North Carolina covers 48,711 square miles, with a 2014 estimated population of 9,943,964 people – with 2,206,108 people living in rural North Carolina (USDA-ERS). Raleigh is the state capital. The state’s largest cities are Charlotte, Raleigh and Greensboro. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 71.7% of the state’s population is white, 22.0% is Black/African-American, and 8.9% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (2013).
North Carolina Rural Healthcare Facilities
There are 117 hospitals in North Carolina (Kaiser, 2013), 21 of which are identified as Critical Access Hospitals (Flex Team, 9/2015). There are 89 Rural Health Clinics in North Carolina (CMS, 2015) and 33 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 201 sites in the state (NACHC, 2013).
Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural North Carolina
16.0% of North Carolina residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2013). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for North Carolina residents in 2013 was $38,683, although rural per-capita income lagged at $32,553. Estimates from 2013 indicate a poverty rate of 22.3% exists in rural North Carolina, compared to 16.6% in urban areas of the state. The ERS reports, based on 2009-2013 ACS data, that 19.9% of the rural population has not completed high school, compared to 13.6% of urban populations. The unemployment rate in rural North Carolina is 7.3%, while in urban North Carolina it is 5.8% (USDA-ERS, 2014).For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: Rural Health Clinic List; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; National Association of Community Health Centers: Key Health Center Data By State; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets
Provides technical assistance to small hospitals and community health centers in rural and medically underserved communities, recruits health care providers to work in rural and medically underserved communities, and provides grants for community health centers.
There are more organizations related to North Carolina in the organizations section.