North Dakota

North Dakota is named after the Dakota Indian Tribes who were the early inhabitants of the region. Dakota is most often referred to mean “friends” or “allies.” It is home to the International Peace Garden that straddles the border between the United States and Manitoba, Canada. North Dakota covers 68,976 square miles, with a 2014 estimated population of 739,482 people - 375,742 living in rural North Dakota (USDA-ERS). Bismarck, the capital, is located in the south-central region of the state. The state’s largest cities are Bismarck, Fargo, Grand Forks and Minot. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 89.1% of the state’s population is white, 5.4% is American Indian & Alaska Native, and 3.2% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (U.S. Census, 2014).

North Dakota Rural Healthcare Facilities

North Dakota Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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There are 55 certified hospitals in North Dakota (Kaiser, 2013). The state has 36 hospitals identified as Critical Access Hospitals (Flex Team, 12/2015). There are 54 Rural Health Clinics in North Dakota (CMS, 2015) and 4 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 16 sites in the state (NACHC, 2013).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural North Dakota

Most North Dakotans have some form of health insurance coverage, although 9% of its residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2014). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for North Dakotans in 2014 was $55,802, although rural per-capita income rose above at $61,243. The ERS reports, based on 2010-2014 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural North Dakota is 11.3%, compared with 12.5% in urban areas of the state. 10.7% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 6.4% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2010-2014 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural North Dakota is 2.8%, while in urban North Dakota it is 2.7% (USDA-ERS, 2014).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; National Association of Community Health Centers: Key Health Center Data By State; North Dakota Department of Health; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


North Dakota State Office of Rural Health
Phone: 701.777.3848
Helps North Dakota's rural communities build healthcare services through collaborations and initiatives. Works with hospitals and facilities, Medicare Rural Hospital Flexibility Program, Small Rural Hospital Improvement Program, and grant development assistance. A division within the University of North Dakota's Center for Rural Health.
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There are more organizations related to North Dakota in the organizations section.