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Resources by Topic: Health conditions

Stroke Prevention and Management in Rural Georgia: Evaluating the Effectiveness of a Community Paramedicine Program
Evaluates the effectiveness of a community paramedicine service delivery model for improving stroke outcomes for high risk residents of 2 rural Georgia counties. Assesses hospital readmissions and mortality for 22 study participants compared to 621 nonparticipants. Discusses risk factors, telehealth, and pandemic related challenges.
Author(s): Brandon Calvert, Rana Bayakly, Teri Newsome
Citation: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice, 30, S32-S38
Date: 07/2024
Type: Document
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Telehealth Trends and Hypertension Management Among Rural and Medicaid Patients After COVID-19
This study examines trends in primary care utilization and hypertension management among adults who visited Dartmouth Health System in 2017-2018 and 2022. Compares changes in synchronous and asynchronous primary care utilization and effective control of elevated blood pressure by rurality and Medicaid enrollment before and during the COVID-19 pandemic through 2022.
Author(s): Matthew Mackwood, Oleksandra Pashchenko, Christopher Leggett, et al.
Citation: Telemedicine and e-Health, 30(6), e1677-e1688
Date: 06/2024
Type: Document
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Healthcare Spending among Diverse Populations with Alzheimer's Disease and Related Dementias: A Claims-Based Analysis
Examines healthcare spending and utilization among commercially insured Alzheimer's disease and related dementia (ADRD) patients. Explores the impact of race and ethnicity, poverty, and urban/rural status on annual spending among ADRD patients by analyzing data from the FAIR Health National Private Insurance Claims between January 2016 and December 2023, along with demographic and socioeconomic data from the U.S. Census American Community Survey. Includes data on the probability of ADRD patients using different care venues and the average and expected amounts allowed within each venue based on sociodemographic characteristics.
Date: 06/2024
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: FAIR Health
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Distance as an Obstacle to Clinical Trial Access: Who Is Affected and Why It Matters
Evaluates factors associated with geographic remoteness of 60 miles or more from the nearest phase 2 or 3 clinical trial for a variety of health conditions. Discusses American Indian reservations and rural areas, and provides data on demographic factors associated with remoteness including race and ethnicity, educational attainment, and poverty. Includes a county-level interactive map of clinical trial remoteness for health conditions including cancers, substance use disorder, diabetes, obesity, COPD, stroke, and more.
Additional links: Interactive Map
Author(s): Andrew Friedson, Bumyang Kim, Maggie Switek, Lawson Mansell
Date: 06/2024
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: The Milken Institute
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Assessing How Alcohol Use Patterns Relate to Obesity among American Adolescents from Rural and Urban Areas: Five Years of Pooled Data
Analyzes the association between alcohol use and obesity among rural and urban adolescents aged 12-17. Utilizes 2015-2019 National Survey on Drug Use and Health data.
Author(s): Christian E. Vazquez, Fawn A. Brown, Faheem Ohri, Philip Baiden
Citation: PLoS ONE, 19(6), e0305638
Date: 06/2024
Type: Document
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Engagement Among Diverse Patient Backgrounds in a Remote Symptom Monitoring Program
Analyzes factors affecting engagement in a remote symptom monitoring (RSM) program among 1,998 patients who received treatment at Alabama cancer centers between May 2021 and May 2023. Includes data on likelihood of being approached for involvement in RSM and rates of program enrollment, adherence, and withdrawal. Factors considered include race (Black, White, or other), rural versus urban residence, and neighborhood disadvantage.
Author(s): Gabrielle B. Rocque, Nicole E. Caston, Keyonsis Hildreth, et al.
Citation: JCO Oncology Practice
Date: 06/2024
Type: Document
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Estimating the Burden and Distribution of Post–COVID-19 Condition in Washington State, March 2020–October 2023
Examines the prevalence of post–COVID-19 condition (PCC) in Washington State, utilizing a framework that incorporated data on reported COVID-19 cases and hospitalizations with estimates of PCC progression from the Household Pulse Survey. Includes data on population subgroups as well as a county-level map of Washington and corresponding chart showing PCC prevalence changes from January 2020 to January 2023.
Author(s): Arran Hamlet, Daniel Hoffman, Sharon Saydah, Ian Painter
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 21
Date: 06/2024
Type: Document
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Identifying Challenges and Solutions for Improving Access to Mental Health Services for Rural Youth: Insights from Adult Community Members
Presents a study on the barriers to accessing mental healthcare for rural youth in Washington State. Bases finding on interviews with community members, parents, teachers, and healthcare providers and discusses ways to overcome perceived barriers.
Author(s): Janessa M. Graves, Demetrius A. Abshire, Elissa Koontz, Jessica L. Mackelprang
Citation: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 21(6), 725
Date: 06/2024
Type: Document
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Impact of Rural Location on Receipt of Standard of Care Treatment and Survival for Locally Advanced Bladder Cancer in Louisiana
Examines whether rural or urban dwelling affects odds of receiving standard of care (SOC) treatment and survival outcomes among 983 locally advanced bladder cancer patients in Louisiana. Utilizes 2010-2020 Louisiana Tumor Registry data.
Author(s): Megan Escott, Yong Yi, Ashley Foret, et al.
Citation: Cancer Medicine, 13(12), e7301
Date: 06/2024
Type: Document
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Illinois County Cancer Incidence Projections 2022-2025
Provides projected incidence for various types of cancer by Illinois county, with data grouped according to 5-year projection counts: 2018-2022, 2019-2023, 2020-2024, and 2021-2025.
Date: 06/2024
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Illinois Department of Public Health
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