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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Sexual and reproductive health

Sexually Transmitted Infections - Adopting a Sexual Health Paradigm
Highlights the rates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) across the U.S. Discusses how marginalized groups, such as women, LGBTQ, American Indian and Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander populations, among others, are disproportionately affected. Details how the barriers to healthcare access in rural areas, particularly rural American Indian reservations, can affect the rates of STIs. Makes policy recommendations to address these disparities.
Author(s): Sten H. Vermund, Amy B. Geller, and Jeffrey S. Crowley
Date: 03/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
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Rural-Urban Residence and Emergency Contraception Use, Access, and Counseling in the United States, 2006-2017
Study examining emergency contraception access, counseling, and use by rural and urban county of residence for women ages 15-44. Analyzes 2006-2017 data from the National Survey of Family Growth including participant characteristics, contraceptive methods, and emergency contraception counseling.
Author(s): Carly M. Milkowski, Erika C. Ziller, Katherine A. Ahrens
Citation: Contraception: X, 3, 100061
Date: 02/2021
Type: Document
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OBGYNs and the Provision of Sexual and Reproductive Health Care: Key Findings from a National Survey
Reports on a nationwide survey of obstetrician-gynecologists (OBGYNs) regarding sexual and reproductive healthcare, covering screening practices; provision of contraception, abortion, and sexually transmitted infection care; and the effects of policy on healthcare access and quality. Analyzes survey data from 1,210 OBGYN participants on contraception provision and other services, access to specific services based on regional and urban/rural location, provider characteristics and experiences, Medicaid coverage, and more.
Author(s): Gabriela Weigel, Brittni Frederiksen, Usha Ranji, Alina Salganicoff
Date: 02/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Kaiser Family Foundation
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Washington State's 1115 Family Planning Demonstration Evaluation - Findings from January 2012 to May 2018
Report highlights data pertaining to family planning waiver enrollment in Washington state from 2012 to 2018. Breaks down waivers issued for low income, high income, and pregnancy-related reasons and compares rural and urban populations.
Author(s): Tenaya Sunbury, Dorothy Lyons, Z. Joyce Fan, et al.
Date: 12/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Washington State Department of Social and Health Services
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Cancers Associated with Human Papillomavirus in American Indian and Alaska Native Populations — United States, 2013–2017
Examines cancers associated with the human papillomavirus (HPV) among American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) populations. Includes data by sex, cancer type, and region. Also includes data by cancer type for AI/AN compared to non-Hispanic White populations.
Author(s): Stephanie C. Melkonian, S. Jane Henley, Virginia Senkomago, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 69(37), 1283-1287
Date: 09/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Cervical Cancer and HPV Vaccination Disparities in South Carolina
Fact sheet outlines the rates of HPV vaccination in rural South Carolina. Compares rates of vaccination initiation and completion between metro and nonmetro areas in SC and nationally, as well as by provider type in rural and urban counties in SC.
Date: 08/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural and Minority Health Research Center (formerly the South Carolina Rural Health Research Center)
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Virtually Possible: Using Telehealth to Bring Reproductive Health Care to Women with Opioid Use Disorder in Rural Maine
Describes a program implemented by a Maine family planning clinic, in which HIV counseling, contraception, and pregnancy testing and counseling were made available to women with opioid use disorder (OUD) through meetings with a community educator and through telehealth. Explores challenges in receiving OUD care in rural Maine and discusses findings.
Author(s): Terri-Ann Thompson, Katherine A. Ahrens, Leah Coplon
Citation: mHealth
Date: 05/2020
Type: Document
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HIV and Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders
Provides data and statistics on HIV diagnoses among Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders. Discusses current challenges to HIV prevention, and presents an overview of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's HIV prevention efforts.
Date: 05/2020
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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HIV and American Indians and Alaska Natives
Offers data and statistics on HIV diagnoses among American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/AN). Lists current challenges to HIV prevention, including cultural stigma and confidentiality concerns that could prevent AI/AN gay and bisexual men from obtaining education and HIV testing, especially in rural communities or on reservations. Presents an overview of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's HIV prevention efforts.
Date: 05/2020
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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2019 Louisiana Health Report Card
Provides detailed health data by parish for Louisiana. Covers cancer incidence, suicides, the opioid epidemic, infectious diseases, low birthweights and infant deaths, top causes of death, and more.
Author(s): Rebekah Gee, Alexander Billioux
Date: 05/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Louisiana Department of Health
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