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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Tobacco use

Rural-Urban Differences in Changes and Effects of Tobacco 21 in Youth E-cigarette Use
Highlights a study on youth e-cigarette use across rural and urban communities in light of the increase in Tobacco 21 (T21) policies. Compares under 21 e-cigarette use in rural and urban areas and in T21 and non-T21 areas. Breaks down data by year (2018-2019), gender, and grade in school, among other measures.
Author(s): Hongying Dai, Lisa Chaney, Edward Ellerbeck, et al.
Citation: Pediatrics, 147(5), e2020020651
Date: 05/2021
Type: Document
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Rural Barriers to Early Lung Cancer Detection: Exploring Access to Lung Cancer Screening Programs in New Hampshire and Vermont
Evaluates how geographic access to lung cancer screening facilities is related to population density, adult smoker distribution, and education level in New Hampshire and Vermont. Utilizes 2013-2017 County Health Rankings data. Discusses the significance of rural-urban access disparities in lung cancer screening, and describes the value of identifying access barriers.
Author(s): Rian M. Hasson, Kayla A. Fay, Joseph D. Phillips, Timothy M. Millington, David J. Finley
Citation: American Journal of Surgery, 221(4), 725-730
Date: 04/2021
Type: Document
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Mississippi Primary Care Needs Assessment
Identifies Mississippi communities with the greatest unmet healthcare needs and offers recommendations for allocating resources, managing shortage designations, and coordinating the recruitment and retention of healthcare professionals. Includes sections on social determinants of health, Health Professional Shortage Areas, Graduate Medical Education, and workforce development. Features statistics on various diseases and health conditions.
Date: 03/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Mississippi Office of Rural Health, Mississippi State Department of Health
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Alcohol- and Drug-Related Consequences Across Latent Classes of Substance Use Among American Indian Adolescents
Examines differences across four classes of substance use behaviors by American Indian (AI) adolescents. Classes include: no substance use in the past month; marijuana and cigarette use only; alcohol, marijuana, and cigarette use only; and other substance use in addition to alcohol, marijuana, and cigarettes. Goal of study is to determine the extent of substance-related mortality and morbidity, tendency toward developing a substance-use disorder, and other related health disparities.
Author(s): Schick, M.R., Goldstein, S.C., Nalven, T., Spillane, N.S.
Citation: Addictive Behaviors, 113
Date: 02/2021
Type: Document
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Socioenvironmental Risk Factors for Adolescent Marijuana Use in a United States-Mexico Border Community
Reports on a study of predominantly Hispanic high school students in a rural border community, examining community and immigration-related stress, normalized drug trafficking, and negative perceptions of their neighborhood. Discusses the link between these socioenvironmental risk factors and tobacco, alcohol, and marijuana use, as well as implications for health promotion and public health practitioners.
Author(s): Elizabeth Salerno Valdez, Luis Valdez, Josephine Korchmaros, et al.
Citation: American Journal of Health Promotion, 35(1), 20-27
Date: 01/2021
Type: Document
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Telemedicine for Tobacco Cessation and Prevention to Combat COVID-19 Morbidity and Mortality in Rural Areas
Discusses the use of telehealth to initiate tobacco cessation programs in rural areas as a means of limiting comorbidity and mortality during the COVID-19 pandemic. Highlights the rates of tobacco use in rural areas by type and compares rates to urban areas. Explores several examples of programs using telemedicine to implement successful models of tobacco cessation treatment in the U.S. and in Hong Kong.
Author(s): Ashley L. Merianos, Bradley Fevrier, E. Melinda Mahabee-Gittens
Citation: Frontiers in Public Health, 8, 598905
Date: 01/2021
Type: Document
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Risk Factors for Adolescent Drug and Alcohol Abuse in Arkansas 2021
Provides state, region, and county-level data for Arkansas related to substance abuse by youth. Identifies risk factors associated with drug and alcohol abuse, such as the number of arrests, poverty measures, school infractions, and more, as well as associated public health outcomes.
Date: 2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Arkansas Department of Human Services, Arkansas Foundation for Medical Care, UA Little Rock MidSOUTH Center for Prevention and Training
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Montana Chronic Disease Prevention & Health Promotion Bureau: June 2018-July 2020 Progress Report
Report highlights the public health efforts in the areas of tobacco cessation, diabetes and cancer reduction, and promoting physical activity, among other issues in Montana. Compares rates over a two year span and details the programs designed to address them.
Date: 12/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Montana Department of Public Health and Human Services
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Risky Substance Use Behaviors Among Adults Residing in Non-Metropolitan and Metropolitan Counties in the United States, 2017-2018
Compares the prevalence of risky substance use among adults living in rural and urban counties. Features statistics with breakdowns by use within the past year and within the past 30 days, for alcohol, tobacco, and 10 types of illicit drugs.
Author(s): Tyrone F. Borders, Michael D. Singleton, Katherine Youngen
Date: 11/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural and Underserved Health Research Center
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Risky Substance Use Behaviors Among Adolescents Residing in Non-Metropolitan and Metropolitan Counties in the United States, 2017-2018
Compares the prevalence of risky substance use among people ages 12-17 who are living in rural and urban counties. Features statistics with breakdowns by use within the past year and within the past 30 days, for alcohol, tobacco, and 10 types of illicit drugs.
Author(s): Tyrone F. Borders, Michael D. Singleton, Katherine Youngen
Date: 11/2020
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural and Underserved Health Research Center
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