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Indiana covers 35,867 square miles, with a 2017 estimated population of 6,666,818 people – 1,461,706 living in rural Indiana (USDA-ERS). Indianapolis, the capital, is located in the central part of the state. The state’s largest cities are Indianapolis, Fort Wayne, and Evansville. According to 2016 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 85.6% of the state’s population is white, 9.7% is African-American, 2.2% is Asian, 0.4% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.1% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 6.8% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Indiana Rural Healthcare Facilities

Indiana Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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There are 119 hospitals in Indiana (Kaiser, 2016). The state has 35 hospitals currently identified as Critical Access Hospitals (Flex Team, 7/2018). There are 67 Rural Health Clinics in Indiana (CMS, 2017), and 25 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 183 sites in the state (NACHC, 2016).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Indiana

7% of the Indiana residents lack any health insurance (Kaiser, 2016). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for all Indianan's in 2016 was $43,097 although rural per capita income lagged at $38,448. The ERS reports, based on 2016 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Indiana is 13.4%, compared with 14.3% in urban areas of the state. 14.3% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 11.2% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2012-2016 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Indiana is at 3.4% while in urban Indiana it is at 3.6% (USDA-ERS, 2017).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: Rural Health Clinic List; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Indiana State Office of Rural Health; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; National Association of Community Health Centers: Key Health Center Data By State; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Indiana State Office of Rural Health
Helps Indiana's rural communities build their healthcare delivery systems. Works to enhance the growth of public health services, funding sources, and education opportunities for every Indiana rural resident. Supports the Critical Access Hospital Medicare Rural Hospital Flexibility (Flex) Program and the Small Rural Hospital Improvement Program (SHIP). Located within the Indiana State Department of Health's Office of Primary Care.
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There are more organizations related to Indiana in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 6/5/2017