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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Research methods and resources

Comprehension of Randomization and Uncertainty in Cancer Clinical Trials Decision-Making among Rural, Appalachian Patients
Explores Appalachian patients' comprehension of the randomization process in cancer randomized clinical trials (RCT) as a component of informed consent. Examines sources of ongoing uncertainty that can obstruct a patient's ability to provide informed consent to participate in a RCT.
Author(s): Janice L. Krieger, Angela Palmer-Wackerly, Phokeng M. Dailey, et al.
Citation: Journal of Cancer Education, 30(4), 743-748
Date: 12/2015
Type: Document
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Acceptability and Feasibility of Physical Activity Assessment Methods for an Appalachian Population
Examines the reliability, validity, acceptability, and feasibility of three self-reported physical activity assessment methods among children, adolescents, and adults living in rural Appalachia Kentucky. Includes descriptive statistics and data on the self-report physical activity questionnaires, pedometers, and accelerometers.
Author(s): Yelena N. Tarasenko, Britteny M. Howell, Christina R. Studts, Scott J. Strath, Nancy E. Schoenberg
Citation: Journal of Community Health, 40(4), 714-724
Date: 08/2015
Type: Document
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Advancing Suicide Prevention Research with Rural American Indian and Alaska Native Populations
Summarizes the conclusions from a meeting of a multidisciplinary group of American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) suicide research experts to discuss the persistent issues related to suicide disproportionately affecting Indigenous communities. Identifies challenges hindering improvement in Indigenous suicide research and provides recommendations to support and strengthen Indigenous suicide research.
Author(s): Lisa Wexler, Michael Chandler, Joseph P. Gone, et al.
Citation: American Journal of Public Health, 105(5), 891-899
Date: 05/2015
Type: Document
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Evaluating Tablet Computers as a Survey Tool in Rural Communities
Examines whether two survey methods, paper and pencil versus tablet computers, yield similar survey responses to common health questionnaires in undeserved rural communities. Examines perceptions of usability for each survey method and whether findings could be replicated between the survey methods.
Author(s): Steve M. Newell, Henrietta L. Logan, Yi Guo, John G. Marks, James A. Shepperd
Citation: Journal of Rural Health, 31(1), 108-117
Date: 01/2015
Type: Document
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An Optimization Framework for Measuring Spatial Access over Healthcare Networks
Examines spatial access, a dimension of healthcare access, using an optimization framework involving supply, demand, and network structure. Includes optimization models, maps, and accessibility estimates.
Author(s): Zihao Li, Nicoleta Serban, Julie L. Swann
Citation: BMC Health Services Research, 15, 273
Date: 2015
Type: Document
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The Social Determinants of Health of Type 2 Diabetes and Obesity: A Research Framework
Examines the social determinants of health related to childhood obesity and type 2 diabetes from a Native perspective, considering historical trauma, self-determination, and cultural factors. Looks at currently available information, identifies gaps, and provides a research framework to help build a better understanding of the causes of child obesity among Native Americans.
Date: 2015
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Notah Begay III Foundation
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Review Strategies to Recruit and Retain Rural Patient Participating Self-Management Behavioral Trials
Discusses effective methods to encourage rural patients with cardiovascular disease to participate in self-management behavioral intervention trials designed to improve health outcomes and reduce healthcare costs.
Author(s): Lufei Young, Susan Barnason, Van Do
Citation: Online Journal of Rural Research & Policy, 10(2)
Date: 2015
Type: Document
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Changing Patterns in Hospitalization and Inpatient Surgery of Rural and Urban Residents
Slides from a presentation given at the 2015 National Conference on Health Statistics. Describes rural and urban hospital patients, hospitalizations, and procedures, comparing data from 2001 and 2010. Includes information on challenges facing rural hospitals.
Author(s): Marni Hall, Maria F. Owings
Date: 2015
Type: Presentation Slides
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Health Statistics
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Using PhenX Toolkit Measures and Other Tools to Assess Urban/Rural Differences in Health Behaviors: Recruitment Methods and Outcomes
Describes the recruitment approaches used in a health behaviors study that sought participants from urban and rural locations in Minnesota and North Dakota. Reports on the response by gender for three separate recruitment mailings. Offers suggestions for cost-effective recruitment strategies to ensure an adequate number of participants.
Author(s): Michael M Hitz, Pat G Conway, Jeanette A Palcher, Catherine A McCarty
Citation: BMC Research Notes, 7, 847
Date: 11/2014
Type: Document
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Healthy Alaskans 2020 Health Assessment: Understanding the Health of Alaskans
Provides an overview of the statewide health assessment data used to inform the Healthy Alaskans 2020 initiative, and explains the selection and target-setting process for the 25 included leading health indicators. Addresses mortality rates, chronic disease incidence, healthcare access, disparities, and social determinants of health.
Date: 09/2014
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium
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