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Oklahoma covers 68,667 square miles, with a 2018 estimated population of 3,943,079 people – 1,335,480 living in rural Oklahoma (USDA-ERS). Oklahoma City, the state capital, is the largest city in the state. The state's other large cities include: Tulsa, Norman and Lawton. According to 2018 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 74.2% of the state's population is white, 7.8% is African-American, 2.3% is Asian, 9.3% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.2% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 10.9% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Oklahoma Rural Healthcare Facilities

Oklahoma Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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According to, as of April 2019 Oklahoma had:

  • 39 Critical Access Hospitals
  • 87 Rural Health Clinics
  • 76 Federally Qualified Health Center sites located outside of Urbanized Areas
  • 49 short term hospitals located outside of Urbanized Areas

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Oklahoma

Most Oklahomans have some form of health insurance coverage, although 14% of its residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2017). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Oklahomans in 2017 was $44,376, although rural per capita income lagged at $37,256. The ERS reports, based on 2017 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Oklahoma is 18.9%, compared with 14.4% in urban areas of the state. 14.3% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 11.5% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2013-2017 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Oklahoma is 3.5%, while in urban Oklahoma, it is 3.3% (USDA-ERS, 2018).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Oklahoma Office of Rural Health
Phone: 405.945.8608
Works with rural communities to ensure their healthcare infrastructure is effective and economically viable by broadening and improving the access and quality of healthcare services, stabilizing rural hospital finances, and educating the public and policymakers about rural health issues.
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There are more organizations related to Oklahoma in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 7/30/2019