s): Adena M. Galinsky, Carla E. Zelaya, Patricia M. Barnes, Catherine Simile
Date: 03/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Health Statistics
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2017 Hawaii Alcohol and Substance Use Profiles and Fact Sheets
Reports on drug and alcohol use for adults and youth in Hawaii by county.
Date: 2017
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Hawaii State Department of Health
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Examining the Role of a Community Coalition in Facilitating Policy and Environmental Changes to Promote Physical Activity: The Case of Get Fit Kaua'i
Examines Get Fit Kauai, a community coalition that brought changes in built environment (BE) policies and infrastructure changes to rural Hawaii. Describes how the community coalition developed a theory to explain the process of the community coalition facilitating BE change to support physical activity.
Author(s): Lehua B. Choy, Jay E. Maddock, Beverley Brody, Katherine L. Richards, Kathryn L. Braun
Citation: Translational Behavioral Medicine: Practice, Policy, Research, 6(4), 638-647
Date: 12/2016
Type: Document
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Challenges and Promise of Health Equity for Native Hawaiians
Illustrates the status of health equity for Native Hawaiians by describing their population characteristics, and health and social disparities. Identifies effective programs developed to address health disparities, and offers recommendations to improve health equity.
Author(s): Noreen Mokuau, Patrick H. DeLeon, Joseph Keawe'aimoku Kaholokula, et al.
Date: 10/2016
Type: Document
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State of Hawai'i Primary Care Needs Assessment Data Book 2016
Examines primary care needs and services for the state of Hawaii, including statistics and data on morbidity, oral health, mental health, substance abuse, and population and socio-economic factors. Also includes discussion on Critical Access Hospitals (CAHs), Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs), Rural Health Clinics (RHCs), and the Health Professional Shortages Areas (HPSAs) of the state.
Date: 05/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Hawaii State Office of Primary Care and Rural Health
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Open Hearts, Open Minds: An Accomplishments Report of the Pacific Island Task Force
Summarizes U.S. government's response to recommendations from community leaders in Hawaii, the U.S. Pacific Territories, and U.S.-affiliated Pacific Islands on various topics, including health equity. Details successes in improving access to federal programs and resources, and increasing grant opportunities in the Pacific region.
Date: 04/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Department of Education
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Hawaii Oral Health: Key Findings
Reports on access to oral health care in Hawaii and describes the state's oral health status. Includes county-level breakdowns of data and discusses key findings, such as the impact of Medicaid on oral health access.
Date: 08/2015
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Hawaii State Department of Health
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Using Photovoice with Youth to Develop a Drug Prevention Program in a Rural Hawaiian Community
Presents the results of a community-university research project involving 10 youth from rural areas participating in 8 focus groups with the purpose of developing a Native Hawaiian model of drug prevention.
Author(s): Susana Helm, Wayde Lee, Vanda Hanakahi, et al.
Citation: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research, 22(1), 1-26
Date: 04/2015
Type: Document
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Examining How a Community Coalition Creates and Implements Policy Changes to Promote Physical Activity: The Case of Get Fit Kauai
Explores the process used by a community coalition to create and implement policy changes that impact the built environment in rural Hawaii. Identifies enabling factors and barriers to policy change and implementation, examines the influence of community contexts, and determines ways the coalition can make improvements. Slides from a presentation at the 2015 Active Living Research Conference.
Author(s): Lehua Choy, Bev Brody, Katherine Richards, Jodi Drisko, Jay Maddock
Date: 02/2015
Type: Presentation Slides
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Hawaiian Weight Management Program Aims for Healthy, Happy Lives
Highlights Kūlana Hawaii, a weight management program that helps Native Hawaiians and the medically underserved population on the islands of Oahu and Molokai.
Author(s): Jami Schumacher
Citation: Rural Monitor, 2015(Winter)
Date: 02/2015
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Native Hawaiian Health Fact Sheet 2015: Volume 2, Family Lifestyle Choices
Focuses on maternal and child health and substance abuse status for Native Hawaiians, including data by county. Covers prenatal care, maternal health, births, alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drugs. Compares data for Native Hawaiians to state averages.
Date: 2015
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Office of Hawaiian Affairs
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Native Hawaiian Health Fact Sheet 2015: Volume 1, Chronic Diseases
Provides an overview of chronic disease status for Native Hawaiians, including breakdowns by county. Covers asthma, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hypertension, and obesity. Compares differences in chronic disease prevalence for Native Hawaiians and the state's overall population.
Date: 2015
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Office of Hawaiian Affairs
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Cost-Effective Strategies for Rural Community Outreach, Hawaii, 2010-2011
Compares the cost-effectiveness of three recruitment strategies designed to maximize attendance by older adults and their caregivers at classes on chronic disease medication safety in the three rural counties of Kauai, Maui, and Hawaii.
Author(s): Karen L. Pellegrin, Anna Barbato, R. Scott Holuby, Anita E. Ciarleglio, Ronald Taniguchi
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 11
Date: 12/2014
Type: Document
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Mapping an Emerging National Health Equity Network
Results of an online survey of 256 organizations, conducted from April 2013-May 2014, providing basic demographics and information about partnerships which help advance the health and well-being of Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander communities.
Date: 08/2014
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Asian & Pacific Islander American Health Forum, Social Policy Research Associates, W.K. Kellogg Foundation
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Developing Empirically Based, Culturally Grounded Drug Prevention Interventions for Indigenous Youth Populations
Describes the relevance of a culturally grounded approach when developing a drug prevention program for indigenous youth. Includes implications for culturally grounded approaches in behavioral health services and a case example of a drug prevention program for rural Native Hawaiian youth.
Author(s): Scott K. Okamoto, Susana Helm, Suzanne Pel, et al.
Citation: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research, 41(1)
Date: 01/2014
Type: Document
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Urban and Rural Areas in the State of Hawaii, by County: 2010
Provides state and county-level facts about urban and rural areas of Hawaii, based on 2010 U.S. Census Bureau data. Includes maps showing which areas of the state are classified as rural, urban, or urbanized clusters.
Date: 09/2013
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: State of Hawaii, Department of Business, Economic Development & Tourism
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Breastfeeding Patterns in the Rural Community of Hilo, Hawai'i: An Exploration of Existing Data Sets
Describes breastfeeding patterns of women living in rural Hilo, Hawaii. Utilizes data from several national, state, and local data sets to identify and describe breastfeeding patterns of women in the community and compared with breastfeeding data from Hawaii's Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) program. Data is compared to data from published reports available at the county, state, and national level.
Author(s): Jeanie L. Flood
Citation: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine and Public Health, 72(3), 81-86
Date: 03/2013
Type: Document
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Development and Implementation of a Food System Intervention to Prevent Childhood Obesity in Rural Hawai'i
Report on the Healthy Foods Hawaii intervention trial in four rural communities, which aimed to improve the diets of children and decrease obesity rates. Includes information about the impacts of access to transportation, education, and healthy foods.
Citation: Hawaii Medical Journal, 70(7 suppl 1), 42-46
Date: 07/2011
Type: Document
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Hawai'i Island Health Workforce Assessment, 2008
Discusses the health workforce shortage on the Big Island of Hawaii and how the shortage is impacted by the remoteness and rural characteristics of the island.
Author(s): Kelley Withy, January Andaya, Sharon Vitousek, David Sakamoto
Citation: Hawaii Medical Journal, 6(11), 268-272
Date: 12/2009
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii at Manoa
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The Economic Impact of Hawai'i Critical Access Hospitals on a Community, County, and State
Discusses the importance of a Critical Access Hospital (CAH) to a community, county and to the State of Hawaii. Describes the impact of a CAH on rural development and the economy.
Author(s): Gerald A. Doeksen, Cheryl F. St. Clair, Pamela S. Hartman, R. Scott Daniels
Date: 10/2009
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Hawai'i State Office of Rural Health, National Center for Rural Health Works
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Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health
Online peer-reviewed journal published monthly focusing on multicultural and environmental aspects of the Hawaiian Islands and Pacific Rim region.
Type: Journal/Newsletter
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Hawaii Health Centers: Data and Maps
Provides maps of Federally Qualified Health Center (FQHC) locations and communities experiencing shortages of primary care physicians. Also includes information on the populations served by health centers, services provided, staff, and patient visits.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: National Association of Community Health Centers
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Healthy Hawaii Data Warehouse
Provides access to documents, reports, and statistics on health issues for the residents of Hawaii.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Hawaii State Department of Health
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ERS State Fact Sheet: Hawaii
State-level data on population, poverty, food security, educational attainment, employment, and income. Includes data for rural areas, urban areas, and the state as a whole.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: USDA Economic Research Service
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Hawaii KIDS COUNT Data Center (KCDC)
Provides data on child well-being for the state. Covers demographics, economic well-being, education, family and community, health, and safety and risky behaviors. Some data available by county.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Annie E. Casey Foundation
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Hawaii QuickFacts
State-level data on demographics, housing, income, and other social determinants of health, with the option to add data for counties and cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more. Includes information from multiple U.S. Census Bureau censuses, surveys, and programs.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau
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Hawaii State Health Facts
State-level data on demographics, health status, healthcare costs and access, healthcare providers, and more.
Type: Database
Sponsoring organization: Kaiser Family Foundation
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Additional resources are available. See a full list of Hawaii Resources.


Last Updated: 11/9/2018