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Rural Health
Resources by State: California

Community Health Worker Roles and Responsibilities in Rural and Urban America
Results of a study to explore community health worker (CHW) roles and responsibilities, the growing professionalization of the field, and interactions between CHWs and other healthcare providers. Uses data obtained from focus groups conducted in Florida, Minnesota, California, and Massachusetts. Provides an in-depth look at the differences between CHW work in rural and urban areas, and offers insights to support continued growth of the field.
Author(s): Timothy H. Callaghan, David J. Washburn, Cason D. Schmit, et al.
Date: 11/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Southwest Rural Health Research Center
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Agua4All: Providing Safe Drinking Water in Rural California Communities
Describes a safe drinking water program established in 2014 in 2 rural San Joaquin Valley communities. Examines the program's feasibility, acceptability, and effect on residents' water intake at 12 study sites. Features statistics including demographic characteristics of the communities, and daily volume of drinking water at the study sites from 2014-2016.
Author(s): Anisha I. Patel, Amelie A. Hecht, Karla E. Hampton, Christina Hecht, Sarah Buck
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 16
Date: 11/2019
Type: Document
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Beyond the Numbers: Access to Reproductive Health Care for Low-Income Women in Five Communities
Highlights the key findings, major themes, and the extent of the challenges faced by low-income women in accessing reproductive and sexual healthcare in urban and rural areas. Identifies promising practices developed by providers to address barriers to care and improve access to healthcare.
Author(s): Usha Ranji, Michelle Long, Alina Salganicoff, et al.
Date: 11/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Health Management Associates, Kaiser Family Foundation
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California's Midwives: How Scope of Practice Laws Impact Care
Compares the scope of practice, professional licensures, regulatory systems, and educational requirements for licensed midwives (LMs) and nurse-midwives (NMs) in California. Appendix provides per capita distribution data for midwives by county within the state.
Author(s): Connie Kwong, Margot Brooks, Kim Q. Dau, Joanne Spetz
Date: 10/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Healthforce Center at UCSF
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Primary Care Clinician and Clinic Director Experiences of Professional Bias, Harassment, and Discrimination in an Underserved Agricultural Region of California
Results of interviews with 26 San Joaquin Valley clinicians and clinic directors from December 2017 to December 2018, to examine their experiences of isolation and harassment. Includes demographic statistics on participants.
Author(s): Michelle Ko, Armin Dorri
Citation: JAMA Network Open 2(10)
Date: 10/2019
Type: Document
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Serving Rural America: Health Insurance Providers at Work
Offers 5 case studies to showcase the ways in which health insurance providers are working to ensure access to high quality healthcare in rural areas. Examples feature 8 insurance providers in Maryland, Pennsylvania, California, and Oregon sharing different approaches to healthcare delivery, financing, and community engagement.
Date: 09/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: America's Health Insurance Plans
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Maternal Mortality in the United States
Provides an overview of maternal mortality in the United States. Discusses the increase in maternal mortality rates and factors that contribute to maternal deaths. Includes information specific to rural maternal mortality. Identifies policy solutions, including state maternal mortality review committees, and highlights efforts in California and North Carolina to address maternal mortality.
Author(s): Tara O'Neill Hayes, Carly McNeil
Date: 09/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: American Action Forum
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The Prevalence of Mental Illness and Substance Abuse Among Rural Latino Adults with Multiple Adverse Childhood Experiences in California
Presents a study on the role of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) in adult mental health and substance use issues among rural Latinos in California. Breaks down participants by age, sex, income, and education, among other measures.
Author(s): IrĂ¡n Barrera, Vrinda Sharma, Yumiko Aratani
Citation: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, 21, 971-976
Date: 08/2019
Type: Document
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Scaling Up Hepatitis C Prevention and Treatment Interventions for Achieving Elimination in the United States: A Rural and Urban Comparison
Details a study on hepatitis C treatment and prevention interventions for people who use drugs in rural and urban areas. Compares the results of medication-assisted treatment (MAT) and syringe service program (SSP) interventions in rural Perry County, Kentucky and urban San Fransisco, California.
Author(s): Hannah Fraser, Claudia Vellozzi, Thomas J Hoerger, et al.
Citation: American Journal of Epidemiology, 188(8), 1539-1551
Date: 08/2019
Type: Document
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Promising Practice: Educational Partnership Reaches Rural California Communities
Details a promising practice that works to expand health literacy among rural Latinos in California through a partnership between the California State Office of Rural Health and the California Department of Public Health's Office of Binational Border Health. Details the way the program is reaching rural Latinos through community health worker/promotores training.
Date: 08/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Organization of State Offices of Rural Health
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