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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Mortality

Prevalence and Mortality of Heart Disease and Related Conditions: Disparities Affecting the South, Rural Areas, and American Indian and Alaska Natives
Policy brief describing trends in the prevalence of stroke, angina or coronary heart disease, and heart attack from 2011-2015, and assessing trends in mortality for heart disease and associated conditions from 2006-2016. Explores whether disease-related mortality and prevalence of disease varied across region, rurality, and time period. Features statistics including mortality from congestive heart failure, stroke and cerebrovascular disease, and ischemic heart disease in 2016, with breakdowns by 6 levels of population density.
Author(s): Samuel D. Towne, Jr., Timothy H. Callaghan, Alva O. Ferdinand, et al.
Date: 11/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Southwest Rural Health Research Center
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Potentially Excess Deaths from the Five Leading Causes of Death in Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Counties — United States, 2010–2017
Reports on the rural-urban disparities regarding potentially preventable deaths caused by heart disease, cancer, unintentional injury, chronic lower respiratory disease (CLRD), and stroke for populations less than 80 years of age. Updates a January 2017 report on the same topic, with the new report using a 6-level urban-rural classification scheme and adding additional years and annual percentage change information.
Additional links: Supplementary Table 1: Number of Potentially Excess Deaths, by HHS Region and Urban-Rural Classification, Supplementary Table 2: Percentage of Potentially Excess Deaths, by HHS Region and Urban-Rural Classification, Supplementary Table 3: Number of Potentially Excess Deaths, by State for Metro and Nonmetro, Supplementary Table 4: Percentage of Potentially Excess Deaths, by State for Metro and Nonmetro
Author(s): Macarena C. Garcia, Lauren M. Rossen, Brigham Bastian, et al.
Citation: MMWR Surveillance Summaries, 68(10), 1-11
Date: 11/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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The Opioid Hydra: Understanding Overdose Mortality Epidemics and Syndemics Across the Rural-Urban Continuum
Documents the trends in drug overdose mortality by opioid type along the rural‐urban continuum. Identifies the opioid overdose mortality epidemics and opioid syndemic mortality rates by core-based statistical area (metropolitan and non-metropolitan county). Discusses the socioeconomic indicators including demographic, drug risk, and economic characteristics of communities affected by the different classes of opioid overdose epidemics.
Author(s): David J. Peters, Shannon M. Monnat, Andrew L. Hochstetler, et al.
Citation: Rural Sociology, 2019, 1-3
Date: 10/2019
Type: Document
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Maternal Health Begins Where Moms Live, Learn, and Work
Discusses the social and healthcare influences, particularly in rural areas, on maternal health and its effect on maternal mortality. Compares rural county and urban county data for Arizona state Medicaid coverage, amount of prenatal care received and when it was received, and the poverty rate.
Author(s): Koch, B., Brady, B., Coates, S., et al.
Date: 10/2019
Type: Document
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Rural Availability of the Obstetrics & Gynecology Physician Workforce
Provides data on the number of OB/GYN physicians, and hospitals with obstetric care by county in Arizona. Includes data on the educational training of OB/GYN physicians in the state, and addresses the effect of OB/GYN workforce shortages on rural women.
Author(s): Koch, B., Coates, S., Brady, B., et al.
Date: 10/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Arizona Center for Rural Health
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Risk Factors and Potentially Preventable Deaths in Rural Communities
Compares rates of potentially avoidable deaths in rural and urban communities and shows how these deaths vary by census region. Features statistics on modifiable risk factors, such as smoking, excessive alcohol use, and obesity, and percent of potentially preventable deaths attributable to specific health conditions, with breakdowns by rural and urban areas.
Author(s): Mark Holmes, Kristie W. Thompson
Date: 10/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: North Carolina Rural Health Research Program
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Vital Signs: Burden and Prevention of Influenza and Pertussis Among Pregnant Women and Infants — United States
Examines influenza-associated hospitalization among pregnant women and infant hospitalization and death associated with influenza and pertussis. Includes data on vaccination rates for influenza and Tdap (tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis) among pregnant women in rural and nonrural areas.
Author(s): Megan C. Lindley, Katherine E. Kahn, Barbara H. Bardenheier, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 68(40), 885-892
Date: 10/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Maternal Characteristics and Infant Outcomes in Appalachia and the Delta
Compares maternal characteristics and poor infant outcomes for women and children in the Delta and Appalachia regions with the rest of the United States. Includes charts showing distribution of births, preterm births, and infant mortality with data broken down by maternal characteristics such as race, ethnicity, and age.
Additional links: Supplemental Tables
Author(s): Anne Driscoll, Danielle Ely
Citation: National Vital Statistics Reports, 68(11)
Date: 09/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Health Statistics
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Maternal Mortality in the United States
Provides an overview of maternal mortality in the United States. Discusses the increase in maternal mortality rates and factors that contribute to maternal deaths. Includes information specific to rural maternal mortality. Identifies policy solutions, including state maternal mortality review committees, and highlights efforts in California and North Carolina to address maternal mortality.
Author(s): Tara O'Neill Hayes, Carly McNeil
Date: 09/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: American Action Forum
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Urban-Rural Differences in Injury and Drug Overdose Death Rates: Data from the National Vital Statistics System
Webinar recording discusses two reports from the National Center for Health Statistics detailing mortality from injuries and opioids in rural versus urban areas. Features presentations by representatives form the National Center for Health Statistics.
Additional links: Audio Recording, PowerPoint Handout, Webinar Transcript
Date: 08/2019
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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