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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: HIV and AIDS

HIV Testing Trends at Visits to Physician Offices, Community Health Centers, and Emergency Departments — United States, 2009–2017
Examines HIV testing by setting for visits of males and nonpregnant females to physician offices, community health centers, and emergency departments. Includes data for metropolitan and nonmetro areas.
Author(s): Karen W. Hoover, Ya-Lin A. Huang, Mary L. Tanner, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 69(25), 776-780
Date: 06/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Regional Disparities in Qualified Health Plans' Prior Authorization Requirements for HIV Pre-exposure Prophylaxis in the United States
Results of a study examining differences in qualified health plans (QHPs) in the South, the Midwest, the West, and the Northeast, in terms of prior authorization requirements for combined tenofovir disoproxil fumarate and emtricitabine. Features statistics comparing 16,853 QHPs, with breakdowns by urban and rural areas.
Author(s): Kathleen A. McManus, Samuel Powers, Amy Killelea, Sebastian Tello-Trillo, Elizabeth Rogawski McQuade
Citation: JAMA Network Open, 3(6)
Date: 06/2020
Type: Document
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HIV and Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders
Provides data and statistics on HIV diagnoses among Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders. Discusses current challenges to HIV prevention, and presents an overview of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's HIV prevention efforts.
Date: 05/2020
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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HIV and American Indians and Alaska Natives
Offers data and statistics on HIV diagnoses among American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/AN). Lists current challenges to HIV prevention, including cultural stigma and confidentiality concerns that could prevent AI/AN gay and bisexual men from obtaining education and HIV testing, especially in rural communities or on reservations. Presents an overview of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's HIV prevention efforts.
Date: 05/2020
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Tackling the Trifecta: State Approaches to Addressing Co-Occurring Substance Use Disorders, HIV, and Hepatitis C
Highlights the approaches to addressing co-occurring substance use disorder, HIV, and HCV in New York, West Virginia, and Louisiana. Breaks down data in each state by gender and details considerations for rural areas.
Author(s): Eliza Mette, Jodi Manz, Kristina Long
Date: 04/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Academy for State Health Policy
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Correlates of Transactional Sex Among a Rural Population of People Who Inject Drugs
Presents a study on the correlation between transactional sex and intravenous drug use among rural West Virginians. Breaks down data by demographic factors, drugs used, frequency of use, and access to treatment, among other measures.
Author(s): Sean T. Allen, Rebecca Hamilton White, Allison O'Rourke, et al.
Citation: AIDS and Behavior, 24, 775-781
Date: 03/2020
Type: Document
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HIV Testing Outcomes Among Blacks or African Americans — 50 Local U.S. Jurisdictions Accounting for the Majority of New HIV Diagnoses and Seven States with Disproportionate Occurrences of HIV in Rural Areas, 2017
Reports on HIV testing and diagnoses by a variety of demographic characteristics, including race/ethnicity. Examines linkage to medical care for African Americans with newly diagnosed HIV infection. Study covers 50 U.S. jurisdictions with the majority of new diagnoses as well as the seven states — Alabama, Arkansas, Kentucky, Mississippi, Missouri, Oklahoma, and South Carolina — with high rural rates of HIV. Rural-specific data is not provided in the results.
Author(s): Aba D. Essuon, Hui Zhao, Guoshen Wang, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 69(4), 97-102
Date: 01/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Opportunities to Improve Opioid Use Disorder and Infectious Disease Services: Integrating Responses to a Dual Epidemic
Examines opioid use and drug-related infectious diseases. Identifies the barriers to integration of opioid use disorder (OUD) and infectious disease services, including barriers faced in rural areas such as workforce shortages. Offers strategies to overcome those barriers. Offers case studies of programs that have successfully integrated services, including programs serving rural areas. Includes policy recommendations.
Additional links: Read Online, Report Highlights
Author(s): Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice
Date: 2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Health and Medicine Division (HMD), National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
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Migration to the US among Rural Puerto Ricans Who Inject Drugs: Influential Factors, Sources of Support, and Challenges for Harm Reduction Interventions
Details a study of the migration patterns of rural people who inject drugs (PWID) from Puerto Rico to the United States. Breaks down data by age, gender, and HIV and HCV status among other measures.
Author(s): R. Abadie, P. Habecker, C. Gelpi-Acosta, K. Dombrowski
Citation: BMC Public Health, 19, 1710
Date: 12/2019
Type: Document
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Texas HIV Surveillance Report: Annual Report
Provides an annual update of county-level data on HIV infection and AIDS cases for Texas. Includes infection by transmission method, diagnoses by race/ethnicity and age group, data for criminal justice and immigration facilities, and more.
Date: 12/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Texas Department of State Health Services
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