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Kansas covers 82,227 square miles, with a 2019 estimated population of 2,913,314 people – 911,973 living in rural Kansas (USDA-ERS). Topeka, the capital, is located in the north-eastern region of the state. The state's largest cities are Wichita, Overland Park, and Kansas City. According to 2018 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 86.4% of the state's population is white, 6.1% is African-American, 3.1% is Asian, 1.2% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.1% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 12.1% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Kansas Rural Healthcare Facilities

Kansas Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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According to, as of July 2020 Kansas had:

  • 83 Critical Access Hospitals
  • 171 Rural Health Clinics
  • 44 Federally Qualified Health Center sites located outside of Urbanized Areas
  • 31 short term hospitals located outside of Urbanized Areas

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Kansas

9% of Kansas residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2017). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Kansans in 2018 was $51,471, although rural per capita income lagged at $44,122. The ERS reports, based on 2018 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Kansas is 13.2%, compared with 11.4% in urban areas of the state. 11.7% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 8.1% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2014-2018 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Kansas is at 3.1%, and in urban Kansas it is at 3.2% (USDA-ERS, 2019).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Kansas Office of Primary Care & Rural Health
Aids rural and medically underserved communities in Kansas and helps build sustainable access to quality, patient-centered primary health care services. Focuses on supporting the primary care and rural health workforce, connecting local providers and partners to resources and programs, and strengthening system-wide performance improvement capacity.
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There are more organizations related to Kansas in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 11/10/2020