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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Critical Access Hospitals

Strengthening the Workforce to Improve Pregnancy Outcomes in Rural Areas
Highlights rural workforce initiatives related to maternity and childbirth services and discusses strategies to improve rural pregnancy outcomes. Features a training program at a Critical Access Hospital in Alaska and a rural OB-GYN residency program in Wisconsin.
Author(s): Allee Mead
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 07/2018
Type: Document
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Quality Peer Group Indicators for Critical Access Hospitals
Describes the results of a study to identify Critical Access Hospital (CAH) peer groups for the purposes of analyzing quality performance indicators.
Author(s): Michelle Casey, Ira Moscovice, Peiyin Hung
Date: 07/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Flex Monitoring Team
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At Presentation Medical Center: Culture Impacts Success
Describes Presentation Medical Center's (PMC) progress as part of the Small Rural Hospital Transition (SRHT) Project, completed in 2017, focused on assessing PMC's finances and operations. PMC is a 25-bed Critical Access Hospital (CAH) located in Rolla, North Dakota.
Date: 07/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Rural Health Resource Center
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MedPAC Data Book: Health Care Spending and the Medicare Program, 2018
Provides an overview of Medicare spending and highlights data on Medicare beneficiary demographics, dual-eligible beneficiaries, quality of care provided through the Medicare program, and other payer liability. Examines settings of care, including rural specific provider sites, as they relate to spending, access to care, and profit margins. Compares rural to urban throughout.
Date: 06/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Medicare Payment Advisory Commission
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Uvalde Memorial Hospital Strategizes SRHT Implementation
Describes Uvalde Memorial Hospital's (UMH) progress as part of the Small Rural Hospital Transition (SRHT) Project, completed in 2017, that focused on assessing UMH's finances and operations. UMH is a 25-bed county-owed not-for-profit Critical Access Hospital (CAH) located in Uvalde, Texas.
Date: 06/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Rural Health Resource Center
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Drug Discount Program: Federal Oversight of Compliance at 340B Contract Pharmacies Needs Improvement
Focuses on the 340B Drug Pricing Program, which allows certain facilities such as Disproportionate Share Hospitals (DSHs), Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs), and Critical Access Hospitals (CAHs) to purchase prescription and non-prescription medications at reduced cost. Describes financial arrangements participating facilities have with contract pharmacies, the extent to which they provide discounts on 340B drugs dispensed by contract pharmacies to low-income, uninsured patients, and examines the Health Resources and Services Administration's efforts to ensure compliance with 340B Program requirements at contract pharmacies.
Additional links: Full Report
Date: 06/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Government Accountability Office
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Availability of Respiratory Care Services in Critical Access and Rural Hospitals
Policy brief describing availability of respiratory therapy and therapists in Critical Access Hospitals and in urban and rural Prospective Payment System hospitals. Includes statistics with breakdowns by hospital type and rural or urban location.
Author(s): Michelle Casey, Alex Evenson, Ira Moscovice, Zhengtian Wu
Date: 06/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
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MedPAC Report to the Congress: Medicare and the Health Care Delivery System, June 2018
Evaluates Medicare payment issues and offers recommendations to the U.S. Congress. Includes a chapter on ensuring appropriate access to and use of hospital emergency department (ED) services that provides extensive information on rural access to ED services and identifies examples of rural off-campus emergency departments. Other sections of the report addressing rural concerns focus on post-acute care, quality and value payment programs, and medical device payment policies. Also includes a report on the effects of the Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program.
Additional links: Fact Sheet
Date: 06/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Medicare Payment Advisory Commission
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Geographic Variation in Uncompensated Care Between Rural and Urban Hospitals
Findings brief describing how uncompensated hospital care varies across regions of the country, using data from the 2014-2016 Medicare Cost Report Worksheet S-10. Features statistics including breakdowns by Critical Access Hospitals, other rural hospitals, and urban hospitals.
Author(s): Krystal G. Garcia, Kristie Thompson, Hilda A. Howard, George H. Pink
Date: 06/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: North Carolina Rural Health Research Program
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Ray of Hope Behavioral Health Program: Cottage Hospital – Woodsville, N.H.
Describes Cottage Hospital, a 25-bed Critical Access Hospital that provides healthcare services to a large region of New Hampshire and Vermont, with an additional 10 beds for the Ray of Hope behavioral health program designed for older adults. Discusses the Ray of Hope program and covers impacts, lessons learned, and future goals of the program.
Date: 06/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: American Hospital Association
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