For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.
North Carolina covers 48,711 square miles, with a 2020
estimated population of 10,439,388 people – with
2,144,207 people living in rural North Carolina
(USDA-ERS). Raleigh is the state capital. The state's
largest cities are Charlotte, Raleigh, and Greensboro.
According to 2021 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, an estimated 70.6%
of the state's population is white, 22.2% is
African-American, 3.2% is Asian, 1.6% is American Indian
or Alaska Native, 0.1% is Native Hawaiian or Other
Pacific Islander, and 9.8% is of Hispanic or Latino
North Carolina Rural Healthcare Facilities
Critical Access Hospitals
Rural Health Clinics
Federally Qualified Health Centers*
Short Term/PPS Hospitals*
*Sites located outside of Urbanized Areas according to data.HRSA.gov
Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural North
10.0% of North Carolina residents lack health insurance
(Kaiser, 2020). According to the USDA Economic Research
Service, the average per capita income for North Carolina
residents in 2020 was $50,305, with the rural per capita
income at $41,306. The ERS reports, based on 2019 ACS
data, that the poverty rate in rural North Carolina is
18.0%, compared with 12.4% in urban areas of the state.
16.4% of the rural population has not completed high
school, while 11.0% of the urban population lacks a high
school diploma according to 2015-2019 ACS data reported
by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural North Carolina is
7.4%, while in urban North Carolina it is 7.3% (USDA-ERS,
Family Foundation State Health Facts;
U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts;
USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets
North Carolina Office of Rural Health
Provides technical assistance to small hospitals and community health centers in rural and medically underserved communities, recruits healthcare providers to work in these communities, and provides grants for community health centers.
There are more organizations related to North Carolina
in the organizations section.