Nevada

Nevada is a land of vast open plains, sheep, cattle, spectacular deserts and magnificent mountains. It is home to more than 50 percent of the Nation's wild horses. Nevada attracted early settlers during the mining boom with the discovery of one of the largest silver lodes in the world at Comstock Mine. Mining still continues for gold, silver, copper, and other minerals and gems. Today Nevada attracts tourists from all over the world to its scenic resort areas and gambling casinos. Nevada covers 110,567 square miles, with a 2015 estimated population of 2,890,845 people – 270,633 living in rural Nevada (USDA-ERS). Carson City, the capital, is located in the western region of the state. The state’s largest cities are Las Vegas, Reno, Henderson and North Las Vegas. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 75.7% of the state’s population is white, 9.3% is African American/Black, 8.5% is Asian, 1.6% is American Indian & Alaska Native, and 28.1% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (U.S. Census, 2015).

Nevada Rural Healthcare Facilities

Nevada Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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There are 37 hospitals in Nevada (Kaiser, 2014), 13 of which are located in rural areas (North Carolina Rural Health Research and Policy Analysis Center, Dec. 2008). The state has 12 hospitals identified as Critical Access Hospitals (Flex Team, 12/2015). There are 12 Rural Health Clinics in Nevada (CMS, 2015), and 4 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 27 sites in the state (NACHC, 2014).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Nevada

Most Nevadans have some form of health insurance coverage, although 13% of its residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2014). According to the Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for Nevadans in 2014 was $40,742, although rural per-capita income rose above at $41,107. The ERS reports, based on 2010-2014 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Nevada is 13.7%, compared with 15.8% in urban areas of the state. 14.2% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 15.3% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2010-2014 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Nevada is at 7.1%, while in urban Nevada it is at 6.7% (USDA-ERS, 2015).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.


Data Sources
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: Rural Health Clinic List; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; National Association of Community Health Centers: Key Health Center Data By State; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets

Contacts

Nevada State Office of Rural Health
Provides technical assistance activities to rural communities through workshops, dissemination of information, and recruitment and retention of health care practitioners. A division of the Center for Education and Health Services Outreach at the University of Nevada School of Medicine.
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There are more organizations related to Nevada in the organizations section.