Skip to main content
Rural Health Information Hub

New York

New York covers 47,214 square miles, with a 2020 estimated population of 20,201,249 people – with 1,364,433 people living in rural New York (USDA-ERS). Albany is the state capital. The state's largest cities are New York, Buffalo and Rochester. According to 2021 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, an estimated 69.6% of the state's population is white, 17.6% is African-American, 9.0% is Asian, 1.0% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.1% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 19.3% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

New York Rural Healthcare Facilities

18
Critical Access Hospitals
47
Rural Health Clinics
98
Federally Qualified Health Centers*
39
Short Term/PPS Hospitals*
*Sites located outside of Urbanized Areas according to data.HRSA.gov. January 2022.

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural New York

4.6% percent of New York residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2020). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for New York residents in 2020 was $74,472, with the rural per capita income at $47,934. The ERS reports, based on 2019 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural New York is 14.9%, compared with 12.9% in urban areas of the state. 11.1% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 13.3% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2015-2019 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural New York is 8.1%, and in urban New York it is 10.1% (USDA-ERS, 2020).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.


Data Sources
Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets

Contacts

New York State Office of Rural Health (Charles D. Cook Office of Rural Health)
Phone: 518.402.0102
Email: orh@health.ny.gov
A division of the New York State Department of Health focused on rural health issues for the state.
view details

There are more organizations related to New York in the organizations section.


Last Reviewed: 3/24/2021