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Oregon covers 95,997 square miles, with a 2018 estimated population of 4,190,713 people – 675,582 living in rural Oregon (USDA-ERS). Salem, the capital, is located in the northwestern region of the state. The state's largest cities are Portland, Eugene and Salem. According to 2018 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 86.8% of the state's population is white, 2.2% is African-American, 4.8% is Asian, 1.8% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.5% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 13.3% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Oregon Rural Healthcare Facilities

Oregon Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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According to, as of April 2019 Oregon had:

  • 25 Critical Access Hospitals
  • 98 Rural Health Clinics
  • 74 Federally Qualified Health Center sites located outside of Urbanized Areas
  • 48 short term hospitals located outside of Urbanized Areas

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Oregon

7% of Oregonians lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2017). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Oregonians in 2017 was $48,137, although rural per capita income lagged at $39,588. The ERS reports, based on 2017 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Oregon is 15.4%, compared with 12.8% in urban areas of the state. 12.4% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 9.2% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2013-2017 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Oregon is 5.2%, while in urban Oregon it is 4.0% (USDA-ERS, 2018).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Oregon Office of Rural Health
Phone: 503.494.4450
Works to improve the quality, availability, and accessibility of healthcare for rural Oregon residents. Offers assistance to hospitals, clinics, and communities to strengthen the rural health care delivery system. Provides technical assistance to rural communities, recruits healthcare providers, and serves as a clearinghouse for information and data on rural health issues.
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There are more organizations related to Oregon in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 11/5/2018