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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Social determinants of health

COVID-19 Community Vulnerability Index
State, county, and census-tract data on communities where people are at greater risk of dying from COVID-19. Identifies areas vulnerable due to barriers related to healthcare access, social determinants of health, and other facts. Also provides data related to COVID-19 rates, testing, mask wearing, critical risk workers, and race/ethnicity.
Additional links: U.S. Data Explorer
Date: 02/2021
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Surgo Ventures
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The Association of Social Determinants of Health with COVID‐19 Mortality in Rural and Urban Counties
Explores how social determinants of health (SDOH) affect COVID-19 mortality in rural and urban areas. Compares rural and urban rates of COVID-19 mortality by patient characteristics, such as race, age, and gender; comorbidities, such as smoking, diabetes, and HIV; and economic stability, such as unemployment and income, among other factors.
Author(s): Rajib Paul, Ahmed Arif, Kamana Pokhrel, Subhanwita Ghosh
Citation: Journal of Rural Health, 1-9
Date: 02/2021
Type: Document
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Marcellus Shale Natural Gas Development Increased Income for Rural Pennsylvania Families, but Youth Obesity Rates Remained High
Results of a study examining whether increases in income generated by Marcellus Shale natural gas extraction led to declines in youth obesity in parts of Pennsylvania where geological conditions were better for extracting natural gas. Uses data from 317 Pennsylvania school districts and compares youth obesity rates in 2007 and 2011.
Author(s): Molly A. Martin
Date: 02/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Lerner Center for Public Health Promotion, Penn State Population Research Institute
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The Intersection of Rural Residence and Minority Race/Ethnicity in Cancer Disparities in the United States
Examines differences in cancer rates and outcomes according to individuals' rural residence and race/ethnicity. Discusses the role racism and social determinants of health play in cancer disparities. Includes cancer incidence and mortality rates by racial/ethnic groups and rural versus urban location.
Author(s): Whitney Zahnd, Cathryn Murphy, Marie Knoll, et al.
Citation: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(4), 1384
Date: 02/2021
Type: Document
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Mapping High Risk Areas for COVID-19
An interactive web-based mapping tool focused on identifying priority areas for the COVID-19 pandemic. Offers data on health conditions, demographics, and social determinants that may make a population more vulnerable to COVID-19. Also includes the location of hospitals. Users can upload their own COVID-19 patient profile data. Part of the HealthLandscape set of tools.
Date: 02/2021
Type: Map/Mapping System
Sponsoring organization: American Academy of Family Physicians
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COVID-19 Health Equity Interactive Dashboard
Interactive map containing county- and state-level data on COVID-19 cases and deaths in the U.S. Illustrates relationships between COVID-19 outcomes and various social determinants of health, such as population density, poverty, underlying health conditions, urban/rural status, and more.
Date: 02/2021
Type: Map/Mapping System
Sponsoring organization: Emory University
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Community Health and Economic Prosperity: Engaging Businesses as Stewards and Stakeholders — A Report of the Surgeon General
Report examining the relationship between businesses and community vitality in the United States, including impacts on health, environment, and equality. Discusses the U.S. health disadvantage compared to other nations and the role of neighborhoods and businesses in shaping health and economic opportunity. Describes initiatives from business leaders in rural and tribal communities.
Date: 01/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
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Claude Worthington Benedum Foundation: Taking a Leadership Role and Building Trust
An interview with Kim Barber Tieman, program director for health and human services for the Claude Worthington Benedum Foundation, sharing how the foundation has responded to the COVID-19 pandemic. Discusses efforts to help West Virginia organizations navigate and apply for federal funding opportunities, support for mobile COVID testing units to better reach communities of color, support for telehealth infrastructure, and a wide range of other activities to help meet the needs of the vulnerable and disenfranchised.
Author(s): Allee Mead
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 01/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Opportunities in Medicaid and CHIP to Address Social Determinants of Health (SDOH)
Describes services and supports that can be covered by Medicaid and Children's Health Insurance Programs (CHIP) to address social determinants of health (SDOH). Discusses federal authorities and other opportunities that states can utilize to address SDOH through Medicaid and CHIP, including through Rural Health Clinics (RHC) and Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHC). Appendix B highlights examples of services and supports and the corresponding federal authorities that could be used to cover each.
Date: 01/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
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Viral Hepatitis National Strategic Plan for the United States: A Roadmap to Elimination 2021-2025
Functions as a comprehensive roadmap for federal and other stakeholders to decrease and ultimately eliminate viral hepatitis cases, prevent new infections, and enhance treatment and care in the U.S. Provides information on Hepatitis A, B, and C, including the number of reported and estimated cases from 2010-2018, current challenges, priority populations, and more.
Date: 01/2021
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
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