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Rural Health Information Hub

Virginia Resources

Traffic Safety in Appalachia: Final Report
Defines the traffic safety culture in Appalachia and discusses causes of common safety problems in the region, including drug- and alcohol-impaired driving. Explores environmental concerns of Appalachian drivers, such as expansive rural regions, mountainous and curved terrain, and dense forests exposed to extreme weather elements. Includes analysis of Appalachian traffic fatalities, fatal crash data statistics, and an evaluation of the Appalachian Development Highway System as a possible intervention measure for treating traffic safety problems. Also includes a case study of severe crashes in Appalachian North Carolina, featuring statistics with breakdowns by rural and urban areas.
Additional links: Research Brief
Author(s): Wesley Kumfer, Katherine Harmon, Bo Lan, et al.
Date: 02/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Appalachian Regional Commission
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Virginia's Physician Workforce: 2020
An overview of the physician workforce in Virginia based on data from the 2020 Physician Workforce Survey. Features statistics including the number of physicians in rural Virginia and how many grew up in rural areas.
Date: 01/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Virginia Department of Health Professions
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Hospital Access in the Fifth District and COVID-19
Examines hospital access in West Virginia, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Maryland, and Washington D.C. Discusses concerns raised by the COVID-19 pandemic and provides state- and county-level statistics and data on number of hospital beds per capita, average distance to nearest hospitals, and more.
Author(s): Surekha Carpenter, Tim Sablik
Date: 04/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond
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Virginia's Occupational Therapy Assistant Workforce: 2020
An overview of the occupational therapy assistant (OTA) workforce in Virginia based on data from the 2020 Occupational Therapy Assistant Workforce Survey. Features statistics including the number of OTAs in rural Virginia and how many grew up in rural areas.
Date: 03/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Virginia Department of Health Professions
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Suppers in Virginia Give Rural Folks a Chance to Meet and Share Information
Describes community suppers, which are events organized by the Virginia State Office of Rural Health (VA SORH) to encourage health-related discussion among rural community members. Topics include wellness, examples of community success, and suggestions for improvement.
Author(s): Beth Blevins
Date: 02/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Organization of State Offices of Rural Health
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Access to Autism Spectrum Disorder Services for Rural Appalachian Citizens
Summarizes the challenges of accessibility and affordability faced by residents of rural southwest Virginia as they seek services for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Highlights the effects of extreme poverty and the need for cultural sensitivity among service providers. Offers suggestions for policymakers and features demographic statistics on caregivers and providers.
Author(s): Angela Scarpa, Laura S. Jensen, Denis Gracanin, Sharon L. Ramey, Angela V. Dahiya
Citation: Journal of Appalachian Health, 2(1), 25-40
Date: 2020
Type: Document
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Identifying Priority and "Bright-Spot" Counties for Diabetes Preventive Care in Appalachia: An Exploratory Analysis
Details a study of type 2 diabetes prevalence and mortality in rural Appalachian counties and compares rates with non-Appalachian counties.
Author(s): Peter J. Mallow, Michael Topmiller, Jennifer Rankin, Jene Grandmont, David Grolling
Citation: Journal of Appalachian Health, 1(1), 27-33
Date: 2019
Type: Document
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The Social Determinants of Health and the Decline in U.S. Life Expectancy: Implications for Appalachia
Study explores life expectancy in the U.S. and compares these trends to those in Appalachia. Looks at social determinants of health such as substance use, injuries, and suicide, among others, as possible contributing factors.
Author(s): Steven H. Woolf, Heidi Schoomaker, Latoya Hill, Christine M. Orndahl
Citation: Journal of Appalachian Health, 1(1), 6-14
Date: 2019
Type: Document
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Network Spotlight: Strength in Peers
Interview with Nicky Fadley, network director of Strength in Peers, a coalition of nonprofit and public organizations providing behavioral health services in two rural Virginia counties. Provides an overview of the network's work and goals. Covers network accomplishments, advice for those developing a rural health network, and network initiatives to strengthen community engagement.
Date: 12/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Rural Health Resource Center
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Factors Affecting the Development of Medicaid Hospital Payment Policies: Findings from Structured Interviews in Five States
Study examining Medicaid hospital payment policies with a focus on factors affecting payment mix and structure, the impact of state policies and financing methods, how states target hospital services or types such as rural hospitals, barriers to and drivers of change to payment methods, and more. Focuses on five states that made or are making significant hospital policy changes: Arizona, Louisiana, Michigan, Mississippi, and Virginia. Appendix B includes state profiles.
Author(s): Thomas Marks, Kathy Gifford, Steven Perlin, Melisa Byrd, Timothy Beger
Date: 10/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Medicaid and CHIP Payment and Access Commission
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Additional resources are available. See a full list of Virginia Resources.


Last Updated: 9/2/2022