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Rural Health Information Hub


Indiana covers 35,867 square miles, with a 2021 estimated population of 6,805,985 people – 1,463,764 living in rural Indiana (USDA-ERS). Indianapolis, the capital, is located in the central part of the state. The state's largest cities are Indianapolis, Fort Wayne, and Evansville. According to 2021 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, an estimated 84.2% of the state's population is White, 10.2% is African-American, 2.7% is Asian, 0.4% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.1% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 7.7% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Indiana Rural Healthcare Facilities

Critical Access Hospitals
Rural Health Clinics
Federally Qualified Health Centers*
Short Term/PPS Hospitals*
*Sites located outside of Urbanized Areas according to April 2022.

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Indiana

6.1% of the Indiana residents lack any health insurance (Kaiser, 2020). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for all Indianans in 2020 was $51,926, with the rural per capita income at $46,092. The ERS reports, based on 2020 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Indiana is 11.0%, compared with 11.7% in urban areas of the state. 12.7% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 10.1% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2016-2020 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Indiana is at 3.0% while in urban Indiana it is at 3.7% (USDA-ERS, 2021).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Indiana State Office of Rural Health
Phone: 317.233.7734
Promotes the rural healthcare workforce and delivery systems in the state of Indiana and helps to coordinate efforts and resources. Supports the Critical Access Hospital (CAH) Medicare Rural Hospital Flexibility (Flex) Program and the Small Rural Hospital Improvement Program (SHIP). Works within the Indiana State Department of Health's Office of Primary Care.
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There are more organizations related to Indiana in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 4/11/2022