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Oregon covers 95,997 square miles, with a 2019 estimated population of 4,217,737 people – 680,754 living in rural Oregon (USDA-ERS). Salem, the capital, is located in the northwestern region of the state. The state's largest cities are Portland, Eugene and Salem. According to 2019 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 86.7% of the state's population is white, 2.2% is African-American, 4.9% is Asian, 1.8% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.5% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 13.4% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Oregon Rural Healthcare Facilities

Oregon Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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According to, as of April 2021 Oregon had:

  • 25 Critical Access Hospitals
  • 104 Rural Health Clinics
  • 75 Federally Qualified Health Center sites located outside of Urbanized Areas
  • 10 short term hospitals located outside of Urbanized Areas

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Oregon

7.1% of Oregonians lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2019). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Oregonians in 2019 was $53,191, with the rural per capita income at $43,531. The ERS reports, based on 2019 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Oregon is 13.8%, compared with 11.0% in urban areas of the state. 11.9% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 8.8% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2015-2019 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Oregon is 4.7%, while in urban Oregon it is 3.6% (USDA-ERS, 2019).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Oregon Office of Rural Health
Phone: 503.494.4450
Works to improve the quality, availability, and accessibility of healthcare for rural Oregon residents. Offers assistance to hospitals, clinics, and communities to strengthen the rural healthcare delivery system. Provides technical assistance to rural communities, recruits healthcare providers, and serves as a clearinghouse for information and data on rural health issues.
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There are more organizations related to Oregon in the organizations section.