For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.
New York covers 47,214 square miles, with a 2020
estimated population of 20,201,249 people – with
1,364,433 people living in rural New York (USDA-ERS).
Albany is the state capital. The state's largest cities
are New York, Buffalo and Rochester. According to 2021
data from the U.S. Census Bureau, an estimated 69.6% of the state's
population is white, 17.6% is African-American, 9.0% is
Asian, 1.0% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.1% is
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 19.3% is
of Hispanic or Latino origin.
New York Rural Healthcare Facilities
Critical Access Hospitals
Rural Health Clinics
Federally Qualified Health Centers*
Short Term/PPS Hospitals*
*Sites located outside of Urbanized Areas according to data.HRSA.gov
Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural New York
4.6% percent of New York residents lack health insurance
(Kaiser, 2020). According to the USDA Economic Research
Service, the average per capita income for New York
residents in 2020 was $74,472, with the rural per capita
income at $47,934. The ERS reports, based on 2019 ACS
data, that the poverty rate in rural New York is 14.9%,
compared with 12.9% in urban areas of the state. 11.1% of
the rural population has not completed high school, while
13.3% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma
according to 2015-2019 ACS data reported by ERS. The
unemployment rate in rural New York is 8.1%, and in urban
New York it is 10.1% (USDA-ERS, 2020).
Foundation State Health Facts;
U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts;
USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets
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