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Resources by Topic: Health screening

Cancer Screening Prevalence and Associated Factors Among US Adults
A compilation of Preventing Chronic Disease articles related to cancer screenings published between 2020 and 2022. Covers issues such as colorectal, breast, lung, and cervical cancer; cancer screening disparities in minority groups; and rural versus urban cancer screening disparities, among other topics.
Author(s): Arsham Alamian, Semra Aytur, Ronny A. Bell, et al.
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease
Date: 04/2022
Type: Document
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COVID-19 Testing Hits the Road in West Virginia
Examines a RADx Underserved Populations (RADx-UP) project bringing mobile COVID-19 testing to hard-to-reach communities in West Virginia. Describes strategies to reach communities of color and ways to establish partnerships with state and local organizations.
Date: 04/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Institutes of Health
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Factors Associated With Clinician Recommendations for Colorectal Cancer Screening Among Average-Risk Patients: Data From a National Survey
Examines if and when primary care clinicians (PCCs) and gastroenterologists (GIs) recommend colorectal cancer (CRC) screenings according to results from a 2019 online survey of 814 PCCs and 159 GIs. Discusses factors such as provider characteristics, number of patients, and practice location, including rural, suburban, or urban. Includes rural versus urban differences in routine CRC screening recommendation practices.
Author(s): Xuan Zhu, Emily Weiser, Debra J. Jacobson, et al.
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 19
Date: 04/2022
Type: Document
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Source Matters: A Survey of Cost Variation for Fecal Immunochemical Tests in Primary Care
Examines contextual factors associated with selection and cost of fecal immunochemical tests (FITs) for colorectal cancer screening, using data from surveys of primary care practices involved with the Oregon Rural Practice-based Research Network. Features statistics including type of FIT and cost, and characteristics of participating practices, with breakdowns by urban, rural, or frontier location.
Author(s): Jennifer Coury, Katrina Ramsey, Rose Gunn, Jon Judkins, Melinda Davis
Citation: BMC Health Services Research, 22(204)
Date: 02/2022
Type: Document
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A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial for a Multi-Level, Clinic-Based Smoking Cessation Program with Women in Appalachian Communities: Study Protocol for the "Break Free" Program
Results of a study to increase smoking cessation among women living in rural Appalachia, by embedding a smoking cessation program within a larger cervical cancer prevention program. Uses data from focus groups comprising 510 women from West Virginia, Ohio, Kentucky, and Virginia.
Author(s): Joanne G. Patterson, Tia N. Borger, Jessica L. Burris, et al.
Citation: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice, 17(11)
Date: 02/2022
Type: Document
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Perceptions and Practices for Colorectal and Cervical Cancer Prevention and Control in Rural Health Clinics in South Carolina
Fact sheet describing a study using interviews with 9 health practitioners to investigate cancer screening and prevention practices and perceptions at South Carolina Rural Health Clinics. Themes include cancer screening recommendations and multilevel barriers to cancer screening.
Author(s): Jan M. Eberth, Whitney E. Zahnd, Charlotte Galloway, et al.
Date: 02/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural and Minority Health Research Center (formerly the South Carolina Rural Health Research Center)
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Colorectal and Cervical Cancer Prevention in Rural Health Clinics in South Carolina
Fact sheet describing a 2019 study to investigate perceptions and practices regarding cervical and colorectal cancer prevention at South Carolina Rural Health Clinics. Features statistics on screening and preventive services offered on-site, adherence to screening age criteria, and evidence-based intervention strategies used to increase cancer screening.
Author(s): Jan M. Eberth, Whitney E. Zahnd, Victor Kirksey, et al.
Date: 02/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural and Minority Health Research Center (formerly the South Carolina Rural Health Research Center)
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Colorectal Cancer Community Engagement: A Qualitative Exploration of American Indian Voices from North Dakota
Presents a study on the barriers and facilitators of colorectal cancer screening for American Indian (AI) communities in North Dakota. Bases conclusions on interviews with AI adults between 30 and 75 years of age.
Author(s): Nicole Redvers, Mia Wilkinson, Courtney Fischer
Citation: BMC Cancer, 22, 158
Date: 02/2022
Type: Document
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Racial Disparities in Cancer Outcomes, Screening, and Treatment
Presents an overview of data on cancer incidence and mortality, risk factors, screening, treatment, and outcomes by race and ethnicity. Discusses factors contributing to racial cancer disparities, including inequities in health coverage and access to care, and social and economic factors, among others. Includes data on cancer disparities in rural communities.
Author(s): Michelle Tong, Latoya Hill, Samantha Artiga
Date: 02/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Kaiser Family Foundation
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Association of Rurality With Annual Repeat Lung Cancer Screening in the Veterans Health Administration
Reviews electronic health records of veterans in rural and nonrural areas who utilized Veterans Affairs medical centers from 2015 to 2019. Examines geographic trends among veteran populations who complete annual repeat lung cancer screenings. Includes information on barriers rural veterans face in accessing screenings and potential solutions to address them. Reports on rural versus nonrural data further broken down according to age, sex, race, ethnicity, and comorbidities, among other demographic information.
Author(s): Lucy B. Spalluto, Jennifer A. Lewis, Lauren R. Samuels, et al.
Citation: Journal of the American College of Radiology, 19(1 PB), 131-138
Date: 01/2022
Type: Document
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