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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: HIV and AIDS

HIV Testing Trends at Visits to Physician Offices, Community Health Centers, and Emergency Departments — United States, 2009–2017
Examines HIV testing by setting for visits of males and nonpregnant females to physician offices, community health centers, and emergency departments. Includes data for metropolitan and nonmetro areas.
Author(s): Karen W. Hoover, Ya-Lin A. Huang, Mary L. Tanner, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 69(25), 776-780
Date: 06/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Regional Disparities in Qualified Health Plans' Prior Authorization Requirements for HIV Pre-exposure Prophylaxis in the United States
Results of a study examining differences in qualified health plans (QHPs) in the South, the Midwest, the West, and the Northeast, in terms of prior authorization requirements for combined tenofovir disoproxil fumarate and emtricitabine. Features statistics comparing 16,853 QHPs, with breakdowns by urban and rural areas.
Author(s): Kathleen A. McManus, Samuel Powers, Amy Killelea, Sebastian Tello-Trillo, Elizabeth Rogawski McQuade
Citation: JAMA Network Open, 3(6)
Date: 06/2020
Type: Document
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HIV Prevention and Treatment Challenges in Rural America
Provides an overview of the prevalence of HIV and access to HIV prevention and treatment services in rural communities. Discusses challenges to providing and accessing HIV prevention and treatment efforts in rural areas, including the lack of local healthcare services, the cost of care, and HIV-related stigma. Describes federal programs that support HIV prevention and treatment services in rural areas. Offers policy recommendations to address these barriers and to reduce rural HIV disparities.
Date: 05/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Advisory Committee on Rural Health and Human Services
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HIV and Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders
Provides data and statistics on HIV diagnoses among Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders. Discusses current challenges to HIV prevention, and presents an overview of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's HIV prevention efforts.
Date: 05/2020
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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HIV and American Indians and Alaska Natives
Offers data and statistics on HIV diagnoses among American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/AN). Lists current challenges to HIV prevention, including cultural stigma and confidentiality concerns that could prevent AI/AN gay and bisexual men from obtaining education and HIV testing, especially in rural communities or on reservations. Presents an overview of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's HIV prevention efforts.
Date: 05/2020
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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2019 Louisiana Health Report Card
Provides detailed health data by parish for Louisiana. Covers cancer incidence, suicides, the opioid epidemic, infectious diseases, low birthweights and infant deaths, top causes of death, and more.
Author(s): Rebekah Gee, Alexander Billioux
Date: 05/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Louisiana Department of Health
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Tackling the Trifecta: State Approaches to Addressing Co-Occurring Substance Use Disorders, HIV, and Hepatitis C
Highlights the approaches to addressing co-occurring substance use disorder, HIV, and HCV in New York, West Virginia, and Louisiana. Breaks down data in each state by gender and details considerations for rural areas.
Author(s): Eliza Mette, Jodi Manz, Kristina Long
Date: 04/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Academy for State Health Policy
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The Health Resources and Services Administration's Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program in Rural Areas of the United States: Geographic Distribution, Provider Characteristics, and Clinical Outcomes
Analyzes 2017 data from the HRSA Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program (RWHAP) Services Report to determine the program's reach in rural areas. Compares rural and urban characteristics for providers, services, clinical outcomes, and clients supported by RWHAP. Discusses barriers to rural HIV care delivery and RWHAP's mediation of those barriers.
Author(s): Pamela Klein, Tanya Geiger, Nicole Chavis, et al.
Citation: PLoS One, 15(3), 1-17
Date: 03/2020
Type: Document
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Correlates of Transactional Sex Among a Rural Population of People Who Inject Drugs
Presents a study on the correlation between transactional sex and intravenous drug use among rural West Virginians. Breaks down data by demographic factors, drugs used, frequency of use, and access to treatment, among other measures.
Author(s): Sean T. Allen, Rebecca Hamilton White, Allison O'Rourke, et al.
Citation: AIDS and Behavior, 24, 775-781
Date: 03/2020
Type: Document
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Exploring the Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) Health Care Experiences among Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM) Who Live in Rural Areas of the Midwest
Study examining access to pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for rural, Midwestern men who have sex with men (MSM). Draws data from interviews with 34 MSM. Describes availability of PrEP, willingness of providers to prescribe PrEP, and stigma as a barrier to prescribing PrEP in rural areas.
Author(s): Christopher Owens, Randolph Hubach, Deana Williams, et al.
Citation: AIDS Education and Prevention, 32(1), 51-66
Date: 02/2020
Type: Document
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