The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI)
is a group of 14 islands in the North Pacific Ocean. It
is a self-governing Commonwealth of the United States,
and its residents are U.S. citizens. Saipan, the capital,
is located on the main island of Saipan. CNMI has a
landmass of 464 square kilometers and a population of
51,994 (CIA, 2018).
According to the 2010 Census, 49.9% of the population is
Asian, 34.9% is native Pacific Islander, 2.1% white, 0.1%
African-American/Black, 0.1% Hispanic or Latino, and 0.7%
other. While many residents speak English, most speak
another language as well, with the Philippine languages,
Asian languages, and Chamorro being the most common.
The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands has one
hospital, the Commonwealth Health Center, an 86-bed
Medicare-certified hospital, located on the island of
Saipan. The Community Guidance Center, also on Saipan,
provides mental health and substance abuse services.
Health centers provide health care services on the
neighboring islands of Rota and Tinian. According to the
WHO Western Pacific Regional Office, in 1999 the CNMI was
served by 31 physicians, 3 dentists, 4 pharmacists, and
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the median household
income for CNMI residents in 2009 was $19,958. Data from
the 2010 Census finds that 82.4% of residents completed
high school. Approximately 72.3% of the population 16
years and older is part of the labor force, 8.1% are
For additional resources and information, see Pacific Territories,
Commonwealth, and Freely Associated States.
CIA World Fact Book: Northern Mariana Islands;
U.S. Census 2010; U.S.
Affiliated Pacific Basin Jurisdictions: Legal, Geographic
and Demographic Information