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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Population health

Access to Autism Spectrum Disorder Services for Rural Appalachian Citizens
Summarizes the challenges of accessibility and affordability faced by residents of rural southwest Virginia as they seek services for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Highlights the effects of extreme poverty and the need for cultural sensitivity among service providers. Offers suggestions for policymakers and features demographic statistics on caregivers and providers.
Author(s): Angela Scarpa, Laura S. Jensen, Denis Gracanin, Sharon L. Ramey, Angela V. Dahiya
Citation: Journal of Appalachian Health, 2(1), 25-40
Date: 2020
Type: Document
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A Healthy Attitude: Rural Leaders in TN County Organize to Address Well-Being in Appalachia
Describes ways in which local leaders in Grundy County, Tennessee implemented programs to promote physical activity, support children and families, increase access to philanthropic resources, and establish a working relationship with a nearby university.
Author(s): Tim Marema, Erin Bouldin
Citation: Journal of Appalachian Health, 2(1), 60-64
Date: 2020
Type: Document
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Development and Early Outcomes of the Watauga Compassionate Community Initiative, North Carolina
Examines the work of a rural North Carolina community group dedicated to promoting health and resiliency on the local level, by preventing childhood trauma and helping adults who had adverse childhood experiences. Describes their organizing model, including goals of raising awareness, using data to inform actions, and creating context for health families through policies.
Author(s): Tim Marema, Erin Bouldin
Citation: Journal of Appalachian Health, 2(1), 41-46
Date: 2020
Type: Document
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Birth Settings in America: Outcomes, Quality, Access, and Choice
Examines factors that influence maternal and newborn care in the United States, including social determinants such as geographic variability in access to birth settings. Explores challenges faced by women in rural and underserved areas. Includes statistics on infant mortality rates in 2014 with breakdowns by rural or urban locations, and county-level maps showing access to providers and hospitals offering obstetric services.
Additional links: Read Online
Author(s): Board on Children, Youth, and Families
Date: 2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Health and Medicine Division (HMD), National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
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The Strong African American Families Program Improves Lives of Rural African American Youth
Video with transcript, describing a program developed by the Center for Family Research at the University of Georgia, designed to foster wellbeing and improve outcomes for rural African American young people ages 10-14. Describes challenges they face, and explores ways in which the program strengthens parenting, promotes youth protective factors, and decreases the likelihood that participants will engage in high-risk behaviors, including substance abuse.
Date: 12/2019
Type: Document, Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: National Institute on Drug Abuse
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An Analysis of Utah's Emergency Department Non-traumatic Dental Visits 2007-2017
Report explores the non-traumatic oral healthcare visits handled by emergency departments in Utah from 2007 to 2017. Looks at data by rural and urban hospital location, diagnosis, and payers, among other measures.
Author(s): Michelle Martin, Michelle Silver, Brittney Okada, et al.
Date: 12/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Utah Department of Health
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Congestive Heart Failure-Related Hospital Deaths Across the Urban-Rural Continuum in the United States
Examines current trends in congestive heart failure (CHF)-related hospital deaths with an emphasis on rural-urban differences for each census region. 2009-2014 data from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) was used, focusing on adult hospital admissions with CHF identified as the principal diagnosis. Results from this study may aid in identifying geographic areas needing interventions to improve access to care and to reduce CHF mortality.
Author(s): Kristin Primm, Alva O. Ferdinand, Timothy Callaghan, et al.
Citation: Preventive Medicine Reports, 16
Date: 12/2019
Type: Document
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Assessing Indoor Environmental Control Practices by Race/Ethnicity Among Children With Asthma in 14 US States and Puerto Rico, 2013-2014
Results of a study measuring the association between race/ethnicity and practices such as use of air filters or pillow covers, using data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Asthma Call-back Survey Child Questionnaire. Features demographic statistics with breakdowns by a group of 14 states and Puerto Rico.
Author(s): Faye M. Rozwadowski, Ginger L. Chew, Hatice S. Zahran, Melissa L. Santorelli
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 16
Date: 12/2019
Type: Document
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Quarterly Therapy Access Monitoring Report
Analyzes pediatric acute care therapy services data for physical, occupational and speech therapies, as required quarterly by the Texas State Legislative Budget Board and the Governor, to determine any adverse impact in access to care in rural, micro, and metro counties.
Date: 12/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Texas Health and Human Services Commission
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Diabetes Prevention Program Sites Compared With Diabetes Prevalence and Ratio of Primary Care Physicians in Texas
Discusses the Texas Department of State Health Services (DSHS) partnership with state organizations to implement and increase access to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recognized Diabetes Prevention Programs (DPPs) providing evidence-based prevention education for type 2 diabetes. Texas maps with counties delineated identify the geographic location of DPPs in comparison to diagnosed diabetes prevalence, and the ratio of primary care physicians.
Author(s): Emily Peterson Johnson, Melissa Dunn, Maria Cooper, Nimisha Bhakta
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 16
Date: 12/2019
Type: Document
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