Skip to main content

Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Research methods and resources

NIH Community Engagement Alliance (CEAL) Against COVID-19 Disparities
Fact sheets and other resources to help communities most impacted by COVID-19 and encourage involvement in addressing COVID-19 disparities. Covers basic information on COVID-19, vaccination, clinical trials, and the importance of diversity and inclusion in research.
Date: 04/2021
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: National Institutes of Health
view details
Minority Health and Health Disparities Strategic Plan 2021–2025
Planning document presenting goals to address health disparities through scientific research, activities that sustain research, and outreach efforts. Describes health disparity populations, including racial and ethnic minority, rural, less privileged socioeconomic status (SES), and sexual and gender minorities (SGM) populations. Outlines plans to implement research projects and activities, and discusses Leap Forward priority areas that will advance research methods in minority health and health disparities.
Date: 03/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD), National Institutes of Health
view details
Wireless Substitution: Early Release of Estimates From the National Health Interview Survey, January-June 2020
Provides data on households that rely on wireless telephones rather than landlines. Includes data on the percent of adults who live in wireless-only households and have their own wireless telephone, as well as data on phoneless adults. Provides data for nonmetropolitan compared to metropolitan areas. Discuses the need for surveys to include adequate representation of wireless-only households. Includes a section on the potential impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on data collection.
Additional links: Past Reports
Author(s): Stephen J. Blumberg, Julian V. Luke
Date: 02/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Health Statistics
view details
Preliminary Evaluation of Nonresponse Bias Due to the COVID-19 Pandemic on National Health Interview Survey Estimates, April-June 2020
Examines potential nonresponse bias for the National Health Interview Survey associated with a shift to telephone-only interviewing due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Includes data on changes in response rates for metropolitan and nonmetro areas.
Author(s): James M. Dahlhamer, Matthew D. Bramlett, Aaron Maitland, Stephen J. Blumberg
Date: 02/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Health Statistics
view details
Mastering Complex Geographies on data.census.gov
Webinar recording discusses how to use the data.census.gov mapping feature to identify complex geographies. Highlights tips and tricks for identifying and mapping different datasets on rural and tribal areas.
Additional links: Presentation Slides, Webinar Transcript
Date: 12/2020
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau
view details
Methods Applying AHRQ Quality Indicators to Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) Data for the 2019 National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Report (QDR)
Describes the preparation of Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) data for use in the 2019 National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Report, which includes information on priority populations such as rural residents. Includes information on HCUP-based measures related urban-rural location.
Author(s): M. Barrett, A. Mummert, T. Kenney
Date: 12/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
view details
Population Denominator Data Sources and Data for Use with HCUP Databases (Updated with 2019 Population Data)
Identifies sources of population data that can be used with Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) databases to calculate rates of hospital care events per population. Includes rural-urban population data sources. Appendix A, Tables A.6 and A.7 provide U.S. population figures from 2000 through 2019 for a 4-category urban-rural definition and a 6-category urban-rural definition.
Additional links: Appendix A: Population Data Tables
Author(s): Marguerite Barrett, Rosanna M. Coffey, Katharine Levit
Date: 12/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
view details
Limited Access to Health Data on American Indian and Alaska Natives Impedes Population Health Insights
Presents a study on the lack of data on the health of American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) populations. Evaluates 8 different sets of population health data for AI/AN-specific data. Features an infographic outlining the findings.
Additional links: Infographic
Author(s): Tara L. Becker, Susan H. Babey, Riti Shimkhada, et al.
Date: 11/2020
Type: Document
view details
A Non-Randomized Pilot Study to Test the Feasibility of Treating Chronic Pain and Opioid Prescription Use in Rural Areas with Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (T-PACT)
Describes a pilot study examining research feasibility, methods, and processes for administering acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) as a treatment for chronic non-cancer pain (CNCP) and a possible alternative to prescribed opioids. The research team included four Clinical and Translational Science Award (CTSA) hubs that administered the study in rural areas of New Mexico, North Carolina, Kansas, and Kentucky. Discusses survey data and lessons learned from the pilot study, including unexpected barriers to participation.
Author(s): Robert L Rhyne, Heidi Rishel Brakey, Jacquie R. Halladay, et al.
Citation: Journal of Clinical and Translational Science, 4(5), 472-476
Date: 10/2020
Type: Document
view details
The American Opioid Epidemic in Special Populations: Five Examples
Report on the disproportionate impacts of the opioid crisis on certain populations, including those involved with the criminal justice system, rural populations, veterans, young adults, and individuals who inject drugs. Offers statistical data for each group and discussion of opioid use disorder and mortality, barriers to treatment, promising strategies to address treatment issues, and research and policy priorities. Section on rural populations offers data on drug overdose deaths, rates of opioid prescription, and the association between economic distress and opioid-involved deaths.
Author(s): Carlos Blanco, Mir M. Ali, Aaron Beswick, et al.
Date: 10/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Academy of Medicine
view details