Indiana is in the Great Lakes region of the United States, with shoreline on Lake Michigan. The state is located in the Corn Belt, and most years has almost half of its cropland devoted to corn. Indiana covers 35,867 square miles, with a 2014 estimated population of 6,596,855 people – 1,471,860 living in rural Indiana (USDA-ERS). Indianapolis, the capital, is located in the central part of the state. The state’s largest cities are Indianapolis, Fort Wayne, and Evansville. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 86.1% of the state’s population is white, 9.6% is African-American/Black, 2.0% is Asian, 0.4% is American Indian, and 6.6% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (U.S. Census, 2014).

Indiana Rural Healthcare Facilities

Indiana Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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There are 121 hospitals in Indiana (Kaiser, 2014), 38 of which are located in rural areas (Indiana State Office of Rural Health, 2012). The state has 35 hospitals currently identified as Critical Access Hospitals (Flex Team, 12/2015). There are 65 Rural Health Clinics in Indiana (CMS, 2015), and 19 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 108 sites in the state (NACHC, 2013).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Indiana

Most Indianans have some form of health insurance coverage, although 11% of the state's residents lack any health insurance (Kaiser, 2014). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for all Indianan's in 2014 was $39,578 although rural per-capita income lagged at $36,396. The ERS reports, based on 2010-2014 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Indiana is 14.7%, compared with 15.8% in urban areas of the state. 14.9% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 11.6% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2010-2014 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Indiana is at 5.9% while in urban Indiana it is at 6.1% (USDA-ERS, 2014).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: Rural Health Clinic List; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Indiana State Office of Rural Health; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; National Association of Community Health Centers: Key Health Center Data By State; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Indiana State Office of Rural Health
Phone: 317.233.1325
Promotes the health of rural residents through public health services, funding sources, education, conferences, publications, and various initiatives. Oversees the Indiana Rural Hospital Flex Program and the Small Rural Hospital Improvement Grant Program. Located within the Indiana State Department of Health's Primary Care Office.
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