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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Black or African American

Increased Rates of Death from Unintentional Injury among Non-Hispanic White, American Indian/Alaska Native, and Non-Metropolitan Communities
Examines the rate of fatal and nonfatal injuries in non-metropolitan and metropolitan areas, and the association with race/ethnicity. Uses information from the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey public use datafile for 2018. Features statistics including estimated rate of nonfatal unintentional injuries among people seeking treatment at hospitals, deaths from unintentional injuries, and age-adjusted death rates for all causes of unintentional injury from 2014-2018, with breakdowns by metropolitan and non-metropolitan location.
Author(s): Lindsey R. Hammerslag, Jeffery Talbert, Tyrone F. Borders
Date: 07/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural and Underserved Health Research Center
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Map the Meal Gap 2022: A Report on County and Congressional District Food Insecurity and County Food Cost in the United States in 2020
Provides information on food insecurity in the United States with a focus on how race and ethnicity impacts access to food. Includes county-level U.S. maps that show food insecurity by race and ethnicity as well as impacts for children and the overall U.S. population. Includes discussions about food insecurity in rural counties.
Additional links: Technical Appendix
Author(s): Monica Hake, Emily Engelhard, Adam Dewey, et al.
Date: 07/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Feeding America
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Population Characteristics Release Updates: Explore the Estimates, County Population by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin
Visualization that provides detailed information on each county's age and sex structure and population by race and ethnicity, as well as total county population and median age.
Additional links: A State's Median Age Does Not Tell The Whole Story: New Census Bureau Visualization Shows Broad Variations in Age Structure By State and County
Date: 07/2022
Type: Chart/Graph
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau
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Inequities in Physical Activity Environments and Leisure-Time Physical Activity in Rural Communities
Examines access to physical activity (PA) environments in 3 rural counties in Georgia. Analyzes 2019 survey data from 728 participants in relation to leisure-time PA, walking and biking for transport, and perceived PA environments with data broken down by race, household income, and neighborhood rurality.
Author(s): Michelle C. Kegler, Nicole Gauthreaux, April Hermstad, et al.
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 19
Date: 07/2022
Type: Document
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Staving Off One's Mortality: Rural Kidney Health and Its Disparities
Describes rural disparities around access to disease-stabilizing treatment for kidney disease and to renal replacement therapies. Features insights from providers serving rural patients, as well as a rural kidney transplant recipient sharing her experience.
Author(s): Kay Miller Temple
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 06/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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COVID-19 Vaccination Coverage, by Race and Ethnicity — National Immunization Survey Adult COVID Module, United States, December 2020–November 2021
Examines disparities in COVID-19 vaccination coverage by race and ethnicity among U.S. adults during December 2020–November 2021. Includes data by race/ethnicity for those living in metropolitan and nonmetro areas.
Author(s): Jennifer L. Kriss, Mei-Chuan Hung, Anup Srivastav, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 71(23), 757-763
Date: 06/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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The Racial and Ethnic Diversity of the Family Physician Workforce in Non-Metropolitan and Metropolitan Counties
Policy brief exploring distribution of family physicians (FPs) in rural areas by race/ethnicity and whether rural minority physicians were more likely to work in underserved rural areas. Features statistics on characteristics of early career FPs practicing outpatient care from 2017-2019, with breakdowns by metropolitan, micropolitan, and non-core non-metropolitan location, and race of FPs practicing in persistent poverty or primary care Health Professional Shortage Areas, by stage in career.
Author(s): Lars E. Peterson, Zachary J. Morgan
Date: 06/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural and Underserved Health Research Center
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Association Between Rural Hospital Service Changes and Community Demographics
Investigates possible differences in service availability by local demographics and examines the association between proportion of a rural community belonging to an Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality-identified priority population and local hospital service changes. Features statistics on changes in healthcare service availability in nonmetro hospitals from 2011-2017, with breakdowns by areas with greater or smaller percentage of the population that is Hispanic/Latino, Black, aged 65 or greater, or in poverty. Also includes statistics on changes in availability of 8 types of services in nonmetro hospitals from 2011-2017.
Author(s): Tyler L. Malone, Kathleen Knocke, George H. Pink, et al.
Date: 05/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: North Carolina Rural Health Research Program
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Race/Ethnicity, Urbanization, and Unintentional Injury Death
Poster presentation from the National Rural Health Association 2022 annual conference, showing potential interactions between race/ethnicity and nonmetro residency as risk factors for unintentional injury death. Features statistics including unintentional injury deaths in 2018, stratified age-adjusted death rates and rate ratios, and unintentional injury death rates by cause, all with breakdowns by metro or nonmetro location.
Author(s): Lindsey R. Hammerslag, Ty Borders, Jeffery Talbert
Date: 05/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural and Underserved Health Research Center
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Growing Racial Diversity in Rural America: Results from the 2020 Census
Describes growing diversity of the nonmetropolitan population from 2010-2020 as a reflection of differential patterns of demographic change among racial and ethnic sub-groups in rural America. Features statistics on the nonmetropolitan population by race and age group, and county-level maps of the U.S. showing racial diversity among adults and children ages 0-17.
Author(s): Kenneth Johnson, Daniel Lichter
Date: 05/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Carsey School of Public Policy
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