Michigan is surrounded by four of the Great Lakes and has the longest shoreline in the continental United States. The state's name is taken from the Indian word “Michigama,” meaning great or large lake. It is the only state made up of two peninsulas, the lower "Mitten" and the Upper Peninsula, or U.P. Michigan covers 56,804 square miles, with a 2014 estimated population of 9,909,877 people – 1,803,073 living in rural Michigan (USDA-ERS). Lansing, the capital, is located in the middle of Michigan's Lower Peninsula. The state’s largest cities are Detroit, Grand Rapids and Warren. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 80.1% of the state’s population is white, 14.3% is African-American/Black, 2.7% is Asian, and 4.7% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (2013).
Michigan Rural Healthcare Facilities
There are 151 hospitals in Michigan (Kaiser, 2013). The state has 36 hospitals identified as Critical Access Hospitals (Flex Team, 9/2015). There are 181 Rural Health Clinics in Michigan (CMS, 2015), and 33 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 201 sites in the state (NACHC, 2013).
Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Michigan
Most Michiganians have some form of health insurance coverage, although 11.0% of the state's residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2013). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for Michiganians in 2013 was $39,055, although rural per-capita income lagged at $33,548. Estimates from 2013 indicate a poverty rate of 17.2% exists in rural Michigan, compared to a 17.0% level in urban areas of the state. The ERS reports, based on 2009-2013 ACS data, that 11.3% of the rural population has not completed high school, compared to 11.0% of urban populations. The unemployment rate in rural Michigan is at 7.6% while in urban Michigan it is at 7.3% (USDA-ERS, 2014).For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: Rural Health Clinic List; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; National Association of Community Health Centers: Key Health Center Data By State; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets
Serves as the Michigan State Office of Rural Health and the Michigan State Rural Health Association. Coordinates resources and activities statewide, collects and disseminates information concerning rural health issues, promotes recruitment and retention of health professionals, and strengthens state/local/federal partnerships. Sponsors the Rural EMS Leadership Academy. Maintains maps and lists of CAHs and RHCs.
There are more organizations related to Michigan in the organizations section.