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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Hospitals

Availability of Hospital-Based Emergency Department and Trauma Services in Minoritized Racial/Ethnic Group Areas
Explores the availability of hospital-based emergency department and trauma services nationwide across ZIP Code Tabulation Areas (ZCTAs) categorized by rurality and racial and ethnic composition. Provides data on the median distance to the nearest emergency department and trauma service by rurality in minoritized and non-minoritized ZCTA and the percent of ZCTAs more than 30 miles from emergency department and trauma services by Census region.
Author(s): Nabil Natafgi, Peiyin Hung, Whitney E. Zahnd, et al.
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural and Minority Health Research Center (formerly the South Carolina Rural Health Research Center)
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Madison Medical Center Hospital Spotlight
Discusses how the Delta Region Community Health Systems Development Program helped Madison Medical Center use health outcome data and community partnerships to launch an initiative to address high obesity rates.
Date: 09/2022
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: National Rural Health Resource Center
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Sparta Community Hospital Spotlight
Describes how the Sparta Community Hospital worked to identify the social determinants of health in its community. Discusses the addition of a mobile clinic to increase access to primary care, address barriers, and advance health equity.
Date: 09/2022
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: National Rural Health Resource Center
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MedPAC Comment on CMS's Proposed Rule on the Payment Systems for Hospital Outpatient Departments and Ambulatory Surgical Centers for 2023
Comments on a July 26, 2022, Federal Register proposed rule revising the Medicare Hospital Outpatient Prospective Payment System (OPPS) and Medicare Ambulatory Surgical Center (ACS) payment system for calendar year 2023. Includes considerations for payment for 340B drugs, additional facility payments for Rural Emergency Hospitals, telehealth rehabilitation services beyond the COVID-19 public health emergency, and efforts for measuring equity and healthcare quality disparities.
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Medicare Payment Advisory Commission
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Rural Hospital Closures Threaten Access: Solutions to Preserve Care in Local Communities
Provides an overview of rural hospital closures between 2010-2021. Discusses rural demographics and outlines trends affecting rural hospital financial sustainability, including patient volume and health, reimbursement, staffing shortages, COVID-19, new models of care, and more.
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: American Hospital Association
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Caring for Rural Patients at End of Life: Perceptions of Critical Access Hospital Nurses
Presents the findings of a survey of 188 Critical Access Hospital (CAH) nurses from 39 facilities providing end of life care to rural patients. Describes obstacles and helpful behaviors related to family behaviors and attitudes, time to deliver end of life care, access to resources and assistive personnel, and CAH-specific obstacles to providing end of life care.
Author(s): Renea L. Beckstrand, Trissa M. Lyman, Karlen E. Luthy, Janelle L.B. Macintosh
Citation: American Journal of Critical Care, 31(5), 375-382
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
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The University of Arizona Center for Rural Health Annual Report, FY 2022
Highlights the Center for Rural Health's accomplishments, and describes challenges and opportunities for improving the health of rural Arizonans in the upcoming year. Discusses the Arizona Rural Hospital Flexibility program (AzFLEX, the Arizona Small Rural Hospital Improvement Program (AzSHIP), and other programs.
Date: 08/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Arizona Center for Rural Health
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Providing High-Quality Support to Pregnant People and Their Families in Racially Diverse Rural Communities
Presents a series of case studies of how hospitals and health systems with obstetric units in racially diverse rural communities work to meet patient needs and provide evidence-based, supportive services during pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period. Highlights communities in Colorado, Alaska, and Texas and discusses key features of programs at hospitals or health systems in each area.
Date: 08/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
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Pinckneyville Community Hospital Spotlight Video
Discusses how the Delta Region Community Health Systems Development Program helped Pinckneyville Community Hospital improve overall community health and wellness and decrease emergency room admissions by focusing on care coordination and working with community partners, collaborating with a nearby hospital, and addressing the social determinants of health in their community.
Date: 08/2022
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: National Rural Health Resource Center
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What Happens When a Hospital Closes?
Podcast episode discussing the impact of rural hospital closures and obstetrics units on their communities. Explores why facilities and units close and the impact of closures on mortality, prenatal care, maternal and infant health outcomes, and access to quality care.
Date: 08/2022
Type: Audio
Sponsoring organization: Freakonomics
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