Oregon is a picturesque landscape of vast forests, volcanic peaks, fertile valleys, plateaus, and a rugged ocean coastline. With its large reserves of standing trees, Oregon is a leading producer of lumber and plywood, having to consistently balance the needs of the timber industry with environmental concerns. Oregon covers 95,997 square miles, with a 2014 estimated population of 3,970,239 people – 652,031 living in rural Oregon (USDA-ERS). Salem, the capital, is located in the northwestern region of the state. The state’s largest cities are Portland, Eugene and Salem. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 87.9% of the state’s population is white, 4.3% is Asian, 2.0% is Black/African American, 1.8% is American Indian & Alaska Native, and 12.5% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (U.S. Census, 2014).

Oregon Rural Healthcare Facilities

Oregon Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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According to the Oregon Office of Rural Health there are 58 hospitals in the state with 35 of these being identified as rural hospitals. 25 of the rural hospitals are designated as Critical Access Hospitals (Flex Team, 12/2015). Also, there are 71 Rural Health Clinics in Oregon (CMS, 2015), and 29 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 208 sites in the state (NACHC, 2013).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Oregon

Most Oregonians have some form of health insurance coverage, although 8% of its residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2014). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for Oregonians in 2014 was $41,220, although rural per-capita income lagged at $35,249. The ERS reports, based on 2010-2014 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Oregon is 18.4%, compared with 16.4% in urban areas of the state. 13.0% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 10.0% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2010-2014 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Oregon is at 8.4%, while in urban Oregon it is at 6.7% (USDA-ERS, 2014).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: Rural Health Clinic List; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; National Association of Community Health Centers: Key Health Center Data By State; Oregon Office of Rural Health; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Oregon Office of Rural Health
Phone: 503.494.4450
Email: ruralweb@ohsu.edu
Coordinates efforts to improve rural health systems, provides technical assistance to rural communities, recruits health care providers, advises hospitals about the Critical Access Hospital option, and serves as a clearinghouse for information and data on rural health issues.
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