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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Post-acute care

Assessment of Rural-Urban Differences in Postacute Care Utilization and Outcomes Among Older US Adults
Results of a study of 2,044,231 Medicare beneficiaries who were hospitalized in 2011-2015 for pneumonia, stroke, heart failure, hip fracture, or COPD. Examines the frequency, type, and duration of postacute care, as well as readmission and mortality rates in people discharged to a community or to postacute care. Features statistics with breakdowns by urban area, rural community adjacent to urban area, or rural community nonadjacent to urban area.
Author(s): Cyrus M. Kosar, Lacey Loomer, Nasim B. Ferdows, et al.
Citation: JAMA Network Open, 3(1)
Date: 01/2020
Type: Document
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Quality Measures for Critical Access Hospital Swing-Bed Patients
Policy brief describing a study to identify quality measures for Critical Access Hospital (CAH) swing-bed patients, focused on outcome and functional status measures. Includes information from key informant interviews on discharge disposition and 30-day follow-up status.
Author(s): Michelle Casey, Ira Moscovice, Henry Stabler
Date: 10/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
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Medicare Payment Basics: Skilled Nursing Facility Services Payment System
Overview of Medicare payments for skilled nursing and rehabilitation services and discusses changes to the payment rates as of October, 2019 based on components of care. Describes what constitutes a skilled nursing facility and how with CMS approval small, rural hospitals and critical access hospitals may be used to provide these services. Compares Medicare daily base rates for urban and rural skilled nursing facilities.
Date: 10/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Medicare Payment Advisory Commission
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Medicare Payment Basics: Inpatient Rehabilitation Facilities Payment System
Overview of Medicare's payment system for inpatient rehabilitation services in freestanding facilities or within acute care hospitals. Demonstrates how payment rates are adjusted to account for certain facility characteristics including facilities in rural areas.
Date: 10/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Medicare Payment Advisory Commission
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States' Medicaid Fee-for-Service Nursing Facility Payment Policies
Spreadsheet outlining each state's Medicaid fee-for-service (FFS) nursing facility payment policy. Lists how each state sets the payment rate and any adjustments and supplemental payments. Includes information on rural/urban aspects of setting or adjustment to the payment in each state.
Date: 10/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Medicaid and CHIP Payment and Access Commission
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Home Health Chartbook, 2019
Provides an overview of home health including patient demographics and clinical profiles, organizational trends, the economic contribution of home health agencies, and patient outcomes. Includes charts and graphs throughout, as well as state-by-state data. Slide 8 highlights the rural-urban distribution of home health users.
Date: 09/2019
Type: Presentation Slides
Sponsoring organizations: Alliance for Home Health Quality and Innovation, Avalere Health
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Small Rural Hospital Transition (SRHT) Project Guide: A Rural Hospital Guide to Improving Care Management: 2019 Update
A guide for rural hospital leadership that identifies best practices in care management. Addresses care management roles and staffing needs and covers utilization review and discharge planning. Helps identify opportunities for process improvement. Also discusses competencies needed to transition to a value-based reimbursement environment focused on population health.
Author(s): Stroudwater
Date: 08/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Rural Health Resource Center
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Patient Experience and Function, Fall 2018 Cycle: CDP Report
Evaluates 5 new measures related to patient function and experience of care and supports using them for quality improvement efforts and public reporting. Measures focus on care coordination, particularly following discharge in order to reduce hospital readmissions. Includes Critical Access Hospitals under acute care hospitals, with exclusions for swing bed stays.
Date: 08/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Quality Forum
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Evidence Brief: Managing Acute Pain in Patients with Opioid Use Disorder on Medication-assisted Treatment
Brief details the Veterans Health Administration's best practice on acute pain treatment for patients undergoing medication-assisted treatment for opioid use disorder. Includes supplemental materials that highlight search strategies and evidence tables among other materials.
Additional links: Supplementary Materials
Author(s): Stephanie Veazie, Katherine Mackey, Donald Bourne, Kim Peterson
Date: 08/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Veterans Health Administration
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Mercy Health - Marcum and Wallace Hospital Invests in Swing Bed Program
Highlights the Marcum and Wallace Hospital's work to implement the Small Rural Hospital Transition (SRHT) project recommendations with the goal of expanding the swing bed program to reduce readmission rates. Marcum and Wallace Hospital is a 25-bed Critical Access Hospital in Irvine, Kentucky.
Date: 08/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Rural Health Resource Center
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