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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Diabetes

BuchananCares Program: A Team-based Care Pilot Led by a Rural Community Hospital and Local Pharmacist
Describes BuchananCares, a collaboration among health professionals from the Appalachian College of Pharmacy, Buchanan General Hospital in rural Virginia, and the Virginia Department of Health. Designed to reduce patient readmissions and improve medication use for patients with COPD, diabetes, heart failure, and pneumonia.
Date: 06/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Community Preventive Services Task Force
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Prevalence of Chronic Conditions by Sexual Orientation and Rural-Urban Location
Presents a study on the correlation between chronic health issues by sexual orientation and rurality. Breaks down rates of chronic diseases such as arthritis, high cholesterol, diabetes, and others by sexual orientation and rural versus urban location.
Author(s): Carrie Henning-Smith, Gilbert Gonzales, Megan Lahr, et al.
Date: 06/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
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Trends and Variations in Emergency Department Use Associated With Diabetes in the US by Sociodemographic Factors, 2008-2017
Results of a study using data from 32 million emergency department (ED) visits from 2008-2017, examining the rates of diabetes-related ED use across various geographic areas and subgroups. Features statistics including age-adjusted rates of diabetes-specific ED use among U.S. adults, with breakdowns by rural or urban status.
Author(s): Tegveer S. Uppal, Puneet Kaur Chehal, Gail Fernandes, et al.
Citation: JAMA Network Open, 5(5)
Date: 05/2022
Type: Document
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Diabetes Prevalence and Monitoring by Urbanization
Poster presentation from the National Rural Health Association 2022 annual conference, examining the prevalence of diabetes and the quality of annual hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) monitoring in a national sample of commercially-insured people. Features demographics and statistics including prevalence of diabetes among enrollees and HbA1c testing in people with diabetes in 2019 and 2020, with breakdowns by metro and nonmetro location.
Author(s): Lindsey R. Hammerslag, Katie Youngen, Ty Borders, Jeffery Talbert
Date: 05/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural and Underserved Health Research Center
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Prehospital Emergency Medical Services Personnel: Comparing Rural and Urban Professional Experience and Provision of Evidence-Based Care
Describes the relationship between prehospital emergency medical services (EMS) providers' levels of experience and provision of evidence-based care for rural and urban populations. Features statistics on EMS agency sample characteristics and evidenced-based care for seizure, stroke, hypoglycemia, and trauma as of 2018, with breakdowns by urban, large rural, small rural, and isolated rural locations.
Author(s): Davis G. Patterson, Nikiah G. Nudell, Lisa A. Garberson, C. Holly A. Andrilla
Date: 05/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center
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Rural Wisconsin Chronic Disease Toolkit 2022
Toolkit describing rural-relevant best practices that have been successful in improving chronic disease outcomes and population health. Provides resources to address communication, Body Mass Index, diabetes care, blood pressure control, and chronic disease management.
Date: 04/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Wisconsin Health Cooperative
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Association of Race, Ethnicity, and Rurality With Major Leg Amputation or Death Among Medicare Beneficiaries Hospitalized With Diabetic Foot Ulcers
Examines the probability of amputation or death in patients with diabetic foot ulcers using 2013-2014 Medicare claims data for 124,487 patients. Includes demographic breakdowns by sex, Black/African American, White, or Hispanic, rurality, Area Deprivation Index (ADI), patient history of chronic illness, and more.
Author(s): Meghan B. Brennan, W. Ryan Powell, Farah Kaiksow
Citation: JAMA Network Open, 5(4)
Date: 04/2022
Type: Document
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Smoking, Rural Residence and Diabetes as Risk Factors for Presumed Ocular Histoplasmosis Syndrome
Investigates how smoking, geographical location, and diabetes impact presumed ocular histoplasmosis syndrome (POHS) and associated choroidal neovascularization (CNV) based on data from 751 adult patients during a 7-year period between January 2013 and December 2019. Includes data predictions to indicate whether there are connections between smoking, diabetes, and rural-urban locations for POHS and for POHS with CNV.
Author(s): Brad Richey, Rachel Obrock, Zachary Gee, et al.
Citation: Retina, 42(2), 369-374
Date: 02/2022
Type: Document
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Prescription Drug Affordability among Medicare Beneficiaries
Examines the affordability of prescription drugs among Medicare beneficiaries. Explores whether Medicare beneficiaries skipped doses, took less medication, delayed filling a prescription, or did not fill needed prescriptions due to cost concerns. Explores affordability concerns by race and ethnicity, sex, family income, urban versus rural counties, and presence of select chronic conditions.
Author(s): Wafa Tarazi, Kenneth Finegold, Steven Sheingold, Nancy De Lew, Benjamin D. Sommers
Date: 01/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: HHS Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation
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Report to Congress on Leveraging Federal Programs to Prevent and Control Diabetes and Its Complications, 2021
Report examining diabetes prevalence and health impact nationwide, offering recommendations for reducing risks, preventing type 2 diabetes, and treating and managing diabetes. Discusses diabetes and other chronic conditions in rural areas, rural health disparities, and rural-specific recommendations for prevention and management.
Date: 01/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: National Clinical Care Commission, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
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