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Kansas covers 82,227 square miles, with a 2017 estimated population of 2,913,123 people – 926,998 living in rural Kansas (USDA-ERS). Topeka, the capital, is located in the north-eastern region of the state. The state’s largest cities are Wichita, Overland Park, and Kansas City. According to 2017 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 86.5% of the state’s population is white, 6.2% is African-American, 3.1% is Asian, 1.2% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.1% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 11.9% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Kansas Rural Healthcare Facilities

Kansas Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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According to, as of July 2018 Kansas had:

  • 84 Critical Access Hospitals
  • 172 Rural Health Clinics
  • 40 Federally Qualified Health Centers located outside of Urbanized Areas
  • 37 short term hospitals located outside of Urbanized Areas

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Kansas

9% of Kansas residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2017). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Kansans in 2016 was $47,228, although rural per capita income lagged at $41,625. The ERS reports, based on 2017 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Kansas is 13.6%, compared with 11.1% in urban areas of the state. 12.1% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 8.5% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2012-2016 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Kansas is at 3.5%, and in urban Kansas it is at 3.7% (USDA-ERS, 2017).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Kansas Office of Primary Care & Rural Health
Aids Kansas rural and medically underserved communities in building sustainable access to quality, patient-centered primary health care services. Focuses on supporting the primary care and rural health workforce, connecting local providers and partners to resources and programs, and strengthening system-wide performance improvement capacity.
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There are more organizations related to Kansas in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 11/28/2018