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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Infrastructure

Rural Water Infrastructure: Federal Agencies Provide Funding but Could Increase Coordination to Help Communities
Discusses the issues impacting rural water and wastewater systems, including the need to upgrade aging and obsolete infrastructure. Identifies federal agencies that provide funding and technical assistance to rural communities related to drinking water and wastewater.
Additional links: Full Report
Date: 02/2015
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Government Accountability Office
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Development of a Nationally Representative Built Environment Measure of Access to Exercise Opportunities
Describes the development of a county-level measure of residents' access to physical exercise opportunities, based on proximity to parks and recreational facilities. This measure is used in County Health Rankings & Roadmaps. Includes a national map showing county-level access to adequate exercise options.
Author(s): Anne M. Roubal, Amanda Jovaag, Hyojun Park, Keith P. Gennuso
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 12
Date: 01/2015
Type: Document
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Ground Water Contamination - Getting Up to Speed
An overview of natural and man-made sources of ground water contamination. Discusses the health effects of contamination, as well as federal regulations related to water quality.
Date: 2015
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
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Rural Communities: A Two-Pronged Approach for Improving Walking and Bicycling
Outlines infrastructure solutions rural communities can use to encourage and support biking and walking, as a means of improving the health of rural residents.
Date: 2015
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Safe Routes to School National Partnership
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Rural Communities: Making Safe Routes Work
Describes the benefits of making walking and biking safer for rural children. Discusses implementing the Safe Routes to School approach in rural communities, with ideas for how to get started.
Date: 2015
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Safe Routes to School National Partnership
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Assessing Environmental Support for Better Health: Active Living Opportunity Audits in Rural Communities in the Southern United States
Describes the built environment, policies, and availability of facilities for physical activity in eight rural communities, four in Alabama and four in the Mississippi Delta, to inform diet and physical activity interventions. Acts as part of a partnership to eliminate cancer health disparities in the Deep South. Includes community data by Rural Active Living Assessment (RALA) measures, such as sidewalks, destinations, and walk-ability.
Author(s): Jennifer C. Robinson, Tiffany L. Carson, Erica R. Johnson, et al.
Citation: Preventive Medicine, 66, 28-33
Date: 09/2014
Type: Document
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Perceived Correlates of Domain-Specific Physical Activity in Rural Adults in the Midwest
Examines the levels of physical activity of rural adults in southeastern Iowa in various environments and the barriers to being active. The study uses the Kaiser Physical Activity Survey to record the rates of exercise in the domains of home care, work, active living, and sport.
Author(s): Matthew Chrisman, Faryle Nothwehr, Jingzen Yang, Jacob Oleson
Citation: Journal of Rural Health, 30(4), 352-358
Date: 09/2014
Type: Document
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An Interview with Lisa Davis
The director of the Pennsylvania Office of Rural Health discusses innovative programs, hydraulic fracking, and her work in prisons.
Author(s): Beth Blevins
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 05/2014
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Washeteria Closures, Infectious Disease and Community Health in Rural Alaska: A Review of Clinical Data in Kivalina, Alaska
Assesses the rates of gastrointestinal, respiratory, and skin infections associated with prolonged washeteria closures for a village of 400 people on an Alaskan barrier island. There is no in-home piped water or sewage on the barrier island; the washeteria is the village's only source providing public showers, laundry facilities, and flush toilets.
Author(s): Timothy K. Thomas, Jake Bell, Dana Bruden, Millie Hawley, Michael Brubaker
Citation: International Journal of Circumpolar Health, 72(1)
Date: 08/2013
Type: Document
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Creating Equitable, Healthy, and Sustainable Communities: Strategies for Advancing Smart Growth, Environmental Justice, and Equitable Development
Identifies strategies that tribal areas, rural communities, suburbs and cities can use to build healthy, sustainable, and inclusive communities. Strategies involve culture, public health, infrastructure, economics, housing, transportation, and schools.
Author(s): Megan McConville, Heather Case, Susan Conbere, et al.
Date: 02/2013
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
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