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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Diabetes

Trends and Variations in Emergency Department Use Associated With Diabetes in the US by Sociodemographic Factors, 2008-2017
Results of a study using data from 32 million emergency department (ED) visits from 2008-2017, examining the rates of diabetes-related ED use across various geographic areas and subgroups. Features statistics including age-adjusted rates of diabetes-specific ED use among U.S. adults, with breakdowns by rural or urban status.
Author(s): Tegveer S. Uppal, Puneet Kaur Chehal, Gail Fernandes, et al.
Citation: JAMA Network Open, 5(5)
Date: 05/2022
Type: Document
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Diabetes Prevalence and Monitoring by Urbanization
Poster presentation from the National Rural Health Association 2022 annual conference, examining the prevalence of diabetes and the quality of annual hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) monitoring in a national sample of commercially-insured people. Features demographics and statistics including prevalence of diabetes among enrollees and HbA1c testing in people with diabetes in 2019 and 2020, with breakdowns by metro and nonmetro location.
Author(s): Lindsey R. Hammerslag, Katie Youngen, Ty Borders, Jeffery Talbert
Date: 05/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural and Underserved Health Research Center
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Prehospital Emergency Medical Services Personnel: Comparing Rural and Urban Professional Experience and Provision of Evidence-Based Care
Describes the relationship between prehospital emergency medical services (EMS) providers' levels of experience and provision of evidence-based care for rural and urban populations. Features statistics on EMS agency sample characteristics and evidenced-based care for seizure, stroke, hypoglycemia, and trauma as of 2018, with breakdowns by urban, large rural, small rural, and isolated rural locations.
Author(s): Davis G. Patterson, Nikiah G. Nudell, Lisa A. Garberson, C. Holly A. Andrilla
Date: 05/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center
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Kentucky - Demographics, Analytics, Trends and Access (K-DATA) - 2021
Report containing healthcare-related data points, sources, and figures to assist community members, grant writers, program developers, and others with supportive data for program development, goal setting, and evaluation. Features statistics on social determinants of health, Health Professional Shortage Areas, rural access to care, substance use disorder, diabetes, cancer, and disabilities, with breakdowns by rural, urban, Delta, and Appalachian regions of Kentucky.
Date: 04/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: University of Kentucky Center of Excellence in Rural Health
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Rural Wisconsin Chronic Disease Toolkit 2022
Toolkit describing rural-relevant best practices that have been successful in improving chronic disease outcomes and population health. Provides resources to address communication, Body Mass Index, diabetes care, blood pressure control, and chronic disease management.
Date: 04/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Wisconsin Health Cooperative
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Association of Race, Ethnicity, and Rurality With Major Leg Amputation or Death Among Medicare Beneficiaries Hospitalized With Diabetic Foot Ulcers
Examines the probability of amputation or death in patients with diabetic foot ulcers using 2013-2014 Medicare claims data of 124,487 patients. Includes demographic breakdowns by sex, race/ethnicity, rurality, Area Deprivation Index (ADI), patient history of chronic illness, and more.
Author(s): Meghan B. Brennan, W. Ryan Powell, Farah Kaiksow
Citation: JAMA Network Open, 5(4)
Date: 04/2022
Type: Document
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Trends in Health Disparities of Rural Latinos Pre- and Post-Accountable Care Organization Implementation
Compares diabetes-related hospitalizations among older rural Latino Rural Health Clinic (RHC) patients to those of their White counterparts between 2008 and 2015. Explores whether RHC participation in an Accountable Care Organization reduced diabetes-related hospitalization rates for Latino patients. Presents findings from an analysis of data on 2,683 RHCs nationwide from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) and a subset of 516 RHCs in California, Florida, and Texas.
Author(s): Judith Ortiz, Boondaniwon D. Phrathep, Richard Hofler, Chad W. Thomas
Citation: Research in the Sociology of Health Care, 39, 173–187
Date: 03/2022
Type: Document
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Black/White Disparities in Obesity Widen with Increasing Rurality: Evidence from a National Survey
Analyzes Black/White disparities in obesity, diabetes, and lack of physical activity, with breakdowns by county-level rurality quintile. Utilizes data from the 2012 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System.
Author(s): Steven A. Cohen, Caitlin C. Nash, Erin N. Byrne, Lauren E. Mitchell, Mary L. Greaney
Citation: Health Equity, 6(1), 178-188
Date: 03/2022
Type: Document
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2020 Alabama State Health Assessment
Reports on the health of Alabama residents, providing demographic data and comparing rural and urban areas throughout. Presents county-level data and discussion of 14 selected health indicators, including mental health and substance abuse, access to care, pregnancy outcomes, social determinants of health, and environmental health, among others.
Date: 03/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Alabama Department of Public Health
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The State of Our Health: A Statewide Health Assessment of Pennsylvania
Identifies specific health challenges in Pennsylvania and indicates where the largest improvements can be made. Features sections on social determinants of health, access to care, substance use, chronic diseases, mental health, maternal and infant health, injury and violence prevention, infectious diseases and immunization, Health Professional Shortage Areas, and environmental health. Includes references to rural throughout.
Date: 03/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Pennsylvania Department of Health
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