Indiana covers 35,867 square miles, with a 2019 estimated population of 6,732,219 people – 1,459,274 living in rural Indiana (USDA-ERS). Indianapolis, the capital, is located in the central part of the state. The state's largest cities are Indianapolis, Fort Wayne, and Evansville. According to 2018 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 85.1% of the state's population is white, 9.8% is African-American, 2.5% is Asian, 0.4% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.1% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 7.1% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.
Indiana Rural Healthcare Facilities
According to data.HRSA.gov, as of January 2020 Indiana had:
- 35 Critical Access Hospitals
- 77 Rural Health Clinics
- 51 Federally Qualified Health Center sites located outside of Urbanized Areas
- 26 short term hospitals located outside of Urbanized Areas
Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Indiana
7% of the Indiana residents lack any health insurance (Kaiser, 2017). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for all Indianan's in 2018 was $47,149 although rural per capita income lagged at $41,817. The ERS reports, based on 2018 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Indiana is 12.3%, compared with 13.2% in urban areas of the state. 13.5% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 10.8% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2014-2018 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Indiana is at 3.2% while in urban Indiana it is at 3.4% (USDA-ERS, 2019).For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.
Helps Indiana's rural communities build their healthcare delivery systems. Works to enhance the growth of public health services, funding sources, and education opportunities for every Indiana rural resident. Supports the Critical Access Hospital (CAH) Medicare Rural Hospital Flexibility (Flex) Program and the Small Rural Hospital Improvement Program (SHIP). Works within the Indiana State Department of Health's Office of Primary Care.
There are more organizations related to Indiana in the organizations section.
Last Reviewed: 4/1/2019