Skip to main content
Rural Health Information Hub

Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Rural definitions

Frontier/Remote, Island, and Rural Literature Review
Highlights the evolution of the term frontier as it applies to remote, sparsely settled territory in the U.S. Discusses related definitions of rural relevant to creating a national frontier/remote and island geographic taxonomy.
Author(s): L. Gary Hart
Date: 08/2012
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: University of North Dakota Center for Rural Health
view details
Town-level Comparisons May be an Effective Alternative in Comparing Rural and Urban Differences: A Look at Accidental Traumatic Brain Injuries in North Texas Children
Summarizes the results of examined data on North Texas pediatric traumatic brain injury among four levels of rurality: urban city, large town, small town, and isolated town.
Author(s): Brian Robertson, Charles McConnell
Citation: Rural and Remote Health, 11(1), 1521
Date: 01/2011
Type: Document
view details
VAMC Facility Rurality: Comparison of Three Classification Approaches
Compares the VA Medical Center rural classification system to other alternative rural classification systems.
Author(s): Peter J. Kaboli, Justin M. Glasgow
Date: 2011
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, Veterans Rural Health Resource Centers
view details
Why Definitions Matter: Rural Definitions and State Poverty Rankings
Illustrates the importance of understanding the various definitions of rural and examines the differences in state poverty rates when the two definitions of rural are employed.
Author(s): Kathleen Miller
Date: 03/2010
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Policy Research Institute
view details
Choosing Rural Definitions: Implications for Health Policy
Provides an overview of rural definitions and their policy implications. Discusses the factors that should be considered in selecting among rural definitions.
Author(s): Andrew F. Coburn, A. Clinton MacKinney, Timothy D. McBride, et al.
Date: 03/2007
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Policy Research Institute Rural Health Panel
view details
The Consensus Definition: 2007 Update
Update on a definition of frontier developed in 1997 that uses a weighted matrix to determine which areas are considered frontier. Discusses the use of the matrix in cooperation with the states.
Date: 2007
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Frontier Communities
view details
Defining the Term "Frontier Area" for Programs Implemented through the Office for the Advancement of Telehealth
An expert panel report to the Office for the Advancement of Telehealth, Health Resources and Services Administration, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Provides an overview of current frontier definitions and describes the process used to develop a new frontier area definition that could be applied to telehealth programs.
Date: 05/2006
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: University of North Dakota Center for Rural Health
view details
Rural Definitions for Health Policy and Research
Compares several rural definitions and discusses their strengths and weaknesses. Also addresses the issues related to using these geographic definitions in policy and research.
Author(s): L. Gary Hart, Eric H. Larson, Denise M. Lishner
Citation: American Journal of Public Health, 95(7), 1149-1152
Date: 07/2005
Type: Document
view details
Classification Change, 1999 to 2003: Office of Management and Budget Metropolitan Areas and Core Based Statistical Areas (CBSAs) Map
Map of the Office of Management and Budget's June 2003 Core Based Statistical Areas (CBSAs) Designations for Counties that were nonmetropolitan in 1999.
Date: 07/2003
Type: Map/Mapping System
Sponsoring organization: North Carolina Rural Health Research Program
view details
2000 Update: Frontier Counties in the United States
Describes the development of a definition of "frontier" by the Frontier Education Center and a group of frontier providers and policy experts. Statistics based on the 2000 U.S. Census regarding the number of frontier counties, and land and population distributions are included.
Date: 2002
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Frontier Communities
view details