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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: HIV and AIDS

The Co-Occurrence of HIV and Opioid Mortality in Rural and Urban America from 1999-2018
Policy brief evaluating trends in mortality from Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and opioid use in rural and urban areas, using data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Wide-ranging Online Data for Epidemiology Research (WONDER) mortality database. Features statistics on mortality by sex, race or ethnicity, and census region, with breakdowns by 6 levels of population density.
Author(s): Timothy Callaghan, Kristen Primm, Marvellous Akinlotan, et al.
Date: 06/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Southwest Rural Health Research Center
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HIV Testing Trends Among Persons with Commercial Insurance or Medicaid — United States, 2014–2019
Examines trends in HIV testing for people with commercial insurance or Medicaid from 2014 through 2019. Includes data by sex, age group, urban-rural residence, and U.S. Census region. Also includes data by race/ethnicity for those covered by Medicaid.
Author(s): Kirk D. Henny, Weiming Zhu, Ya-lin A. Huang, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 70(25), 905-909
Date: 06/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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HIV Treatment Outcomes in Rural Georgia Using Telemedicine
Results of a study to compare the effectiveness of HIV care delivered through telemedicine (TM) with the face-to-face (F2F) model, based on chart reviews of a total of 385 Georgia patients who attended a TM clinic in Dublin or a F2F clinic in Augusta between May 2017 and April 2018. Features statistics with breakdowns including sex, age, race, and comorbidities.
Author(s): Folake J. Lawal, Moshood O. Omotayo, Tae Jin Lee, Arni S. R. Srinivasa Rao, Jose A. Vazquez
Citation: Open Forum Infectious Diseases, 8(6)
Date: 06/2021
Type: Document
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HIV and Hepatitis C in Rural Areas: Prevalence, Service Availability, and Challenges
Webinar recording discusses the prevalence of HIV and maternal hepatitis C in rural communities. Compares infection rates in rural versus urban areas and highlights changes over time. Makes recommendations regarding testing, treatment, and harm reduction services.
Additional links: Presentation Slides, Video Recording, Webinar Transcript
Date: 04/2021
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Research Gateway
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Use of Selected Recommended Clinical Preventive Services — Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, United States, 2018
Examines use of 10 recommended clinical preventive services: colon cancer screening, cervical cancer screening, breast cancer screening, HIV testing, pneumococcal vaccination, influenza vaccination, diabetes screening, HPV vaccination, zoster (shingles) vaccination, and tetanus vaccination. Includes data for urban and rural counties, as well as the urban to rural prevalence ratio.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 70(13), 461-466
Date: 04/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Rural HIV Prevalence and Service Availability in the United States: A Chartbook
Examines state- and county-level human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence in 2016 as well as availability of HIV-related prevention, testing, and treatment services in 2019. Includes data breakdowns by rural/urban status.
Author(s): Katherine Ahrens, Amanda Burgess, Louisa Munk, Erika Ziller
Date: 02/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Maine Rural Health Research Center
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Capacity of Rural Counties to Address an HIV or Hepatitis C Outbreak
Examines data from 20 states potentially at risk of a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) outbreak to determine which services local health departments (LHDs) provide to help identify or address HIV or HCV. Examples of relevant services include HIV testing, substance use services, and infectious disease surveillance, among others. Includes rural/urban differences in LHD services and staff, LHD partnerships and collaboration, and demographic characteristics of at-risk counties.
Author(s): Jennifer Lenardson, Jaclyn Janis, Amanda Burgess, et al.
Date: 02/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Maine Rural Health Research Center
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Care Outcomes Among Black or African American Persons with Diagnosed HIV in Rural, Urban, and Metropolitan Statistical Areas — 42 U.S. Jurisdictions, 2018
Examines HIV care outcomes among Black people with diagnosed HIV infection living in rural (less than 50,000 population), urban (50,000–499,999 population), and metropolitan (500,000 population or more) areas. Provides rural/urban/metropolitan data by age group, gender, and transmission category addressing: stage of diagnosis, linkage to care within one month of diagnosis, and viral suppression within 6 months of diagnosis.
Author(s): Shacara Johnson Lyons, André F. Dailey, Chenchen Yu, Anna Satcher Johnson
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 70(7), 229-235
Date: 02/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Harm Reduction and Adaptations Among PWUD in Rural Oregon During COVID-19
Presents a study on harm reduction practices during the COVID-19 for people who use drugs (PWUDs) in rural Oregon. Bases findings on interviews with PWUDs in 5 rural counties. Breaks down data by gender, race, and drugs used. Discusses the effect of COVID-19 on syringe service programs in rural areas.
Author(s): Andrew Seaman, Gillian Leichtling, Erin Stack, et al.
Citation: AIDS and Behavior, 25, 1331–1339
Date: 01/2021
Type: Document
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Grantee Directory: Rural HIV/AIDS Planning Program, 2020
Detailed descriptions of 7 Rural HIV/AIDS Planning Program grant projects funded in fiscal year 2020. Lists grantees by state and Ending the HIV/AIDS Epidemic Key Strategies, including topics such as, planning and development of integrated HIV network, stigma, opioid use disorder, data tracking, and telehealth. Includes grantee profiles describing their programs and network structures, geographic areas and populations served, network partners, and contacts for each network.
Date: 01/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Federal Office of Rural Health Policy
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