New York covers 47,214 square miles, with a 2015 estimated population of 19,795,791 people – with 1,389,788 people living in rural New York (USDA-ERS). Albany is the state capital. The state’s largest cities are New York, Buffalo and Rochester. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 70.1% of the state’s population is white, 17.6% is Black/African-American, 8.8% is Asian, and 18.8% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (U.S. Census, 2015).
New York Rural Healthcare Facilities
There are 174 hospitals in New York (Kaiser, 2014), with 18 hospitals identified as Critical Access Hospitals (Flex Team, 10/2016). There are 9 Rural Health Clinics in New York (CMS, 2016), and 65 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 590 sites in the state (NACHC, 2015).
Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural New York
8% percent of New York residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2014). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for New York residents in 2014 was $55,611, although rural per-capita income lagged at $37,089. The ERS reports, based on 2010-2014 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural New York is 15.8%, compared with 15.6% in urban areas of the state. 12.7% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 14.8% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2010-2014 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural New York is 5.9%, and in urban New York it is 5.3% (USDA-ERS, 2015).For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: Rural Health Clinic List; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; National Association of Community Health Centers: Key Health Center Data By State; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets
A division of the New York State Department of Health and focuses on rural health issues.
There are more organizations related to New York in the organizations section.
Last Reviewed: 4/3/2014