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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Diabetes

Practicing Tribal Sovereignty Through a Tribal Health Policy: Implementation of the Healthy Diné Nation Act on the Navajo Nation
Examines the Healthy Diné Nation Act (HDNA) which was passed by the Navajo Nation in 2014 to support health and wellness in tribal communities. Analyzes the process, implementation, and evaluation of the HDNA to understand its impact on public health policy. Includes historical information about the Navajo nation as well as diabetes data and HDNA funding amounts for specific Navajo chapters.
Author(s): Regina Eddie, Caleigh Curley, Del Yazzie, et al.
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 19
Date: 11/2022
Type: Document
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Urban–Rural Disparities in Diabetes-Related Mortality in the USA 1999–2019
Examines 20-year trends in diabetes-related mortality in urban and rural areas in the United States. Analyzes 6,598,281 death certificates that name diabetes mellitus as an underlying or contributing cause of death between 1999 and 2019, utilizing the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Wide-ranging ONline Data for Epidemiologic Research (CDC WONDER) Multiple Cause of Death database. Includes demographic breakdowns of urban versus rural mortality data by sex, age, and race/ethnicity.
Author(s): Ofer Kobo, Harriette G. C. Van Spall, Mamas A. Mamas
Citation: Diabetologia, 65, 2078-2083
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
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Assessment of Disparities in Diabetes Mortality in Adults in US Rural vs Nonrural Counties, 1999-2018
Explores disparities in diabetes mortality based on county urbanization, comparing data from 1999-2000 through 2017-2018. Includes statistics with breakdowns by sex, age group, region, four 2-year periods, and 3 levels of population density.
Author(s): Sagar B. Dugani, Christina M. Wood-Wentz, Michelle M. Mielke, Kent R. Bailey, Adrian Vella
Citation: JAMA Network Open, 5(9), e2232318
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
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Urban and Rural Differences in New Onset Type 2 Diabetes: Comparisons Across National and Regional Samples in the Diabetes Lead Network
Examines the likelihood of new onset type 2 diabetes (T2D) by community type. Utilizes 3 longitudinal study samples about diabetes in the United States to track new onset T2D by U.S. region as well as higher density urban, lower density urban, suburban/small town, and rural community type. Includes further demographic breakdowns by age, sex, race/ethnicity, socio-economic factors, and smoking behaviors.
Author(s): Tara P. McAlexander, Gargya Malla, Jalal Uddin, et al.
Citation: SSM - Population Health, 19, 101161
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
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Urban–Rural Differences in Health Care Utilization and COVID-19 Outcomes in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes
Examines associations of COVID-19 patients with type 2 diabetes by hospitalization outcomes and community type. Utilizes electronic health records (EHRs) from a Pennsylvania health system for COVID-19 outcomes such as death, intensive care unit (ICU) admission, ventilation, thromboembolism, and myocardial damage. Analyzes EHR data across township, borough, and city census tracts to understand relationships among rurality, socioeconomic deprivation, and COVID-19 outcomes.
Author(s): Annemarie G. Hirsch, Cara M. Nordberg, Karen Bandeen-Roche, et al.
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 19
Date: 07/2022
Type: Document
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The Association Between Primary Care Use and Potentially-Preventable Hospitalization Among Dual Eligibles Age 65 and Over
Examines the relationship between primary care and ambulatory care sensitive condition (ACSC) hospitalization among people age 65 and older who are dually-enrolled in Medicare and Medicaid. Features statistics with breakdowns by urban or rural location.
Author(s): N. Loren Oh, Andrew J. Potter, Lindsay M. Sabik, et al.
Citation: BMC Health Services Research, 22(927)
Date: 07/2022
Type: Document
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Long-term Effects of Remote Patient Monitoring in Patients Living with Diabetes: A Retrospective Look at Participants of the Mississippi Diabetes Telehealth Network Study
Results of a study evaluating the long-term effectiveness of a remote patient monitoring (RPM) program after the intervention was withdrawn. Designed to test the ability of a telehealth program to serve diabetes patients in rural Mississippi, from 2014-2016.
Author(s): Tearsanee Carlisle Davis, Ashley S. Allen, Yunxi Zhang
Citation: Telemedicine Reports, 3(1), 130-136
Date: 06/2022
Type: Document
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BuchananCares Program: A Team-based Care Pilot Led by a Rural Community Hospital and Local Pharmacist
Describes BuchananCares, a collaboration among health professionals from the Appalachian College of Pharmacy, Buchanan General Hospital in rural Virginia, and the Virginia Department of Health. Designed to reduce patient readmissions and improve medication use for patients with COPD, diabetes, heart failure, and pneumonia.
Date: 06/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Community Preventive Services Task Force
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Prevalence of Chronic Conditions by Sexual Orientation and Rural-Urban Location
Presents a study on the correlation between chronic health issues by sexual orientation and rurality. Breaks down rates of chronic diseases such as arthritis, high cholesterol, diabetes, and others by sexual orientation and rural versus urban location.
Author(s): Carrie Henning-Smith, Gilbert Gonzales, Megan Lahr, et al.
Date: 06/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
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The COVID-19 Pandemic: Reversing 20 Years of Rural Mortality Improvement
Slides that present disparities in COVID-19 mortality according to race/ethnicity and rural versus urban populations. Tracks changing mortality data from 1999 to 2020 for chronic diseases and behavioral health issues, such as cancer, diabetes, suicide, substance abuse, and unintentional accidents.
Author(s): Janice C. Probst, Elizabeth Crouch, Christina Andrews
Date: 05/2022
Type: Presentation Slides
Sponsoring organization: Rural and Minority Health Research Center (formerly the South Carolina Rural Health Research Center)
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