For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.
Massachusetts covers 7,840 square miles, with a 2021
population estimate of 6,984,723 people - 106,603 of
which live in rural areas (USDA-ERS). The eastern part of
the state is mostly urban and suburban including the city
of Boston and the surrounding metro-Boston area. However,
rural communities are located in central and western
Massachusetts except for the immediate areas of Worcester
and Springfield and in the coastal areas of the
southeastern part of the state. According to 2021 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, an estimated 79.8% of the state's population is White, 9.3% is African-American, 7.5% is Asian, 0.5% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.1% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 12.8% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.
Massachusetts Rural Healthcare Facilities
Critical Access Hospitals
Rural Health Clinics
Federally Qualified Health Centers*
Short Term/PPS Hospitals*
*Sites located outside of Urbanized Areas according to data.HRSA.gov
Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural
2.4% of Massachusetts residents lack health insurance
(Kaiser, 2020). According to the USDA Economic Research
Service, the average per capita income for Massachusetts
residents in 2020 was $78,458, with the rural per capita
income at $71,433. The ERS reports, based on 2020 ACS
data, that the poverty rate in rural Massachusetts is
9.5%, compared with 9.4% in urban areas of the state.
6.0% of the rural population has not completed high
school, while 9.0% of the urban population lacks a high
school diploma according to 2016-2020 ACS data reported
by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Massachusetts is
at 5.6%, while in urban Wisconsin it is at 5.7%
Foundation State Health Facts;
U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts;
USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets
Massachusetts Office of Rural Health
Phone: 508.792.7880 Ext. 2172
A component of the Massachusetts Department of Public Health which collects and disseminates information on rural health; coordinates resources and activities within rural communities; provides technical assistance for planning and development; strengthens local, state, and federal partnerships; and administers the Massachusetts Rural Hospital Flex and the SHIP programs.
There are more organizations related to Massachusetts
in the organizations section.
Last Reviewed: 11/24/2021