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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Health disparities

Reviewing the Broken Promises Report: Examining the Chronic Federal Funding Shortfalls in Indian Country
Video recording and testimony from a November 19, 2019 House Committee on Natural Resources Subcommittee for Indigenous Peoples of the United States hearing focused on the U.S. Commission on Human Rights report Broken Promises: Continuing Federal Funding Shortfall for Native Americans, which evaluated federal spending on Native American programs.
Date: 11/2019
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: House Committee on Natural Resources Subcommittee for Indigenous Peoples of the United States
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Video: How Communities Are Working Together to Improve Access to Care in Rural Communities
Discusses physician shortages in rural Oklahoma and highlights a public-private partnership working to improve access. Details the partnership between Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Oklahoma, the Physician Manpower Training Commission, Oklahoma Medical Association, Texas County, and Memorial Hospital of Texas County.
Date: 11/2019
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: Blue Cross Blue Shield
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Prevalence and Mortality of Heart Disease and Related Conditions: Disparities Affecting the South, Rural Areas, and American Indian and Alaska Natives
Policy brief describing trends in the prevalence of stroke, angina or coronary heart disease, and heart attack from 2011-2015, and assessing trends in mortality for heart disease and associated conditions from 2006-2016. Explores whether disease-related mortality and prevalence of disease varied across region, rurality, and time period. Features statistics including mortality from congestive heart failure, stroke and cerebrovascular disease, and ischemic heart disease in 2016, with breakdowns by 6 levels of population density.
Author(s): Samuel D. Towne, Jr., Timothy H. Callaghan, Alva O. Ferdinand, et al.
Date: 11/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Southwest Rural Health Research Center
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The Report of the 2019 Southern LGBTQ Health Survey
Results of a convenience sample of 5,617 respondents detailing their experiences of LGBTQ health and healthcare in the South. Features demographics and self-reported statistics on physical and mental health ratings, healthcare quality, abuse and violence, insurance, dental care, HIV diagnoses, and disparities in reported health ratings by urban or rural location.
Additional links: Executive Summary
Author(s): Chase Harless, Megan Nanney, Austin H. Johnson, et al.
Date: 11/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Southern LGBTQ Health Initiative, Western North Carolina Community Health Services
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Lung Cancer Incidence in Nonmetropolitan and Metropolitan Counties — United States, 2007–2016
Reports on lung cancer incidence rates in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan counties, with data by sex and by age at diagnosis. Includes data for 2007 and 2016, as well as the change in rate from 2007 to 2016. Discusses strategies to reduce exposure to lung cancer risk factors and how those strategies might be targeted to decrease disparities.
Author(s): Mary Elizabeth O'Neil, S. Jane Henley, Elizabeth A. Rohan, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 68(44), 993-998
Date: 11/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Potentially Excess Deaths from the Five Leading Causes of Death in Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Counties — United States, 2010–2017
Reports on the rural-urban disparities regarding potentially preventable deaths caused by heart disease, cancer, unintentional injury, chronic lower respiratory disease (CLRD), and stroke for populations less than 80 years of age. Updates a January 2017 report on the same topic, with the new report using a 6-level urban-rural classification scheme and adding additional years and annual percentage change information.
Additional links: Supplementary Table 1: Number of Potentially Excess Deaths, by HHS Region and Urban-Rural Classification, Supplementary Table 2: Percentage of Potentially Excess Deaths, by HHS Region and Urban-Rural Classification, Supplementary Table 3: Number of Potentially Excess Deaths, by State for Metro and Nonmetro, Supplementary Table 4: Percentage of Potentially Excess Deaths, by State for Metro and Nonmetro
Author(s): Macarena C. Garcia, Lauren M. Rossen, Brigham Bastian, et al.
Citation: MMWR Surveillance Summaries, 68(10), 1-11
Date: 11/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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2018 National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Report
Provides a comprehensive summary and data analysis of healthcare quality and access in the U.S. Includes a discussion of disparities encountered by race/ethnicity and geographic locations along the rural-urban continuum. Addresses access to healthcare, patient safety, person-centered care, care coordination, affordability, healthy living, and effective treatment.
Date: 10/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
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Subcommittee on Health Oversight Hearing: Native Veterans' Access to Healthcare
Discusses the current state of healthcare access for Native American veterans. Features testimonies from representatives from the National Indian Health Board, the National Congress of American Indians, and the Alaska Native Health Board, among others.
Additional links: Witness Testimonies
Date: 10/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: House Veterans' Affairs Committee, Subcommittee on Health
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Translational Science: Research with Results that Touch Rural Populations
Provides an overview of translational science and the role of the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS). Discusses how NCATS is working to ensure rural communities benefit from translated science. Features a New York telehealth program addressing Parkinson Disease that is helping rural patients.
Author(s): Kay Miller Temple
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 10/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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NIH National Center for Advancing Translational Science: Involving Rural America in Research
Features translational science teams in Arkansas, Florida, and Washington that are helping ensure new scientific findings are being used in rural communities to help patients. Discusses community engagement, the role of the electronic health record in data sharing, and collaboration with cooperative extension.
Author(s): Kay Miller Temple
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 10/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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