Rural Health Resources by Topic: Elderly population
Rural-Urban Prescribing Patterns by Primary Care and Behavioral Health Providers in Older Adults with Serious Mental Illness
Examines psychiatric prescription patterns by behavioral health specialists (BHSs) and primary care providers (PCPs) in older adults with serious mental illness (SMI). Analyzes 2018 Medicare data of 2,079,045 Medicare beneficiaries who received a prescription for their SMI diagnosis. Includes rural versus urban comparisons of psychiatric medication type and provider type.
Author(s): Ulrike Muench, Matthew Jura, Cindy Parks Thomas, Jennifer Perloff, Joanne Spetz Citation: BMC Health Services Research, 22, 1440 Date: 11/2022 Type: Document view details
Who Will Care for Rural Older Adults? Measuring the Direct Care Workforce in Rural Areas
Policy brief examining existing disparities in the supply of home health aides and nursing assistants in rural areas compared to urban areas. Features statistics on the ratio of home health aides and nursing assistants relative to the population of adults age 65 and above, with breakdowns by urban and rural areas and by census region.
Author(s): Janette Dill, Carrie Henning-Smith, Rongxuan Zhu, Elizabeth Vomacka Date: 11/2022 Type: Document Sponsoring organization: University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center view details
Patterns of Health Care Use among Rural-Urban Medicare Beneficiaries Age 85 and Older, 2010-2017
Policy brief examining how rural and urban Medicare beneficiaries age 85+ differ in terms of their socioeconomic and health characteristics that may inform healthcare use. Features statistics on trends in healthcare use, including inpatient and emergency department care, outpatient and prescription services, specialists and dentists,
and home health and durable medical equipment, with breakdowns by urban and rural location.
Author(s): Yvonne Jonk, Heidi O'Connor, Amanda Burgess, Carly Milkowski Date: 11/2022 Type: Document Sponsoring organization: Maine Rural Health Research Center view details
Rethinking Rurality: Using Hospital Referral Regions to Investigate Rural-Urban Health Outcomes
Examines the relationship between the proportion of rural population served in each of the 306 hospital referral regions (HRRs) and health outcomes, healthcare spending and utilization, and access to and quality of primary care. Explores whether mortality differences in HRRs are associated with differences in price-adjusted Medicare reimbursements, quality of primary care, and access to primary care.
Author(s): Lucy Skinner, Sandra Wong, Carrie Colla Citation: BMC Health Services Research, 22(1), 1312 Date: 11/2022 Type: Document view details
COVID-19 Death Rates in Urban and Rural Areas: United States, 2020
Examines COVID-19 death rates for rural and urban areas in 2020, with data by six levels of urbanicity. Includes overall death rates as well as rates by sex for all age groups, for those under age 65, and for those 65 and older.
Author(s): Sally C. Curtin, Melonie Heron Date: 10/2022 Type: Document Sponsoring organization: National Center for Health Statistics view details
Rural Health Research Recap: Aging in Place
Summarizes recent research from Rural Health Research Centers examining aging in place as it relates to social engagement, living alone, long-term care preferences, and nursing home availability. Features statistics from 2013-2017 on share of population ages 65+ and 85+ and share of this population living alone, with breakdowns by urban or rural county type, and percent of counties with nursing homes in 2019, with breakdowns by rural, micropolitan, and metropolitan location.
Author(s): Per Ostmo, Jessica Rosencrans Date: 10/2022 Type: Document Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Research Gateway view details
Improving Access to and Enrollment in Programs of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE)
Provides an overview of Programs of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE), including the history of the model and the recent policy landscape. Identifies challenges to the growth of PACE and offers federal policy recommendations that would address the challenges to the spread and scale of PACE. Discusses the results of the 2006 Rural PACE Provider Grant Program and policies to promote further access to PACE programs in areas with low penetration rates, including rural areas.
Date: 10/2022 Type: Document Sponsoring organization: Bipartisan Policy Center view details
Rural Depopulation and the Rural-Urban Gap in Cognitive Functioning Among Older Adults
Presents a study on the disparities in cognitive health older adults in rural versus urban populations. Breaks down data by age, race, marital status, and education, among other measures. Explores how depopulation correlates with cognitive functioning and compares the effect in rural and urban populations.
Author(s): Rebecca Glauber Citation: Journal of Rural Health, 38(4), 696-704 Date: 09/2022 Type: Document view details