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Tennessee covers 41,217 square miles, with a 2019 estimated population of 6,829,174 people – with 1,524,020 living in rural Tennessee (USDA-ERS). Nashville is the state capital. The state's largest cities are Memphis, Nashville, and Knoxville. According to 2019 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 78.4% of the state's population is white, 17.1% is African-American, 2.0% is Asian, 0.5% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.1% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 5.7% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Tennessee Rural Healthcare Facilities

Tennessee Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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According to, as of April 2021 Tennessee had:

  • 15 Critical Access Hospitals
  • 169 Rural Health Clinics
  • 94 Federally Qualified Health Center sites located outside of Urbanized Areas
  • 42 short term hospitals located outside of Urbanized Areas

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Tennessee

102% of Tennessee residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2019). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Tennessee residents in 2019 was $48,684, with the rural per capita income at $37,441. The ERS reports, based on 2019 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Tennessee is 16.3%, compared with 13.1% in urban areas of the state. 16.9% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 11.2% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2015-2019 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Tennessee is 4.1%, while in urban Tennessee, it is 3.2% (USDA-ERS, 2019).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Tennessee Office of Rural Health
Phone: 615.741.0380
Works to improve and enhance the accessibility, availability, and affordability of quality healthcare in Tennessee by creating a central focus and coordination of rural healthcare resources. A division of the Tennessee Department of Health.
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There are more organizations related to Tennessee in the organizations section.