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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Black or African American

Menthol Smoking and Nicotine Dependence among Black/African American Women Smokers Living in Low-Resource, Rural Communities
Reports the results of a study examining associations between menthol smoking with nicotine dependence and quitting behaviors for Black women that smoke cigarettes, cigars, or cigarillos who are 18 to 50 years old and living in a low-resource, rural community in Lee or Philips county, Arkansas. Includes analysis on socioeconomic deprivation and nicotine dependence for the study population.
Author(s): Dina M. Jones, Margarete C. Kulik, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati, Sandilyn Bullock, Mignonne C. Guy, Pebbles Fagan
Citation: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(20), 10877
Date: 10/2021
Type: Document
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Affordability and Availability: Expanding Broadband in the Black Rural South
Report examining broadband access in African American communities in the rural South, highlighting economic, healthcare, and educational opportunities that accompany broadband access. Discusses financial and policy barriers to broadband access in the Black rural South and offers policy recommendations to increase access.
Author(s): Dominique Harrison
Date: 10/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies
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The United States Is Becoming More Racially Diverse – And so Is Rural America
Analyzes initial data from the 2020 Census on race and ethnicity in rural America. Compares changes in race and ethnicity in rural areas between 2000 through 2020. Offers maps of the top two most prevalent race or ethnicity groups by county in 2020. Includes six other maps showing county-level population data in 2010 and 2020 for the following: White non-Hispanic, Hispanic, Black, Native American, Asian, and multi-race populations.
Author(s): Lance George, Natasha Moodie, Keith Wiley, Elijah Asdourian, Evelyn Immonen
Date: 09/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Housing Assistance Council
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Structural Racism, Racial Inequities and Urban–Rural Differences in Infant Mortality in the US
Examines linked live birth/infant death data between 2013–2017 from the National Center for Health Statistics to determine overall and race-specific associations between three county-level structural racism indicators, infant mortality, and rural/urban differences.
Author(s): Dovile Vilda, Rachel Hardeman, Lauren Dyer, Katherine P. Theall, Maeve Wallace
Citation: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 75(8), 788-793
Date: 08/2021
Type: Document
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Rural Poverty Has Distinct Regional and Racial Patterns
Describes the findings of a study of persistent poverty, examining the prevalence of poverty in Appalachia, the Black Belt, the Mississippi Delta, the U.S.-Mexico border, and on Native American lands. Discusses the impacts of persistent poverty on access to healthcare, food access, social programs, and other support services.
Author(s): Tracey Farrigan
Citation: Amber Waves
Date: 08/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: USDA Economic Research Service
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Engaging Rural Communities in Cancer Prevention and Control Research: Development and Preliminary Insights from a Community-Based Research Registry
Discusses the establishment of the Virginia Living Well (VALW) registry in 2018 and the methodology involved to include rural and underrepresented populations in cancer research through community outreach. Includes county-level maps of cancer data in Virginia as well as demographic data on VALW participants broken down by employment, income, insurance status, cancer screening frequency, race, rural versus urban, and more.
Author(s): Maria D. Thomson, April R. Williams, Arnethea L. Sutton, et al.
Citation: Cancer Medicine, 10, 7726–7734
Date: 07/2021
Type: Document
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Rural Communities at Risk: Widening Health Disparities Present New Challenges in Aftermath of Pandemic
Describes the health status, health disparities, and socioeconomic disparities of vulnerable rural communities. Analyzes the relationship between rural community vulnerability and the stability of the rural health safety net. Includes information on racial health disparities within rural communities.
Date: 07/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: The Chartis Group
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Urban-Rural Differences in Dental Care Use Among Adults Aged 18-64
Reports on dental visits for rural and urban populations in 2019, providing data from the National Health Interview Survey based on gender, race and ethnicity, and income relative to the federal poverty level.
Author(s): Amy E. Cha, Robin A. Cohen
Date: 07/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Health Statistics
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Adolescent Births in California 2000-2018
Report offering statistics on teenage births in California from 2000-2018. Includes statistics of adolescent mothers giving birth in California by age, race, ethnicity, and county.
Date: 06/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: California Department of Public Health
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COVID-19 Vaccine Intentions and Mistrust in a National Sample of Black Americans
Describes the factors associated with intentions to be vaccinated for COVID-19, based on self-reported data from an internet survey of 207 black Americans, conducted in November-December 2020. Examines issues including socio-demographic and health-related background characteristics, medical mistrust, perceived need for vaccination, confidence in vaccine efficacy and safety, social norms for vaccination, and neighborhood-level social vulnerability. Features statistics including breakdowns by cities with populations above and below 50,000.
Author(s): Laura M. Bogart, Lu Dong, Priya Gandhi, et al.
Citation: Journal of the National Medical Association
Date: 06/2021
Type: Document
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