Oregon is a picturesque landscape of vast forests, volcanic peaks, fertile valleys, plateaus, and a rugged ocean coastline. With its large reserves of standing trees, Oregon is a leading producer of lumber and plywood, having to consistently balance the needs of the timber industry with environmental concerns. Oregon covers 95,997 square miles, with a 2014 estimated population of 3,970,239 people – 652,031 living in rural Oregon (USDA-ERS). Salem, the capital, is located in the northwestern region of the state. The state’s largest cities are Portland, Eugene and Salem. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 88.1% of the state’s population is white, 4.1% is Asian, 2.0% is Black/African American, 1.8% is American Indian & Alaska Native, and 12.3% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (2013).
Oregon Rural Healthcare Facilities
According to the Oregon Office of Rural Health there are 58 hospitals in the state with 29 of these being identified as rural hospitals. 25 of the rural hospitals are designated as Critical Access Hospitals (Flex Team, 9/2015). Also, there are 71 Rural Health Clinics in Oregon (CMS, 2015), and 29 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 208 sites in the state (NACHC, 2013).
Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Oregon
Most Oregonians have some form of health insurance coverage, although 13.0% of its residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2013). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for Oregonians in 2013 was $39,848, although rural per-capita income lagged at $34,726. Estimates from 2013 indicate a poverty rate of 18.8% exists in rural Oregon, compared to a 16.1% level in urban areas of the state. The ERS reports, based on 2009-2013 ACS data, that 13.0% of the rural population has not completed high school, compared to 10.1% of urban populations. The unemployment rate in rural Oregon is at 8.4%, while in urban Oregon it is at 6.7% (USDA-ERS, 2014).For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: Rural Health Clinic List; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; National Association of Community Health Centers: Key Health Center Data By State; Oregon Office of Rural Health; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets
Coordinates efforts to improve rural health systems, provides technical assistance to rural communities, recruits health care providers, advises hospitals about the Critical Access Hospital option, and serves as a clearinghouse for information and data on rural health issues.
There are more organizations related to Oregon in the organizations section.