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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Black or African American

U.S. Unemployment Rates for the Prime-Working-Age Population (ages 25 to 54) in Metro and Nonmetro Areas by Race/Ethnicity, 2007–21
Bar chart showing metro and nonmetro unemployment rates in 2007, 2019, 2020, and 2021 for the following populations aged 25-54: White, Black or African American, and Hispanic or Latino.
Date: 03/2022
Type: Chart/Graph
Sponsoring organization: USDA Economic Research Service
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Medical Education for African American Communities in the Rural South: A Focus Group Approach to Identify Fundamental Considerations
Examines the shortage of African American medical students in the rural South based on interview transcripts from rural medical educators, African American alumni, and community and institutional associates part of a rural medicine education pipeline. Includes themes such as how to define rural minority students and rural minority student recruitment and retention. Discusses collaborative strategies in rural medical education to improve healthcare disparities in shortage areas.
Author(s): John R. Wheat, Antonio J. Gardner, Laura H. Downey, et al.
Citation: Journal of Rural Health
Date: 03/2022
Type: Document
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Uncaring Landscapes and HIV Peer Support in the Rural Southern United States
Presents oral histories of an HIV peer support group and interviews with queer-identified Black men in a rural southern area. Discusses the impact of social determinants such as racism, stigma, and social disconnection specific to this population and their related health disparities.
Author(s): Darius Scott
Citation: Social Science & Medicine, 292
Date: 01/2022
Type: Document
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The Clinical and Business Cases for Opening a Maternity Care Unit in a CAH
A case study of a rural North Carolina partnership that worked together to add a new wing for a maternity unit at a 25-bed Critical Access Hospital. Explains how the service was planned to be financially viable. Describes maternal and infant health disparities in the region and discusses how this new service will meet the needs of the population with culturally and linguistically accessible care.
Date: 01/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: American Hospital Association
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COVID-19 Vaccinations in Rural America
Provides an overview of trends in COVID-19 vaccination in rural areas. Includes charts and maps comparing vaccination rates in metropolitan and nonmetro areas, as well as COVID-19 mortality. Discusses nonmetro vaccination rates among different demographic groups.
Date: 01/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: USDA Economic Research Service
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Civic Engagement and Civic Infrastructure to Advance Health Equity
Presents discussions from a workshop on civic engagement and civic infrastructure held by the Roundtable on Population Health Improvement. Topics include participation in democratic processes, civic inclusion and engagement, and the public health impacts of civic participation, including for tribal communities.
Additional links: Read Online
Author(s): Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice
Date: 2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Health and Medicine Division (HMD), National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
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Association Between Neighborhood Social Deprivation and Stage at Diagnosis among Breast Cancer Patients in South Carolina
Examines breast cancer stage at diagnosis in Black and White patients as related to the social deprivation index (SDI). Utilizes data from the South Carolina Central Cancer Registry (SCCCR) to analyze 52,803 breast cancer patients between 1996 and 2015. Includes demographic breakdowns of patient data by race, marriage status, tumor grade and year of diagnosis, SDI, living in a Healthcare Professional Shortage Area (HPSA), involvement in the Best Chance Network (BCN), and rural versus urban designation.
Author(s): Oluwole Adeyemi Babatunde, Whitney E. Zahnd, Jan M. Eberth, et al.
Citation: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(22), 11824
Date: 11/2021
Type: Document
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Sociodemographic and Geographic Disparities of Prostate Cancer Treatment Delay in Tennessee: A Population-Based Study
Examines 2005-2015 Tennessee Cancer Registry data of adults with prostate cancer to determine the relationship between population characteristics and prostate cancer treatment delay. Discusses geographic residence, insurance status, and social determinants of health (SDOH) such as race, marital status, and others. An urban versus rural breakdown is included.
Author(s): Francisco A. Montiel Ishino, Emmanuel A. Odame, Kevin Villalobos
Citation: American Journal of Men's Health, 15(6)
Date: 11/2021
Type: Document
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Policies for Reducing Maternal Morbidity and Mortality and Enhancing Equity in Maternal Health: A Review of the Evidence
Examines maternal health in relation to social determinants of health (SDOH), addressing disparities for Black, rural, veteran, and incarcerated mothers. Highlights environmental and healthcare issues, as well as strategies to improve maternal health outcomes through workforce initiatives, data collection, and policy changes.
Author(s): Jodie G. Katon, Daniel A. Enquobahrie, Kate Jacobsen, Laurie Zephyrin
Date: 11/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Commonwealth Fund
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QuickStats: Infant Mortality Rates For Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Counties, by Single Race and Hispanic Origin — National Vital Statistics System, United States, 2019
Bar chart showing metropolitan and nonmetropolitan infant mortality rates for infants of non-Hispanic White mothers, non-Hispanic Black mothers, American Indian/Alaska Native non-Hispanic mothers, Asian non-Hispanic mothers, and Hispanic mothers.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 70(44), 1561
Date: 11/2021
Type: Chart/Graph
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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