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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Health conditions

Prevalence and Mortality of Heart Disease and Related Conditions: Disparities Affecting the South, Rural Areas, and American Indian and Alaska Natives
Policy brief describing trends in the prevalence of stroke, angina or coronary heart disease, and heart attack from 2011-2015, and assessing trends in mortality for heart disease and associated conditions from 2006-2016. Explores whether disease-related mortality and prevalence of disease varied across region, rurality, and time period. Features statistics including mortality from congestive heart failure, stroke and cerebrovascular disease, and ischemic heart disease in 2016, with breakdowns by 6 levels of population density.
Author(s): Samuel D. Towne, Jr., Timothy H. Callaghan, Alva O. Ferdinand, et al.
Date: 11/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Southwest Rural Health Research Center
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The Report of the 2019 Southern LGBTQ Health Survey
Results of a convenience sample of 5,617 respondents detailing their experiences of LGBTQ health and healthcare in the South. Features demographics and self-reported statistics on physical and mental health ratings, healthcare quality, abuse and violence, insurance, dental care, HIV diagnoses, and disparities in reported health ratings by urban or rural location.
Additional links: Executive Summary
Author(s): Chase Harless, Megan Nanney, Austin H. Johnson, et al.
Date: 11/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Southern LGBTQ Health Initiative, Western North Carolina Community Health Services
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Lung Cancer Incidence in Nonmetropolitan and Metropolitan Counties — United States, 2007–2016
Reports on lung cancer incidence rates in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan counties, with data by sex and by age at diagnosis. Includes data for 2007 and 2016, as well as the change in rate from 2007 to 2016. Discusses strategies to reduce exposure to lung cancer risk factors and how those strategies might be targeted to decrease disparities.
Author(s): Mary Elizabeth O'Neil, S. Jane Henley, Elizabeth A. Rohan, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 68(44), 993-998
Date: 11/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Potentially Excess Deaths from the Five Leading Causes of Death in Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Counties — United States, 2010–2017
Reports on the rural-urban disparities regarding potentially preventable deaths caused by heart disease, cancer, unintentional injury, chronic lower respiratory disease (CLRD), and stroke for populations less than 80 years of age. Updates a January 2017 report on the same topic, with the new report using a 6-level urban-rural classification scheme and adding additional years and annual percentage change information.
Additional links: Supplementary Table 1: Number of Potentially Excess Deaths, by HHS Region and Urban-Rural Classification, Supplementary Table 2: Percentage of Potentially Excess Deaths, by HHS Region and Urban-Rural Classification, Supplementary Table 3: Number of Potentially Excess Deaths, by State for Metro and Nonmetro, Supplementary Table 4: Percentage of Potentially Excess Deaths, by State for Metro and Nonmetro
Author(s): Macarena C. Garcia, Lauren M. Rossen, Brigham Bastian, et al.
Citation: MMWR Surveillance Summaries, 68(10), 1-11
Date: 11/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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ARcare Uses Telehealth for Diabetes Education
Describes ways in which telehealth is used for education programs geared toward prediabetic and diabetic rural patients of ARcare, an Arkansas Federally Qualified Health Center comprising 44 family practice clinics.
Date: 11/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Bureau of Primary Health Care
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Advancing Health Equity Through Community Health Workers and Peer Providers: Mounting Evidence and Policy Recommendations
Reviews the results from nine studies funded by the Patient Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) supporting the inclusion of community health workers (CHWs) and peer providers (PPs) as effective participants in addressing health and healthcare inequities particularly for diverse communities. Each study presented focuses on a distinct function of utilizing CHWs and/or PPS such as mentoring, managing chronic conditions, and navigator support for serious mental illness and depression. Discusses why payers and providers should include CHWs and PPS in a variety of capacities to improve outcomes, add value to care, and control costs.
Date: 11/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Families USA
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Association Between Environmental Quality and Diabetes in the USA
Results of a study comparing diabetes prevalence in 3,134 urban or rural counties from 2004-2012, taking into account the possible effects of environmental pollutants. Features statistics with breakdowns by 4 levels of urban or rural status.
Author(s): Jyotsna S. Jagai, Alison K. Krajewski, Sabina Shaikh, Danelle T. Lobdell, Robert M. Sargis
Citation: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
Date: 10/2019
Type: Document
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Expanding HIV Care Through Telehealth
Discusses how telehealth programs benefit Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program (RWHAP) recipients. Discusses the benefits for rural patients of provider-specialist programs like Project ECHO that offer telementoring to primary care providers and of programs that provide care directly to rural patients via telemedicine.
Citation: CAREAction Newsletter
Date: 10/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Health Resources and Services Administration
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Risk Factors and Potentially Preventable Deaths in Rural Communities
Compares rates of potentially avoidable deaths in rural and urban communities and shows how these deaths vary by census region. Features statistics on modifiable risk factors, such as smoking, excessive alcohol use, and obesity, and percent of potentially preventable deaths attributable to specific health conditions, with breakdowns by rural and urban areas.
Author(s): Mark Holmes, Kristie W. Thompson
Date: 10/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: North Carolina Rural Health Research Program
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Inpatient Hospital Stays and Emergency Department Visits Involving Influenza, 2006–2016
Examines inpatient stays and treat-and-release emergency department visits with an influenza diagnosis from the 2006–2007 flu season through the 2015–2016 flu season. Covers in-hospital mortality rates, average stay length, and cost. Includes data by patient location for metropolitan areas, rural adjacent to metro, and rural remote areas.
Author(s): Kathryn R. Fingar, Lan Liang, Carol Stocks
Date: 10/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
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