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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Health disparities

Spatial Analysis of Colorectal Cancer Outcomes and Socioeconomic Factors in Virginia
Shares the results of a spatial analysis of colorectal cancer outcomes in Virginia. Identifies demographic, socioeconomic, and other factors related to healthcare access that impact colorectal cancer disparities. Includes tables and maps sharing rural versus urban data and information.
Author(s): Esther J. Thatcher, Fabian Camacho, Roger T. Anderson, et al.
Citation: BMC Public Health, 21, 1908
Date: 10/2021
Type: Document
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Out of the Shadows: Reducing the Rural Impact of Epilepsy
Provides an overview of epilepsy in rural areas, including the impact that driving restrictions can have on rural people with epilepsy. Discusses rural management approaches, including self-management programs, Seizure First Aid, and Seizure Safe Schools.
Author(s): Kay Miller Temple
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 10/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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The Association of Rurality and Breast Cancer Stage at Diagnosis: A National Study of the SEER Cancer Registry
Examines the extent to which rural residents are diagnosed with breast cancer at later stages of disease using data from the 2017 Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) cancer registry. Presents statistics by patient characteristics including age, race and ethnicity, and health insurance status. Compares results by urban and rural status and by the degree of rurality.
Author(s): David V. Evans, C. Holly A. Andrilla, Rachel L. Yung, Davis G. Patterson
Date: 10/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center
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Mental Health Treatment Among Adults: United States, 2020
Report highlights the rates of mental health treatment provided to adults in 2020. Breaks down the data by type of treatment received and by patient race, gender, and whether they lived in a large metropolitan, medium or small metropolitan, or nonmetropolitan community.
Author(s): Emily P. Terlizzi, Tina Norris
Date: 10/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Health Statistics
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Which Definition of Rurality Should I Use?: The Relative Performance of 8 Federal Rural Definitions in Identifying Rural-Urban Disparities
Study comparing 8 definitions of rural used by the federal government in order to understand how often the same areas were identified as rural and to measure rural-urban disparities related to socioeconomic status, demographics, healthcare access, and health outcomes. Analyzes 20210 census tract-level spatial data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 2014-2019 5-year American Community Survey (ACS) population estimates, the Provider of Services file, and the National Plan and Provider Enumeration System files from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS).
Author(s): Julianna C. Long, Paul L. Delamater, George M. Holmes
Citation: Medical Care, 59, S413-S419
Date: 10/2021
Type: Document
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Provisional Death Counts for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): Health Disparities
Provides provisional COVID-19 death counts based on death certificate data received and coded by the National Center for Health Statistics. Includes weekly death rate data for metropolitan and nonmetropolitan counties.
Date: 10/2021
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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COVID-19 Vaccine Coverage Index
Identifies barriers each county is likely to face in achieving high COVID-19 vaccine coverage. Provides county-level information on historic undervaccination, sociodemographic barriers, resource-constrained healthcare systems, healthcare accessibility barriers, and irregular care seeking behavior. Report includes discussion of rural-specific barriers and concerns.
Additional links: Report: The U.S. COVID-19 Vaccine Coverage Index: Leaving No Community Behind in the COVID-19 Vaccine Rollout
Date: 10/2021
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Surgo Ventures
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COVID Urban Rural Explorer (CURE)
Provides data on COVID-19 cases and deaths in metropolitan and nonmetro areas. Identifies nonmetro counties experiencing spikes in COVID-19 cases, and offers county-level data on cases and deaths, the number of hospital beds, and population density.
Date: 10/2021
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Washington State University
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COVID-19 Health Equity Interactive Dashboard
Interactive map containing county- and state-level data on COVID-19 vaccination, cases, and deaths in the U.S. Illustrates relationships between COVID-19 outcomes and various social determinants of health, such as population density, poverty, underlying health conditions, urban/rural status, and more.
Date: 10/2021
Type: Map/Mapping System
Sponsoring organization: Emory University
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COVID-19 and Opioid Use Disorder - Expanding Treatment Access in Rural Settings
Details a study on substance use disorder treatment access in rural areas during the COVID-19 pandemic. Highlights barriers to treatment in rural areas, such as unemployment, social isolation, and psychological stressors, among others. Discusses methods for overcoming these barriers, such as the use of telehealth.
Author(s): Mercy Ngosa Mumba, Jessica Jaiswal, Natalia Langner-Smith, et al.
Citation: Nursing, 51(9), 44-47
Date: 09/2021
Type: Document
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