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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Post-acute care

Post-Acute Care Trajectories for Rural Medicare Beneficiaries: Planned versus Actual Hospital Discharges to Skilled Nursing Facilities and Home Health Agencies
Examines care transitions among rural fee-for-service Medicare beneficiaries following discharge from an acute care hospital. Compares planned and actual discharges to home health agencies and skilled nursing facilities. Discusses implications of these findings on rural healthcare policy and practice.
Author(s): Tracy M. Mroz, Lisa A. Garberson, C. Holly A. Andrilla, et al.
Date: 03/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center
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MedPAC Report to the Congress: Medicare Payment Policy, 2021
Annual review of Medicare payment policies, with recommendations to Congress. Includes discussion on Medicare payment policies directly affecting rural providers and beneficiaries. Addresses payment adequacy for healthcare facilities and services, improving Medicare payment for post-acute care, Medicare Advantage, Medicare Part D, and the impact of healthcare provider consolidation. Contains information on the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on Medicare beneficiary healthcare access, mortality, and service use. Presents an option for Medicare's coverage of telehealth beyond the public health emergency.
Date: 03/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Medicare Payment Advisory Commission
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Measure Applications Partnership 2020-2021 Considerations for Implementing Measures in Federal Programs: Clinician, Hospital & PAC/LTC
Reviews the 20 pre-rulemaking quality measures the National Quality Forum's Measure Applications Partnership (MAP) considered during the 2020-2021 cycle. Discusses measures for clinician programs, hospital and setting-specific programs, and post-acute care/long-term care programs. Highlights the MAP Rural Health Workgroup's support or determination of the suitability of each measure for rural providers.
Date: 03/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Quality Forum
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The Effect of Medicare Payment Standardization Methods on the Perceived Cost of Post-Acute Swing Bed Care in Critical Access Hospitals
Discusses the different payment systems the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) uses to reimburse for post-acute care in Critical Access Hospitals (CAHs), prospective payment system (IPPS) hospitals, and skilled nursing facilities (SNFs). Describes how the payment standardization methods may influence post-acute care discharge patterns and access to care for rural residents. Examines the effects of these payment methods on the perceived cost of CAH swing bed care as it relates to the Medicare Spending per Beneficiary performance measure.
Author(s): Tyler Malone, Denise Kirk, Kristin Reiter
Date: 03/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: North Carolina Rural Health Research Program
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Customizable Communications Toolkit
Provides a catalog of internal and external communications resources to support rural hospitals and clinics. Includes customizable print and digital resources, scripts, and talking points to promote community trust, preventive screenings, swing bed services, and telehealth.
Date: 01/2021
Type: Website
Sponsoring organizations: Legato Healthcare Marketing, National Rural Health Resource Center
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Medicare Severe Wound Care: Spending Declines May Reflect Site of Care Changes; Limited Information Is Available on Quality
Reports on an analysis of where Medicare beneficiaries received care for severe wounds in 2018 and Medicare payment for these services. Provides an overview of the implementation of a dual payment system for long-term care hospitals in 2016, and examines how the dual payment system affected the availability and quality of severe wound care for Medicare beneficiaries. Includes data on severe wound care by facility type in addition to Medicare spending by urban and rural location.
Additional links: Full Report
Date: 01/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Government Accountability Office
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Frontier Community Health Integration Project (FCHIP) Demonstration Evaluation: Final Evaluation Report
Presents findings from an evaluation of the Frontier Community Health Integration Project (FCHIP) Demonstration. Describes the three possible interventions, including their impact, progress and accomplishments, challenges, and lessons learned. Identifies commonalities that emerged across the FCHIP interventions that may inform future demonstrations among rural healthcare providers.
Additional links: Findings At-A-Glance
Date: 12/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, RTI International
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Blue Mountain Strengthens Community Partnerships Amidst the Pandemic
Discusses how Blue Mountain Hospital (BMH), an 11-bed Critical Access Hospital in Blanding, Utah, has worked to build strategic partnerships and increase opportunities to promote staff relationships. Describes the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the swing bed program and BMH's support of surrounding tribal communities.
Date: 09/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Rural Health Resource Center
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Post-Acute Skilled Nursing Care Availability in Rural United States
Policy brief focusing on availability of post-acute skilled nursing care in rural areas, through swing bed programs in Critical Access Hospitals, short-term general hospitals, and skilled nursing facilities. Examines characteristics of counties with and without post-acute skilled nursing care, and what factors are associated with counties without this type of care. Features statistics with breakdowns by micropolitan, noncore, and all rural county locations.
Author(s): Darcy McMaughan, Ifedioranma O. Anikpo, Scott Horel, Jennifer Ozmetin
Date: 07/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Southwest Rural Health Research Center
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MedPAC Comment on CMS's Proposed Rule on the Inpatient Rehabilitation Facility PPS for FY 2021
Comments on an April 21, 2020, Federal Register proposed rule addressing updates to the prospective payment system for inpatient rehabilitation facilities (IRFs) for fiscal year 2021. Includes comments on the adoption of the Office of Management and Budget's geographic area delineations to determine wage index values.
Date: 05/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Medicare Payment Advisory Commission
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