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New York

New York covers 47,214 square miles, with a 2017 estimated population of 19,849,399 people – with 1,376,268 people living in rural New York (USDA-ERS). Albany is the state capital. The state’s largest cities are New York, Buffalo and Rochester. According to 2017 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 69.6% of the state’s population is white, 17.7% is African-American, 9.1% is Asian, 1.0% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.1% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 19.2% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

New York Rural Healthcare Facilities

New York Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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There are 169 hospitals in New York (Kaiser, 2016), with 18 hospitals identified as Critical Access Hospitals (Flex Team, 7/2018). There are 9 Rural Health Clinics in New York (CMS, 2017), and 65 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 678 sites in the state (NACHC, 2017).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural New York

6% percent of New York residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2016). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for New York residents in 2016 was $59,563, although rural per capita income lagged at $38,963. The ERS reports, based on 2016 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural New York is 15.5%, compared with 14.7% in urban areas of the state. 12.1% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 14.2% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2012-2016 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural New York is 5.6%, and in urban New York it is 4.6% (USDA-ERS, 2017).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: Rural Health Clinic List; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; National Association of Community Health Centers: Key Health Center Data By State; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


New York State Office of Rural Health (Charles D. Cook Office of Rural Health)
Phone: 518.402.0102
A division of the New York State Department of Health focused on rural health issues for the state.
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There are more organizations related to New York in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 6/19/2017