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Oregon covers 95,997 square miles, with a 2017 estimated population of 4,142,776 people – 669,654 living in rural Oregon (USDA-ERS). Salem, the capital, is located in the northwestern region of the state. The state’s largest cities are Portland, Eugene and Salem. According to 2017 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 87.1% of the state’s population is white, 2.2% is African-American, 4.7% is Asian, 1.8% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.4% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 13.1% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Oregon Rural Healthcare Facilities

Oregon Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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There are 59 hospitals in Oregon (Kaiser, 2016), 25 of which are identified as Critical Access Hospitals (Flex Team, 7/2018). There are 83 Rural Health Clinics in Oregon (CMS, 2017), and 30 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 230 sites in the state (NACHC, 2017).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Oregon

5% of Oregonians lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2016). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Oregonians in 2016 was $45,399, although rural per capita income lagged at $38,224. The ERS reports, based on 2016 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Oregon is 15.4%, compared with 13.0% in urban areas of the state. 12.6% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 9.5% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2012-2016 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Oregon is 5.1%, while in urban Oregon it is 4.0% (USDA-ERS, 2017).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: Rural Health Clinic List; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; National Association of Community Health Centers: Key Health Center Data By State; Oregon Office of Rural Health; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Oregon Office of Rural Health
Phone: 503.494.4450
Works to improve the quality, availability, and accessibility of health care for rural Oregonians. Offers assistance to hospitals, clinics, and communities to strengthen the rural health care delivery system. Provides technical assistance to rural communities, recruits health care providers, and serves as a clearinghouse for information and data on rural health issues.
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There are more organizations related to Oregon in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 11/7/2016