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Rural Health Information Hub

Formerly the
Rural Assistance Center



Kansas covers 82,227 square miles, with a 2016 estimated population of 2,907,289 people – 934,433 living in rural Kansas (USDA-ERS). Topeka, the capital, is located in the north-eastern region of the state. The state’s largest cities are Wichita, Overland Park and Kansas City. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 86.7% of the state’s population is white, 6.3% is Black/African-American, 1.2% is American Indian and Alaska Native, 2.9% is Asian, and 11.6% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (U.S. Census, 2015).

Kansas Rural Healthcare Facilities

Kansas Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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There are 127 community hospitals in Kansas (Kansas Hospital Association, 2012 Annual STAT Report). The state has 84 hospitals identified as Critical Access Hospitals (Flex Team, 2/2017). There are 167 Rural Health Clinics in Kansas (CMS, 2016), and 19 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 56 sites in the state (NACHC, 2015).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Kansas

10% of Kansas residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2015). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for Kansans in 2015 was $47,161, although rural per-capita income lagged at $41,351. The ERS reports, based on 2015 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Kansas is 14.1%, compared with 12.5% in urban areas of the state. 12.3% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 8.5% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2011-2015 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Kansas is at 4.2%, and in urban Kansas it is at 4.2% (USDA-ERS, 2015).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: Rural Health Clinic List; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; Kansas Hospital Association; National Association of Community Health Centers: Key Health Center Data By State; The Kansas Department of Health and Environment: Office of Rural Health; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Kansas State Office of Rural Health
Serves rural communities in Kansas. Collects and disseminates health information and links rural communities to programs that support rural health. Works with Kansas rural health clinics, CAHs, FLEX, rural hospitals, and underserved areas. Part of the Kansas Bureau of Community Health Systems, which is under the Kansas Department of Health and Environment.
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There are more organizations related to Kansas in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 12/1/2014