Tennessee covers 41,217 square miles, with a 2016 estimated population of 6,651,194 people – with 1,502,039 living in rural Tennessee (USDA-ERS). Nashville is the state capital. The state’s largest cities are Memphis, Nashville, and Knoxville. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 78.8% of the state’s population is white, 17.1% is Black/African-American, and 5.2% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (U.S. Census, 2015).
Tennessee Rural Healthcare Facilities
There are 121 hospitals in Tennessee (Kaiser, 2015), 14 of which are identified as Critical Access Hospitals (Flex Team, 7/2017). There are 112 Rural Health Clinics in Tennessee (CMS, 2017) and 29 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 179 sites in the state (NACHC, 2015).
Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Tennessee
11% of Tennessee residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2015). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for Tennessee residents in 2015 was $42,094, although rural per-capita income lagged at $33,232. The ERS reports, based on 2015 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Tennessee is 19.5%, compared with 15.9% in urban areas of the state. 19.5% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 13.0% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2011-2015 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Tennessee is 5.8%, while in urban Tennessee, it is 4.6% (USDA-ERS, 2016).For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: Rural Health Clinic List; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; National Association of Community Health Centers: Key Health Center Data By State; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets
Works to improve and enhance the accessibility, availability, and affordability of quality healthcare in Tennessee by creating a central focus and coordination of rural healthcare resources. A division of the Tennessee Department of Health.
There are more organizations related to Tennessee in the organizations section.
Last Reviewed: 11/17/2014