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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Economics and the economy

Characteristics of Communities Served by Hospitals at High Risk of Financial Distress
Study compares communities served by rural hospitals that have a high risk of financial distress with those that do not. Looks at community demographics, socio-economics, and health status.
Author(s): Erica L. Richman, George H. Pink
Date: 12/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: North Carolina Rural Health Research Program
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The Appalachia Initiative: A Bipartisan Approach for the 21st Century
Reports on the current challenges facing Appalachia. Breaks down data by education and workforce, entrepreneurism and job creation, energy and infrastructure, and rural health. Looks specifically at mortality rates, obesity and diabetes prevalence, and drug overdose death rates.
Date: 09/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Bipartisan Policy Center
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2017 Annual Report of the Boards of Trustees of the Federal Hospital Insurance and Federal Supplementary Medical Insurance Trust Funds
Report detailing the current state of the Medicare Hospital Insurance (HI) and Supplemental Medical Insurance (SMI) Trust Funds. Discusses Medicare expenditures as a percentage of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), and makes short and long-range sustainability projections based on variable economic, demographic, and healthcare trends. Also explains the actuarial methods used to calculate the estimates.
Date: 07/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
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Economic Contributions of Oregon’s Community Hospitals
Reports results from a study conducted to measure the statewide economic impact of Oregon's acute care hospitals. Examines economic impacts by type, including direct, indirect, induced, and secondary, and reports on the following measures: jobs, output, gross state product (GSP), and state and local taxes/fees. Also shows the hospital sector's economic contribution by county.
Date: 02/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Oregon Association of Hospitals and Health Systems
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Involuntary Part-Time Employment: A Slow and Uneven Economic Recovery
Examines trends in involuntary part-time employment from 2000 through 2015. Includes data for rural men and rural women, compared to the overall population. Also compares rural and urban involuntary part-time work for those below the poverty line before, during, and after the recession.
Author(s): Rebecca Glauber
Date: 2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Carsey School of Public Policy
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Using the ERS County Economic Types To Explore Demographic and Economic Trends in Rural Areas
Discusses six types of counties based on economic industry dependence: farming, mining, manufacturing, federal/state government, recreation, and nonspecialized counties. Describes how these county types can be used to better understand variation in demographic and economic trends in rural areas. Uses the county economic types to examine population, income, and poverty trends.
Author(s): Lorin Kusmin
Location: Amber Waves
Date: 12/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: USDA Economic Research Service
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Vulnerable Rural Counties: The Changing Rural Landscape, 2000-2010
A study of how rural counties were impacted by the 2008 recession, specifically focused on an increase in poverty levels, shifts in population, and loss or reduction of healthcare services and facilities. Includes county-by-county maps with data such as poverty and unemployment rates, elderly population, educational level, non-white population, health insurance coverage, availability of primary care and other specialties, and change in number of hospitals and other healthcare facilities. Appendices include tables comparing urban and rural/remote county statistics.
Additional links: Fact Sheet
Author(s): Kevin J. Bennett, Yu-Hsiu Lin, Matthew Yuen, Deshia Leonhirth, Janice C. Probst
Date: 07/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: South Carolina Rural Health Research Center
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How the Great Recession Changed U.S. Migration Patterns
Examines changes in county-level net migration due to the recession and housing crisis. Compares net migration during the pre-recession years, 2004-2007, to those during the recession, 2007-2010. Also compares the recession period to the post-recession years, 2010-2014. Includes maps showing migration trends by county. Figure 4 looks at migration by metro/non-metro status. Part of the publication series Population Trends in Post-Recession Rural America.
Author(s): Kenneth M. Johnson, Katherine J. Curtis, David Egan-Robertson
Date: 05/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Applied Population Laboratory
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The Economic Impact of Rural Broadband
Provides an estimate of the direct and indirect economic activities of the rural broadband industry on the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), and their effect on other rural industries, including healthcare.
Date: 04/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Hudson Institute
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The Economics of Local Food Systems: A Toolkit to Guide Community Discussions, Assessments and Choices
Seven research modules guiding food system planning, economic assessment, and analysis of data. Explains that local food production promotes rural economic revitalization and supports built capital invested in rural communities, and notes the importance of recognizing differences in rural and urban food issues.
Author(s): Dawn Thilmany McFadden, David Conner, Steven Deller, et al.
Date: 03/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Department of Agriculture
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