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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Educational attainment

The Intergenerational Cycles of Rural Health
Discusses challenges facing rural communities, including poverty, low educational attainment, poor health behaviors, and insufficient healthcare access. Explains how these factors influence one another and persist from generation to generation.
Author(s): Randy Wykoff
Citation: American Journal of Public Health, 110(9), 1279-1280
Date: 2020
Type: Document
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Human Development and Controlled Substance Prescribing in Ohio Counties
Examines American Human Development Index (AHDI) scores for Ohio counties to determine relationships between controlled substance prescribing and human development, defined as a composite score of economic wellbeing, health, and education. Includes county-level data on prescribing practices for controlled substances, such as opioids, stimulants, benzodiazepines, and sedatives.
Additional links: Supplemental Material
Author(s): Patricia Factor, Wallace Chambers, JoAnna Kauffman, et al.
Citation: Ohio Journal of Public Health, 2(2), 24-29
Date: 12/2019
Type: Document
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Inequalities in Elevated Depressive Symptoms in Middle-aged and Older Adults by Rural Childhood Residence: The Important Role of Education
Measures the disparities in the prevalence of elevated depressive symptoms by rural childhood residence and the influence of childhood socioeconomic conditions and educational attainment. Identifies the prevalence of depressive symptoms among U.S.-born adults ages 50 years and older using data from 1998–2014 Health and Retirement Studies – ongoing publicly available datasets of non-institutionalized adults.
Author(s): Audrey R. Murchland, Chloe W. Eng, Joan A. Casey, Jacqueline M. Torres, Elizabeth Rose Mayeda
Citation: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 34(11), 1633–1641
Date: 11/2019
Type: Document
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Follow‐up Approaches to a Health Literacy Intervention to Increase Colorectal Cancer Screening in Rural Community Clinics: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Study of health literacy interventions to support colorectal cancer screening among 620 patients served by 4 rural community clinics in Louisiana. Compares completion rates of fecal immunochemical tests (FIT) when patients received automated and personal telephone follow-up calls. Discusses health literacy and cost implications of these FIT completion methods and presents participant data based on gender, race, education level, age, and healthcare participation questions.
Author(s): Connie L. Arnold, Alfred W. Rademaker, James D. Morris, et al.
Citation: Cancer, 125(20), 3615-3622
Date: 10/2019
Type: Document
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The Older Population in Rural America: 2012-2016
Describes the rural older population, those 65 years and older, compared to urban older adults. Includes rural-urban data on population size for the nation, by region, and by state. Also covers demographic, social, and economic characteristics, age distribution, and sex ratio by age. Some data is available by level of rurality for mostly urban, mostly rural, and completely rural counties.
Author(s): Amy Symens Smith, Edward Trevelyan
Date: 09/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau
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Planting the Seeds, Working the Land: Postsecondary Programs in Rural Areas
Focuses on challenges and opportunities related to postsecondary education in rural areas. Addresses how state legislatures are responding and what community and technical colleges can do to help, including examples of model programs. Identifies education as a social determinant of health and includes examples related to health education, particularly state loan repayment legislation.
Date: 07/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Conference of State Legislatures
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Education and Health: Long-Term Trends by Race, Ethnicity, and Geography, 1997-2017
Results of a study assessing trends in disparities among nonelderly adults in measures of general health, mental health, limitations in activity, and obesity, by educational attainment. Features statistics with breakdowns by demographics, socioeconomic characteristics, and urban or rural location.
Author(s): Stacey McMorrow, Laura Skopec, Tyler W. Thomas
Date: 05/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Urban Institute
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The Promise of Adolescence: Realizing Opportunity for All Youth
Focuses on the impact of social determinants of health on adolescents. Discusses adolescent development; how the environment affects biology; and how societal factors such as education, healthcare, the child welfare system, and the justice system create disparities. Offers recommendations for each area and includes some discussion of rural disparities in the health system chapter.
Additional links: Read Online, Report Highlights
Date: 05/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Health and Medicine Division (HMD), National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
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Growth and Persistence of Place-Based Mortality in the United States: The Rural Mortality Penalty
Examines CDC online epidemiologic research data from 1970 to 2016 for urban and rural county mortality trends. Uses U.S. Census data and Bureau of Economic Analysis data to investigate the effects of rurality, education, poverty, income, and race on mortality.
Author(s): Arthur G. Cosby, M. Maya McDoom-Echebiri, Wesley James, et al.
Citation: American Journal of Public Health, 109(1), 155–162
Date: 01/2019
Type: Document
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Rural Residents with Higher Educational Attainment Were More Likely to Engage in Telehealth Activities
Bar chart showing 2015 data on the use of telehealth for health monitoring, health maintenance, and health research by education level for rural residents.
Date: 11/2018
Type: Chart/Graph
Sponsoring organization: USDA Economic Research Service
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