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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Health conditions

A Bivariate Mapping Tutorial for Cancer Control Resource Allocation Decisions and Interventions
Discusses the utility of geographic information systems software (ArcGIS) with public health data to inform resource allocation and public health interventions for cancer control planning. Provides step-by-step guidance for developing a bivariate choropleth map (map of two variables) using county data from South Carolina's Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System for cervical cancer screening, and data on the availability of cervical cancer screening providers in South Carolina's Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program.
Author(s): Claire Biesecker, Whitney E. Zahnd, Heather M. Brandt, Swann Arp Adams, Jan M. Eberth
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 17
Date: 01/2020
Type: Document
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Assessment of Rural-Urban Differences in Postacute Care Utilization and Outcomes Among Older US Adults
Results of a study of 2,044,231 Medicare beneficiaries who were hospitalized in 2011-2015 for pneumonia, stroke, heart failure, hip fracture, or COPD. Examines the frequency, type, and duration of postacute care, as well as readmission and mortality rates in people discharged to a community or to postacute care. Features statistics with breakdowns by urban area, rural community adjacent to urban area, or rural community nonadjacent to urban area.
Author(s): Cyrus M. Kosar, Lacey Loomer, Nasim B. Ferdows, et al.
Citation: JAMA Network Open, 3(1)
Date: 01/2020
Type: Document
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Assessing Indoor Environmental Control Practices by Race/Ethnicity Among Children With Asthma in 14 US States and Puerto Rico, 2013-2014
Results of a study measuring the association between race/ethnicity and practices such as use of air filters or pillow covers, using data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Asthma Call-back Survey Child Questionnaire. Features demographic statistics with breakdowns by a group of 14 states and Puerto Rico.
Author(s): Faye M. Rozwadowski, Ginger L. Chew, Hatice S. Zahran, Melissa L. Santorelli
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 16
Date: 12/2019
Type: Document
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Diabetes Prevention Program Sites Compared With Diabetes Prevalence and Ratio of Primary Care Physicians in Texas
Discusses the Texas Department of State Health Services (DSHS) partnership with state organizations to implement and increase access to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recognized Diabetes Prevention Programs (DPPs) providing evidence-based prevention education for type 2 diabetes. Texas maps with counties delineated identify the geographic location of DPPs in comparison to diagnosed diabetes prevalence, and the ratio of primary care physicians.
Author(s): Emily Peterson Johnson, Melissa Dunn, Maria Cooper, Nimisha Bhakta
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 16
Date: 12/2019
Type: Document
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Hospitalizations for Inflammatory Bowel Disease Among Medicare Fee-for-Service Beneficiaries — United States, 1999–2017
Reports on hospitalization for Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis among Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries, with data by location of patient residence for urban and rural areas. Includes information on hospitalization rates, surgery rates, readmission rates, mortality, and length of stay.
Author(s): Fang Xu, Anne G. Wheaton, Yong Liu, Hua Lu, Kurt J. Greenlund
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 68(49), 1134-1138
Date: 12/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Achieving Health Equity in Preventive Services: Evidence Summary
Summarizes research on achieving health equity in preventive services including screening, counseling, medication, and management for cancer, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes in adult patients by identifying the effects of impediments and barriers that create disparities, and the effectiveness of strategies and interventions to reduce them. Study reports barriers that resulted in, or explained a disparity in preventive service, and the effectiveness of the clinician-patient relationship, health information technology and health system intervention. Studies included African Americans, Hispanics, Korean and Chinese Americans, and rural and low-income patients.
Additional links: Full Report
Date: 12/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
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A Health Equity Approach to Obesity Efforts: Proceedings of a Workshop
Proceedings of a workshop focused on health equity in demographic groups with a higher risk of obesity and how to address those issues in obesity treatment and prevention efforts. Covers disparities in obesity prevalence, including for rural areas and American Indian/Alaska Natives, social determinants of health, community and public health approaches for preventing and treating obesity, and effective healthcare interventions.
Additional links: Read Online: Full Proceedings, Read Online: Summary, June 2019, Summary, June 2019
Author(s): Roundtable on Obesity Solutions
Date: 12/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Health and Medicine Division (HMD), National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
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Texas HIV Surveillance Report: Annual Report
Provides an annual update of county-level data on HIV infection and AIDS cases for Texas. Includes infection by transmission method, diagnoses by race/ethnicity and age group, data for criminal justice and immigration facilities, and more.
Date: 12/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Texas Department of State Health Services
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Opioid-Related Hospitalization and Its Association With Chronic Diseases: Findings From the National Inpatient Sample, 2011-2015
Results of a study examining whether opioid-related hospitalization is associated with cancer, stroke, obesity, asthma, liver or spinal disease, and arthritis. Features demographic statistics with breakdowns by urban or rural location.
Author(s): Janani Rajbhandari-Thapa, Donglan Zhang, Heather M. Padilla, Sae Rom Chung
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 16
Date: 11/2019
Type: Document
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HIV/AIDS in Rural America
Webinar recording discusses a report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) on th HIV incidence across the country, an HHS initiative to combat the spread of HIV, and Ryan White HIV/AIDS providers in rural areas. Features presentations from representatives from the CDC, HRSA, and Medical Advocacy and Outreach.
Additional links: Audio Recording, PowerPoint Handout, Webinar Transcript
Date: 11/2019
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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