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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Infectious diseases

COVID Community-Engaged Testing in Alabama: Reaching Underserved Rural Populations Through Collaboration
Provides an overview of the National Institutes of Health's Rapid Acceleration of Diagnostics–Underserved Populations initiative that fostered collaborations to increase COVID-19 testing in rural areas of Alabama. Discusses intervention, implementation, and evaluation of initiative and includes county-level data on tests administered.
Author(s): Christopher Greer McCollum, Thomas N. Creger, Aadia I. Rana, et al.
Citation: American Journal of Public Health, 112(10), 1399-1403
Date: 10/2022
Type: Document
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The State of the Rural Economy in Indiana
Provides an overview of the rural economy in Indiana and includes data on issues such as population, employment and income, education, housing, agriculture, transportation, broadband, immigration, quality of life, and more. Provides county-level economic and demographic data as well as rural versus urban comparisons. Features information on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Author(s): Srikant Devaraj, Dagney Faulk, Michael Hicks, et al.
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Ball State University, Center for Business and Economic Research
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Rural-Urban Differences in Child and Adolescent Access to and Receipt of Mental Health Services Prior to and During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Results from the National Survey of Children's Health
Policy brief comparing rural-urban differences in access to and receipt of mental health services, to evaluate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on service accessibility and utilization in different geographic settings. Analyzes data from a large, national sample of children and adolescents to examine inter-group similarities and differences and offer considerations for alleviating the youth mental health crisis. Features statistics with breakdowns by urban and rural locations.
Author(s): Kristen Figas, Theodoros Giannouchos, Elizabeth Crouch
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural and Minority Health Research Center (formerly the South Carolina Rural Health Research Center)
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Data Equity in American Indian/Alaska Native Populations: Respecting Sovereign Nations' Right to Meaningful and Usable COVID-19 Data
Perspective piece describing concerns related to data collection, equity, and public health planning for American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) communities following the COVID-19 pandemic. Discusses data collection during the pandemic and emerging studies that utilize AI/AN data, noting concerns about control of data.
Author(s): Vickie M. Mays, Abigail Echo-Hawk, Susan D. Cochran, Randall Akee
Citation: American Journal of Public Health, 112(10), 1416-1420
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
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County-Level Sociodemographic Factors Associated with COVID-19 Incidence and Mortality in North and South Carolina
Explores associations of county-level characteristics with COVID-19 outcomes within North Carolina and South Carolina during the first 7 months of the pandemic. Features statistics including incidence and mortality rates, with breakdowns by rural and nonrural areas.
Author(s): Nicole Kniep, Thelma Achidi, Christy Flynn, et al.
Citation: North Carolina Medical Journal, 83(5), 366-374
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
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Review of Rural U.S. Economic and Health Care Trends
Reviews recent literature and publicly available data to explore important issues at the nexus of healthcare and local economic vibrancy, and explores the economic implications associated with COVID-19. Includes sections on rural hospitals, the rural healthcare workforce, emergency medical services, insurance, and telehealth. Features statistics with breakdowns by 6 levels of population density and county-level maps showing Health Professional Shortage Areas and rural counties without obstetrical services.
Author(s): Alison Davis
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Center for Economic Analysis of Rural Health
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Self-reported Illness Experiences and Psychosocial Outcomes for Reservation-Area American Indian Youth During COVID-19
Results of a Spring 2021 study of 2,559 American Indian students in grades 6-12 in schools on or near Indian reservations. Features statistics on COVID-19 experiences for self and others.
Author(s): Linda R. Stanley, Meghan A. Crabtree, Randall C. Swaim, Mark A. Prince.
Citation: JAMA Network Open, 5(9), e2231764
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
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Rural Child Care Solutions: From the Ground Up
Explores challenges related to childcare access in Minnesota that have been exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic. Includes data on childcare availability broken down by entirely rural, town/rural mix, urban/town/rural mix, and entirely urban location. Includes discussions, models, and mitigating strategies to address childcare issues.
Additional links: Summary
Author(s): Marnie Werner
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Center for Rural Policy and Development
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Before and During Pandemic Telemedicine Use: An Analysis of Rural and Urban Safety-Net Clinics
Investigates telemedicine use for primary care before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Utilizes electronic health record data to analyze 1,015,722 patients seen in 466 different safety-net clinics. Includes demographic breakdown of patients by sex, race/ethnicity, insurance status, chronic disease status, and urban, large rural, small rural, or isolated rural residence.
Author(s): Annie E. Larson, Whitney E. Zahnd, Melinda M. Davis, et al.
Citation: American Journal of Preventative Medicine
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
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Rural Hospital Closures Threaten Access: Solutions to Preserve Care in Local Communities
Provides an overview of rural hospital closures between 2010-2021. Discusses rural demographics and outlines trends affecting rural hospital financial sustainability, including patient volume and health, reimbursement, staffing shortages, COVID-19, new models of care, and more.
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: American Hospital Association
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