Oregon covers 95,997 square miles, with a 2016 estimated population of 4,093,465 people – 663,408 living in rural Oregon (USDA-ERS). Salem, the capital, is located in the northwestern region of the state. The state’s largest cities are Portland, Eugene and Salem. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 87.6% of the state’s population is white, 4.4% is Asian, 2.1% is Black/African American, 1.8% is American Indian & Alaska Native, and 12.7% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (U.S. Census, 2015).
Oregon Rural Healthcare Facilities
There are 59 hospitals in Oregon (Kaiser, 2015), 25 of which are identified as Critical Access Hospitals (Flex Team, 2/2017). There are 80 Rural Health Clinics in Oregon (CMS, 2016), and 31 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 214 sites in the state (NACHC, 2015).
Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Oregon
7% of Oregonians lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2015). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for Oregonians in 2015 was $43,783, although rural per-capita income lagged at $37,332. The ERS reports, based on 2015 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Oregon is 17.5%, compared with 14.9% in urban areas of the state. 12.7% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 9.7% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2011-2015 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Oregon is 5.9%, while in urban Oregon it is 4.7% (USDA-ERS, 2016).For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: Rural Health Clinic List; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; National Association of Community Health Centers: Key Health Center Data By State; Oregon Office of Rural Health; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets
Coordinates efforts to improve rural health systems, provides technical assistance to rural communities, recruits health care providers, advises hospitals about the Critical Access Hospital option, and serves as a clearinghouse for information and data on rural health issues.
There are more organizations related to Oregon in the organizations section.
Last Reviewed: 11/7/2016