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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Research methods and resources

Using Data to Define Rural Populations
Offers a step-by-step guide for developing a rural community baseline dataset, and identifies links to helpful resources and existing datasets, with the intent to help State Offices of Rural Health (SORH) focus on the demographics influencing health and the health needs of the rural communities within their state.
Date: 02/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Organization of State Offices of Rural Health
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U.S. Census 2020: Engagement Opportunities for Rural Health Stakeholders
Discusses the U.S. Census Bureau's set of "Hard-to-Count" target areas for the 2020 census that include rural census tracts. Identifies ways in which rural stakeholders can use this information to engage healthcare providers in census support activities.
Citation: NOSORH Issue Brief, 2(3)
Date: 01/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Organization of State Offices of Rural Health
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VA Health Care: Efforts to Prioritize and Translate Research into Clinical Practice
Examines how the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) sets priorities for funding research, VA efforts to facilitate translation of research into clinical practice, and coordination between VA's research program and other parts of the VA. Briefly highlights a research study on the use of telemedicine outreach for rural veterans with PTSD.
Additional links: Full Report
Date: 01/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Government Accountability Office
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A Bivariate Mapping Tutorial for Cancer Control Resource Allocation Decisions and Interventions
Discusses the utility of geographic information systems software (ArcGIS) with public health data to inform resource allocation and public health interventions for cancer control planning. Provides step-by-step guidance for developing a bivariate choropleth map (map of two variables) using county data from South Carolina's Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System for cervical cancer screening, and data on the availability of cervical cancer screening providers in South Carolina's Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program.
Author(s): Claire Biesecker, Whitney E. Zahnd, Heather M. Brandt, Swann Arp Adams, Jan M. Eberth
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 17
Date: 01/2020
Type: Document
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Ten-Year Reflections on the County Health Rankings & Roadmaps
Discussion of how data, evidence, guidance, and examples used in County Health Rankings & Roadmaps publications from January 2009 - January 2019 have helped communities improve the conditions in which their residents live. Examines how the methodology has changed over time, and includes a section on how the researchers adapted their methods so as to appropriately analyze data from rural areas with small populations.
Author(s): Bridget Booske Catlin, Willems Van Dijk
Date: 2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, University of Wisconsin Population Health Institute
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Health Literacy in Clinical Research: Practice and Impact: Proceedings of a Workshop
Summary of presentations and discussions held April 11, 2019 in Washington, D.C. by the Roundtable on Health Literacy of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Topics include challenges for diverse populations' participation in clinical trials, best practices, and health literacy strategies for effective communication with participants. Chapter 4 includes a description of clinical trials during which researchers conducted health literacy interventions in cancer screenings in mainly rural areas.
Additional links: Read Online
Author(s): Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice
Date: 2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Health and Medicine Division (HMD), National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
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Access to Specialty Healthcare in Urban Versus Rural US Populations: A Systematic Literature Review
Surveys research between January 2013 – August 2018 on healthcare access, seeking clear definition and understanding of barriers to specialty care. Draws data from 67 peer-reviewed articles, presenting a conceptual framework based on common themes. Discusses issues of availability, perception, policy, stigma, and other access factors.
Author(s): Melissa Cyr, Anna Etchin, Barbara Guthrie, et al.
Citation: BMC Health Services Research, 19, 974
Date: 12/2019
Type: Document
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Rural Physical Activity Interventions in the United States: A Systematic Review and RE-AIM Evaluation
Examines the validity and design of rural physical activity intervention studies using the Reach, Efficacy, Adoption, Implementation, and Maintenance (RE-AIM) framework. Analyzes 40 reports that represent 29 studies of intervention programs. Discusses role of research in developing understandings of rurality, health, and behavior and the role of physical activity programs in addressing health disparities.
Author(s): Nishat Bhuiyan, Pritika Singh, Samantha Harden, et al.
Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 16, 140
Date: 12/2019
Type: Document
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Study Protocol of Coaching End-of-Life Palliative Care for Advanced Heart Failure Patients and Their Family Caregivers in Rural Appalachia: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Describes a clinical trial to study an end-of-life palliative care program for heart failure patients in rural West Virginia. Discusses the prevalence of heart failure in rural Appalachia and the need for palliative care training for family caregivers.
Author(s): Ubolrat Piamjariyakul, Trisha Petitte, Angel Smothers, et al.
Citation: BMC Palliative Care, 18, 119
Date: 12/2019
Type: Document
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Translational Science: Research with Results that Touch Rural Populations
Provides an overview of translational science and the role of the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS). Discusses how NCATS is working to ensure rural communities benefit from translated science. Features a New York telehealth program addressing Parkinson Disease that is helping rural patients.
Author(s): Kay Miller Temple
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 10/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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