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New York

New York covers 47,214 square miles, with a 2018 estimated population of 19,542,209 people – with 1,366,760 people living in rural New York (USDA-ERS). Albany is the state capital. The state's largest cities are New York, Buffalo and Rochester. According to 2018 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 69.7% of the state's population is white, 17.6% is African-American, 9.0% is Asian, 1.0% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.1% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 19.2% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

New York Rural Healthcare Facilities

New York Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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According to, as of April 2019 New York had:

  • 18 Critical Access Hospitals
  • 8 Rural Health Clinics
  • 90 Federally Qualified Health Center sites located outside of Urbanized Areas
  • 2 short term hospitals located outside of Urbanized Areas

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural New York

6% percent of New York residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2017). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for New York residents in 2017 was $64,540, although rural per capita income lagged at $41,138. The ERS reports, based on 2017 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural New York is 14.2%, compared with 14.1% in urban areas of the state. 11.7% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 14.0% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2013-2017 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural New York is 4.8%, and in urban New York it is 4.1% (USDA-ERS, 2018).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


New York State Office of Rural Health (Charles D. Cook Office of Rural Health)
Phone: 518.402.0102
A division of the New York State Department of Health focused on rural health issues for the state.
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There are more organizations related to New York in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 3/1/2019