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Colorado covers 103,718 square miles, with a 2017 estimated population of 5,607,154 people – 705,835 living in rural Colorado (USDA-ERS). Denver, the capital, is located in the north-central region of the state. Colorado’s largest cities are Denver, Colorado Springs, Aurora, and Fort Collins. According to 2017 data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 87.3% of the state’s population is white, 4.5% is African-American, 3.4% is Asian, 1.6% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.2% is Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 21.5% is of Hispanic or Latino origin.

Colorado Rural Healthcare Facilities

Colorado Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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There are 79 hospitals in Colorado (Kaiser, 2016). Colorado has 31 hospitals identified as Critical Access Hospitals (Flex Team, 7/2018). There are 53 Rural Health Clinics in Colorado (CMS, 2017), and 20 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 213 sites in the state (NACHC, 2017).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Colorado

While most Coloradans have health insurance coverage, 10% remain uninsured (Kaiser, 2016). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per capita income for Coloradans in 2016 was $51,999 although rural per capita income lagged at $47,152. The ERS reports, based on 2016 ACS data, that the poverty rate in rural Colorado is 13.6%, compared with 10.7% in urban areas of the state. 10.5% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 8.8% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma according to 2012-2016 ACS data reported by ERS. The unemployment rate in rural Colorado is 2.8%, while in urban Colorado, it is 2.8% (USDA-ERS, 2017).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
National Association of Community Health Centers: Key Health Center Data By State; Colorado Health Institute; Colorado Hospital Association; Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: Rural Health Clinic List ; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Colorado Rural Health Center
Phone: 303.832.7493
Serves as the State Office of Rural Health for Colorado. Offers members programs and services to ensure that rural communities have access to adequate healthcare.
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There are more organizations related to Colorado in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 8/21/2018