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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Health screening

Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Use of Colorectal Cancer Screening among Adults With Chronic Medical Conditions: BRFSS 2012–2020
Compares racial and ethnic variation in colorectal cancer (CRC) screening rates, with breakdowns by number of chronic conditions. Utilizes 2012-2020 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data. Table includes a statistic on CRC screening in nonmetro areas.
Author(s): Maria A. Castañeda-Avila, Mayra Tisminetzky, Atinuke G. Oyinbo, Kate Lapane
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 21, 230257
Date: 02/2024
Type: Document
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Comparative Effectiveness of Two Interventions to Increase Colorectal Cancer Screening among Females Living in the Rural Midwest
Compares the effectiveness of tailored interventions using audiovisual media and patient navigation versus usual care on colorectal screening rates for women in the rural Indiana and Ohio. Discusses the implication of findings on access to care for rural residents. Includes breakdown of participant level of rurality and other demographic characteristics.
Author(s): Eric A. Vachon, Mira L. Katz, Susan M. Rawl, et al.
Citation: Journal of Rural Health, 2024
Date: 02/2024
Type: Document
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NCHS Rapid Surveys System: Breast Cancer Screening
Interactive data showing breast cancer screening data for women over 30. Includes data breakdown by time since screening, screening outcomes, and various patient characteristics such as age, race and ethnicity, urbanicity, and more. Data gathered by the National Center for Health Statistics in August 2023.
Date: 02/2024
Type: Chart/Graph
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Health Statistics
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Real-World Trends, Rural-Urban Differences, and Socioeconomic Disparities in Utilization of Narrow Versus Broad Next-Generation Sequencing Panels
Analyzes oncology genomic panel utilization of 9,886 subjects who received testing between January 2016 and June 2020. Provides data on test panel sizes and clinical trial matching status, with breakdowns by level of socioeconomic deprivation and rural or urban status. Describes trends in genomic testing, and discusses the significance of testing access to equity in cancer care.
Author(s): Yiqing Zhao, Anastasios Dimou, Zachary C. Fogarty, et al.
Citation: Cancer Research Communications, 4(2), 303-311
Date: 02/2024
Type: Document
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Rural Cancer Disparities from Oklahoma Cancer and Vital Records Registries 2016-2020
Evaluates cancer disparities in Oklahoma counties using 2016-2020 Oklahoma State Department of Health data, with breakdowns by urban, large rural, and small rural setting. Provides statistics, including population characteristics, on cancer incidence, specific cancers, mortality, and stage of diagnosis. Highlights concerns related to insurance coverage, cancer screening, and treatment in rural areas.
Author(s): Janis E. Campbell, Ayesha B. Sambo, Lauri A. Hunsucker, Stephanie F. Pharr, Mark P. Doescher
Citation: Cancer Epidemiology, 88, 102512
Date: 02/2024
Type: Document
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Evaluating an Enterprise-Wide Initiative to Enhance Healthcare Coordination for Rural Women Veterans Using the RE-AIM Framework
Evaluates success of a program to expand access to cancer screenings and maternal healthcare for rural female Veterans in the areas of reach, effectiveness, adoption, implementation, and maintenance in 14 Veterans Health Administration facilities.
Author(s): Mark R. Relyea, Rebecca L. Kinney, Eric C. DeRycke, et al
Citation: Frontiers in Health Services 3, 1237701
Date: 01/2024
Type: Document
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Methods for Scaling up an Outreach Intervention to Increase Colorectal Cancer Screening Rates in Rural Areas
Describes a method for scaling up a rural colorectal cancer (CRC) screening outreach program which utilizes mailed fecal immunochemical tests (FIT) and patient navigation. Discusses planning and implementation, including training and evaluation.
Author(s): Jennifer Coury, Gloria Coronado, Jessica J. Currier, et al.
Citation: Implementation Science Communications, 5, 6
Date: 01/2024
Type: Document
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Child Maltreatment 2022
Reports on rates of children receiving child protective services, children who died of abuse and neglect, and children who are victims of maltreatment, using data collected from the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS). Offers information on availability and access to child protective services at the state and territory level, including how some counties respond to child abuse and neglect screenings, referrals, and the provision of services. Includes data broken down by race/ethnicity as well as discussions specific to rural and tribal areas.
Date: 01/2024
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
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The Effect of Disability and Social Determinants of Health on Breast and Cervical Cancer Screenings During the COVID-19 Pandemic
Examines the effect of disability status and social determinants of health on rates of adherence to breast and cervical cancer screening recommendations during the COVID-19 pandemic. Utilizes 2018 and 2020 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data. Includes statistics and discussion of rural-urban screening disparities.
Author(s): LaShae D. Rolle, Maurice J. Chery, Michaela Larson, et al.
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 21, 230234
Date: 01/2024
Type: Document
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Rural-Urban Disparities in Colorectal Cancer Screening, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Survivorship Care: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Systematic review of 39 studies on rural-urban colorectal cancer (CRC) disparities. Summarizes study results related to CRC screening, stage at diagnosis, treatment, and survivorship care. Discusses barriers to access, identifies trends, and evaluates study characteristics.
Author(s): Aryana Sepassi, Meng Li, Jason Zell, Alexandre Chan, Ila M Saunders, Dana B Mukamel
Citation: The Oncologist, 2024
Date: 01/2024
Type: Document
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