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Michigan is the only state made up of two peninsulas, the lower "Mitten" and the Upper Peninsula, or U.P. Michigan covers 56,804 square miles, with a 2016 estimated population of 9,928,300 people – 1,796,678 living in rural areas (USDA-ERS). Lansing, the capital, is located in the middle of Michigan's Lower Peninsula. The state’s largest cities are Detroit, Grand Rapids and Warren. According to 2016 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 79.6% of the state’s population is white, 14.2% is African-American, 3.1% is Asian, 0.7% is American Indian or Alaska Native, and 5.0% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Michigan Rural Healthcare Facilities

Michigan Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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There are 147 hospitals in Michigan (Kaiser, 2015). The state has 36 hospitals identified as Critical Access Hospitals (Flex Team, 1/2018). There are 195 Rural Health Clinics in Michigan (CMS, 2017), and 38 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 246 sites in the state (NACHC, 2015).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Michigan

6% of the Michigan residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2016). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for Michiganians in 2016 was $44,253, although rural per-capita income lagged at $36,875. The ERS reports, based on 2016 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Michigan is 15.4%, compared with 14.9% in urban areas of the state. 10.2% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 10.1% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2012-2016 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Michigan is at 5.5% while in urban Michigan it is at 4.8% (USDA-ERS, 2016).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: Rural Health Clinic List; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; National Association of Community Health Centers: Key Health Center Data By State; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Michigan Center for Rural Health
Phone: 517.355.7979
Serves as the Michigan State Office of Rural Health and the Michigan State Rural Health Association. Coordinates resources and activities statewide, collects and disseminates information concerning rural health issues, promotes recruitment and retention of health professionals, and strengthens state/local/federal partnerships.
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There are more organizations related to Michigan in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 7/19/2017