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Kansas covers 82,227 square miles, with a 2016 estimated population of 2,907,289 people – 934,433 living in rural Kansas (USDA-ERS). Topeka, the capital, is located in the north-eastern region of the state. The state’s largest cities are Wichita, Overland Park and Kansas City. According to 2016 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 86.6% of the state’s population is white, 6.2% is African-American, 3.0% is Asian, 1.2% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.1% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 11.6% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Kansas Rural Healthcare Facilities

Kansas Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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There are 131 hospitals in Kansas (Kaiser, 2015), 85 of which are identified as Critical Access Hospitals (Flex Team, 1/2018). There are 170 Rural Health Clinics in Kansas (CMS, 2017), and 19 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 56 sites in the state (NACHC, 2015).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Kansas

8% of Kansas residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2016). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for Kansans in 2016 was $47,228, although rural per-capita income lagged at $41,625. The ERS reports, based on 2016 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Kansas is 13.7%, compared with 11.4% in urban areas of the state. 12.1% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 8.5% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2012-2016 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Kansas is at 4.3%, and in urban Kansas it is at 4.1% (USDA-ERS, 2016).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: Rural Health Clinic List; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; Kansas Hospital Association; National Association of Community Health Centers: Key Health Center Data By State; The Kansas Department of Health and Environment: Office of Rural Health; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Kansas Office of Primary Care & Rural Health
Phone: 785.296.1500
Represents the rural and medically underserved communities in Kansas by helping them build accessible, sustainable, and quality patient-centered primary healthcare services. Supports retention of primary and rural healthcare providers, connects healthcare organizations to resources, data, and programs, and offers education and technical assistance.
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There are more organizations related to Kansas in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 7/12/2017