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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: HIV and AIDS

PrEP Care Continuum Engagement Among Persons Who Inject Drugs: Rural and Urban Differences in Stigma and Social Infrastructure
Study examining stigma related to drug use and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), as well as awareness of Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) treatment in New York City and rural southern Illinois. Highlights barriers and facilitators to willingness to take PrEP based on interviews with 57 people who inject drugs (PWID) who participate in syringe service programs, comparing rural and urban responses.
Author(s): Suzan M. Walters, David Frank, Brent Van Ham, et al.
Citation: AIDS and Behavior
Date: 10/2021
Type: Document
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Grantee Sourcebook: Rural HIV/AIDS Planning Program, 2020-2021
Detailed descriptions of 7 Rural HIV/AIDS Planning Program grant projects funded in fiscal year 2020. Reports on each grantee's key Ending the HIV Epidemic (EHE) strategies, secondary focus areas, target populations served, network development and planning activities, initial outcomes of their planning work, and sustainability strategies of the HIV/AIDS rural health networks and HIV-related programming beyond the planning year. Grantee profiles identify the geographic areas served, network partners, and primary contact person.
Date: 09/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Federal Office of Rural Health Policy
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2020 Louisiana Health Report Card
Provides detailed health data by parish for Louisiana. Covers cancer incidence, suicides, the opioid epidemic, COVID-19, infectious diseases, low birthweights and infant deaths, top causes of death, and more.
Date: 08/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Louisiana Department of Health
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2020 Annual (January–December) Infectious Disease Report
Highlights the number of cases of infectious diseases occurrence in different regions of Alaska in 2020. Looks at diseases such as Hepatitis C, HIV/AIDS, and Lyme disease, among many others.
Citation: State of Alaska Epidemiology Bulletin, 10
Date: 06/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Alaska Division of Public Health
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The Co-Occurrence of HIV and Opioid Mortality in Rural and Urban America from 1999-2018
Policy brief evaluating trends in mortality from Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and opioid use in rural and urban areas, using data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Wide-ranging Online Data for Epidemiology Research (WONDER) mortality database. Features statistics on mortality by sex, race or ethnicity, and census region, with breakdowns by 6 levels of population density.
Author(s): Timothy Callaghan, Kristen Primm, Marvellous Akinlotan, et al.
Date: 06/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Southwest Rural Health Research Center
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HIV Testing Trends Among Persons with Commercial Insurance or Medicaid — United States, 2014–2019
Examines trends in HIV testing for people with commercial insurance or Medicaid from 2014 through 2019. Includes data by sex, age group, urban-rural residence, and U.S. Census region. Also includes data by race/ethnicity for those covered by Medicaid.
Author(s): Kirk D. Henny, Weiming Zhu, Ya-lin A. Huang, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 70(25), 905-909
Date: 06/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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HIV Treatment Outcomes in Rural Georgia Using Telemedicine
Results of a study to compare the effectiveness of HIV care delivered through telemedicine (TM) with the face-to-face (F2F) model, based on chart reviews of a total of 385 Georgia patients who attended a TM clinic in Dublin or a F2F clinic in Augusta between May 2017 and April 2018. Features statistics with breakdowns including sex, age, race, and comorbidities.
Author(s): Folake J. Lawal, Moshood O. Omotayo, Tae Jin Lee, Arni S. R. Srinivasa Rao, Jose A. Vazquez
Citation: Open Forum Infectious Diseases, 8(6)
Date: 06/2021
Type: Document
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HIV and Hepatitis C in Rural Areas: Prevalence, Service Availability, and Challenges
Webinar recording discusses the prevalence of HIV and maternal hepatitis C in rural communities. Compares infection rates in rural versus urban areas and highlights changes over time. Makes recommendations regarding testing, treatment, and harm reduction services.
Additional links: Presentation Slides, Video Recording, Webinar Transcript
Date: 04/2021
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Research Gateway
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Use of Selected Recommended Clinical Preventive Services — Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, United States, 2018
Examines use of 10 recommended clinical preventive services: colon cancer screening, cervical cancer screening, breast cancer screening, HIV testing, pneumococcal vaccination, influenza vaccination, diabetes screening, HPV vaccination, zoster (shingles) vaccination, and tetanus vaccination. Includes data for urban and rural counties, as well as the urban to rural prevalence ratio.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 70(13), 461-466
Date: 04/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Rural HIV Prevalence and Service Availability in the United States: A Chartbook
Examines state- and county-level human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence in 2016 as well as availability of HIV-related prevention, testing, and treatment services in 2019. Includes data breakdowns by rural/urban status.
Author(s): Katherine Ahrens, Amanda Burgess, Louisa Munk, Erika Ziller
Date: 02/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Maine Rural Health Research Center
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