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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Sexual and reproductive health

Adolescent Reproductive Health Outcomes Among Mexican-Origin Women on Both Sides of the U.S.-Mexico Border
Highlights a study on the age, sexual history, and contraceptive use of adolescent mothers of Mexican origin in the U.S.-Mexico border region. Explores factors contributing to adolescent pregnancy in the Latina population. Compares foreign-born Latinas of Mexican origin, U.S.-born Latinas of Mexican origin, U.S.-born non-Latina Whites, and Mexican women residing in Mexico. Breaks down data by age, household size, and rural versus urban/suburban location.
Author(s): Blair G. Darney, Emily Boniface, Laura E. Jacobson, et al.
Citation: Journal of Adolescent Health, 71(6), 679-687
Date: 12/2022
Type: Document
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Rural and Urban Women Have Differing Sexual and Reproductive Health Experiences
Explores the healthcare disparities women aged 15 to 49 experience related to sexual and reproductive health. Analyzes 2015-2019 data from the National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG) to investigate contraceptive use in 1,128 rural residents and 6,007 urban residents. Includes rural versus urban demographic breakdowns according to race/ethnicity, nativity, income, education, LGB+ identity, and history of/plans for having children.
Author(s): Emma Pliskin, Kate Welti, Jennifer Manlove
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Child Trends
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Strategies Adopted by Gay, Bisexual, and Other Men Who Have Sex with Men to Prevent Monkeypox virus Transmission — United States, August 2022
Reports on monkeypox vaccination among men who have sex with men (MSM), with data by location for urban, suburban, small/medium metro, and rural areas. Information is based on a monkeypox-specific follow-up survey to the annual American Men's Internet Survey, completed by a convenience sample of 824 MSM.
Author(s): Kevin P. Delaney, Travis Sanchez, Marissa Hannah, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 71(35), 1126-1130
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Contraceptive Care Service Provision via Telehealth Early in the COVID-19 Pandemic at Rural and Urban Federally Qualified Health Centers in 2 Southeastern States
Explores a study on the use of telehealth by Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs) to provide contraceptive services during the COVID-19 pandemic in Alabama and South Carolina. Breaks down data by clinic accessibility and services offered, type of contraceptives provided, and rural versus urban location, among other factors.
Author(s): Kate Beatty, Michael G. Smith, Amal J. Khoury, et al.
Citation: Journal of Rural Health
Date: 07/2022
Type: Document
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HIV Prevention and Treatment Challenges in Rural America
A webinar recording that covers issues related to HIV healthcare in rural communities and presents HIV data in the United States. Discusses populations who should be offered pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), current options in HIV treatment, and rural health issues such as stigma, medical and mental health shortage areas, and LGBT discrimination. Provides healthcare options available in Kansas.
Date: 07/2022
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organizations: AIDS Education and Training Centers National Coordinating Resource Center, University of Kansas Medical Center
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Contraception and Healthcare Utilization by Reproductive-Age Women Who Use Drugs in Rural Communities: a Cross-Sectional Survey
Study examining contraceptive use by women aged 18-49 in rural areas, comparing overall rates of contraceptive use to those of women who use opioid and/or non-opioid injection drugs. Analyzes data from the Rural Opioids Initiative (ROI) and the National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG). Discusses the study's implications for access to services, targeted interventions, and testing for infectious diseases.
Author(s): Ximena A. Levander, Canyon A. Foot, Sara L. Magnusson, et al.
Citation: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Date: 06/2022
Type: Document
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White House Blueprint for Addressing the Maternal Health Crisis
Provides an overview of the maternal health crisis, including maternal mortality and morbidity disparities, and outlines investments and initiatives to address these issues. Presents goals and actions related to access to maternal and behavioral health services, improving data collection and policy, expanding and diversifying the maternal health workforce, and strengthening economic and social supports.
Date: 06/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: The White House
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Cervical Cancer Screening Outcomes Among a Sample of Low-Income Uninsured Women: A Program-Based Study
Examines cervical screening outcomes in low-income and uninsured women by sociodemographic factors such as age, marital status, race/ethnicity, rurality, and Papanicolaou (Pap) test screening history. Analyzes outcomes of Pap tests, human papillomavirus (HPV) tests, and colposcopies administered to 841 women between 2013 and 2019 by urban, large rural, small rural, and isolated location, as well as other sociodemographic factors.
Author(s): Samson Olowolaju, Morgan Kassabian, Marvellous A. Akinlotan, et al.
Citation: Women's Health Reports, 3(1), 85-92
Date: 06/2022
Type: Document
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Adolescent Access to Federally Funded Clinics Providing Confidential Family Planning Following Changes to Title X Funding Regulations
Examines access to reproductive care across U.S. Census tracts for female minors aged 15 to 17 following 2019 changes in Title X funding. Identifies clinic access within a 30-minute drive in August 2018 before Title X changes and access in August 2020 after Title X changes. Includes demographic data on the impacted minors such as rural versus urban geography, census region, social vulnerability index (SVI), race/ethnicity, age, birth rate, and state minor confidentiality laws.
Author(s): Polina Krass, Vicky Tam, Jungwon Min, et al.
Citation: JAMA Network Open, 5(6)
Date: 06/2022
Type: Document
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California: County Health Status Profiles 2022
Reports on health status indicators recommended by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services for monitoring state and local progress toward achieving Healthy People 2020 goals for the state of California. Includes county-specific information for cancer deaths, diabetes, sexually transmitted diseases, teenage pregnancy, and other health conditions.
Date: 04/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: California Department of Public Health
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